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• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 3715

# Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid. Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE MATHS COURSEWORK

Introduction

There are many different newspapers. They range from tabloid papers to the broadsheet papers. The tabloids are a lighter read which may be using short words to the more involving complicated and longer words which might be in broadsheet papers. Different newspapers are written to suit different types of people e.g. Teachers, Doctors, Business People unemployed, labourers etc.  First I am going to collect data on number of letters per word and sentences in two different newspapers.  I am also going to present data in a meaningful way.  Finally I am going to interpret and analyze results and diagrams.  I am going to draw conclusions on my analysis, state whether I accept or reject the prediction.  If I reject the prediction then I need to make another one up because I will need at least 2 predictions in this investigation to show that I have understood.

Aim

Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid.  Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Prediction

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror).

Broadsheet newspaper is for business people, doctor, teachers etc so more complicated and longer words are used. Because the broadsheet has longer words it will have short sentences so longer the words shorter the sentences.

Tabloid newspaper is for anyone, it doesn’t have any specific user like broadsheet.  It has general information and gossip so it uses shorter words.  Because the tabloid has shorter words it will have longer sentences so shorter the words longer the sentences.

Middle

lllll llll

9

54

7

lllll l

6

42

8

lllll lll

8

64

9

ll

2

18

10

l

1

10

11

0

0

12

l

1

12

13

l

1

13

100

446

Mode

4

Median

4

Mean

4.46 Letters Per Word

Range

13-1 =

12

 The Times Sports Monday January 2004 Word Length Tally Frequency fx 1 lllll 5 =SUM(C3*A3) 2 lllll lllll lllll 15 =SUM(C4*A4) 3 lllll lllll lllll llll 19 =SUM(C5*A5) 4 lllll lllll lllll lllll llll 24 =SUM(C6*A6) 5 lllll llll 9 =SUM(C7*A7) 6 lllll llll 9 =SUM(C8*A8) 7 lllll l 6 =SUM(C9*A9) 8 lllll lll 8 =SUM(C10*A10) 9 ll 2 =SUM(C11*A11) 10 l 1 =SUM(C12*A12) 11 0 =SUM(C13*A13) 12 l 1 =SUM(C14*A14) 13 l 1 =SUM(C15*A15) =SUM(C3:C15) =SUM(D3:D15) Mode 4 Median 4 Mean =SUM(D16/C16) Range 13-1 = =A15-A3

The above table shows the data with formula.

 The Times Main Article/Sports Article Monday January 2004 Sentence Length Tally Frequency Mid Value fx 1-10 lllll l 6 5 30 11-20 lllll lllll l 11 15 165 21-30 lllll lllll lllll 15 25 375 31-40 lllll lllll llll 14 35 490 41-50 lll 3 45 135 51-60 l 1 55 55 Total 50 1250 Mode 21-30 Median 21-30 Mean 25 Words Per Sentence Range 60-1 = 59

Mode is the most common sentence so in my data from above table I have found out the most common sentence is 21-30 because it has the highest frequency.

Median is the middle number another words is ½(Half) so in my data from above table is 21-30 because I did 50 sentences and I divide by 2 to find the median.  So 50/2 is 25 I look at the table above in “Frequency Column” then start adding from 1st data and wherever I get 25 I stop and found out that this is the median.

Mean is the average of the data.  In my data from above table the mean is 25 because I did 50 sentences per words and the total words for the mean for this table is 1250 so I divide 1250/50 which gives me 25 that shows the mean (the average) of the data sentences per words.

Range tells us how the data started from and where it end.  So to work out the range is Highest - Lowest.  In my data from above table shows that the highest word I found from my article is 60 and the lowest I started with is 1 so I subtract High – Low which is 60-1 that gives 59 and this shows the range of the data.

 The Times Main News/Sports Monday January 2004 Sentence Length Tally Frequency Mid Value fx 1-10 lllll l 6 5 =D3*C3 11-20 lllll lllll l 11 15 =D4*C4 21-30 lllll lllll lllll 15 25 =D5*C5 31-40 lllll lllll llll 14 35 =D6*C6 41-50 lll 3 45 =D7*C7 51-60 l 1 55 =D8*C8 Total =SUM(C3:C8) =SUM(E3:E8) Mode 21-30 Median 21-30 Mean =E9/C9 Range 60-1 = =60-1

The above table shows the data with formula.

 The Mirror Main Article/Sports Article Monday January 2004 Sentence Length Tally Frequency Mid Value fx 1-10 llll 4 5 20 11-20 lllll lllll lllll lll 18 15 270 21-30 lllll lllll lllll lllll lll 23 25 575 31-40 llll 4 35 140 41-50 l 1 45 45 Total 50 1050 Mode 21-30 Median 21-30 Mean 21 Words Per Sentence Range 50-1 = 49
 The Mirror Main News/Sports Monday January 2004 Sentence Length Tally Frequency Mid Value fx 1-10 llll 4 5 =D20*C20 11-20 lllll lllll lllll lll 18 15 =D21*C21 21-30 lllll lllll lllll lllll lll 23 25 =D22*C22 31-40 llll 4 35 =D23*C23 41-50 l 1 45 =D24*C24 Total =SUM(C20:C24) =SUM(E20:E24) Mode 21-30 Median 21-30 Mean =E25/C25 Range 50-1 = =50-1

The above table shows the data with formula.

Cumulative Frequency

 The Mirror Main Article Monday January 2004 Word Length Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 4 4 2 16 20 3 21 41 4 21 62 5 10 72 6 9 81 7 8 89 8 5 94 9 5 99 10 1 100 11 0 100 100 Upper Quartile ¾ 6 Median ½ 4 Lower Quartile 1/4 3
 The Mirror Main Article Monday January 2004 Word Length Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 4 =B3 2 16 =D3+B4 3 21 =D4+B5 4 21 =D5+B6 5 10 =D6+B7 6 9 =D7+B8 7 8 =D8+B9 8 5 =D9+B10 9 5 =D10+B11 10 1 =D11+B12 11 0 =D12+B13 100

The above table shows the data with formula.

 The Times Main Article Monday January 2004 Word Length Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 0 0 2 13 13 3 26 39 4 23 62 5 9 71 6 13 84 7 8 92 8 5 97 9 0 97 10 2 99 11 0 99 12 0 99 13 1 100 100 Upper Quartile 6 Median 4 Lower Quartile 3

Conclusion

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predicted that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

• By looking at the Means for The Mirror main article and sports article was 21 words per sentence and The Times main article and sports article was 25 words per sentence approx difference of 4 words per sentence.  This is a slight difference.  I do not consider this to be a significant difference so looking at the evidence I’ve gathered so far I have found no significant difference in Letters per word for The Times and The Mirror main article and sports article.

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror)”.

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

Evaluation

My prediction is correct accept the main article in words length this could be due to error because I used the repeated words because of that this might have cause my prediction wrong.

In the conclusion the results suggest that The Times has more letters per word on average than The Mirror and The Times has more words per sentence on average than The Mirror.  There is only a small sample that has I have taken. If there was more time larger, wider investigations could have been taken. I could have investigated other newspapers. I could also have investigated on the size of photographs or pictures that were in the papers, to see if there was a correlation between the size and number of pictures to the size of the words.

Page  of         5/6/2007

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