# Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid. Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE MATHS COURSEWORK

Introduction

There are many different newspapers. They range from tabloid papers to the broadsheet papers. The tabloids are a lighter read which may be using short words to the more involving complicated and longer words which might be in broadsheet papers. Different newspapers are written to suit different types of people e.g. Teachers, Doctors, Business People unemployed, labourers etc. First I am going to collect data on number of letters per word and sentences in two different newspapers. I am also going to present data in a meaningful way. Finally I am going to interpret and analyze results and diagrams. I am going to draw conclusions on my analysis, state whether I accept or reject the prediction. If I reject the prediction then I need to make another one up because I will need at least 2 predictions in this investigation to show that I have understood.

Aim

Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid. Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Prediction

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror).

Broadsheet newspaper is for business people, doctor, teachers etc so more complicated and longer words are used. Because the broadsheet has longer words it will have short sentences so longer the words shorter the sentences.

Tabloid newspaper is for anyone, it doesn’t have any specific user like broadsheet. It has general information and gossip so it uses shorter words. Because the tabloid has shorter words it will have longer sentences so shorter the words longer the sentences.

Middle

lllll llll

9

54

7

lllll l

6

42

8

lllll lll

8

64

9

ll

2

18

10

l

1

10

11

0

0

12

l

1

12

13

l

1

13

100

446

Mode

4

Median

4

Mean

4.46 Letters Per Word

Range

13-1 =

12

The Times | Sports | Monday January 2004 | |

Word Length | Tally | Frequency | fx |

1 | lllll | 5 | =SUM(C3*A3) |

2 | lllll lllll lllll | 15 | =SUM(C4*A4) |

3 | lllll lllll lllll llll | 19 | =SUM(C5*A5) |

4 | lllll lllll lllll lllll llll | 24 | =SUM(C6*A6) |

5 | lllll llll | 9 | =SUM(C7*A7) |

6 | lllll llll | 9 | =SUM(C8*A8) |

7 | lllll l | 6 | =SUM(C9*A9) |

8 | lllll lll | 8 | =SUM(C10*A10) |

9 | ll | 2 | =SUM(C11*A11) |

10 | l | 1 | =SUM(C12*A12) |

11 | 0 | =SUM(C13*A13) | |

12 | l | 1 | =SUM(C14*A14) |

13 | l | 1 | =SUM(C15*A15) |

=SUM(C3:C15) | =SUM(D3:D15) | ||

Mode | 4 | ||

Median | 4 | ||

Mean | =SUM(D16/C16) | ||

Range | 13-1 = | =A15-A3 |

The above table shows the data with formula.

The Times | Main Article/Sports Article | Monday January 2004 | ||

Sentence Length | Tally | Frequency | Mid Value | fx |

1-10 | lllll l | 6 | 5 | 30 |

11-20 | lllll lllll l | 11 | 15 | 165 |

21-30 | lllll lllll lllll | 15 | 25 | 375 |

31-40 | lllll lllll llll | 14 | 35 | 490 |

41-50 | lll | 3 | 45 | 135 |

51-60 | l | 1 | 55 | 55 |

Total | 50 | 1250 | ||

Mode | 21-30 | |||

Median | 21-30 | |||

Mean | 25 Words Per Sentence | |||

Range | 60-1 = | 59 |

Mode is the most common sentence so in my data from above table I have found out the most common sentence is 21-30 because it has the highest frequency.

Median is the middle number another words is ½(Half) so in my data from above table is 21-30 because I did 50 sentences and I divide by 2 to find the median. So 50/2 is 25 I look at the table above in “Frequency Column” then start adding from 1st data and wherever I get 25 I stop and found out that this is the median.

Mean is the average of the data. In my data from above table the mean is 25 because I did 50 sentences per words and the total words for the mean for this table is 1250 so I divide 1250/50 which gives me 25 that shows the mean (the average) of the data sentences per words.

Range tells us how the data started from and where it end. So to work out the range is Highest - Lowest. In my data from above table shows that the highest word I found from my article is 60 and the lowest I started with is 1 so I subtract High – Low which is 60-1 that gives 59 and this shows the range of the data.

The Times | Main News/Sports | Monday January 2004 | ||

Sentence Length | Tally | Frequency | Mid Value | fx |

1-10 | lllll l | 6 | 5 | =D3*C3 |

11-20 | lllll lllll l | 11 | 15 | =D4*C4 |

21-30 | lllll lllll lllll | 15 | 25 | =D5*C5 |

31-40 | lllll lllll llll | 14 | 35 | =D6*C6 |

41-50 | lll | 3 | 45 | =D7*C7 |

51-60 | l | 1 | 55 | =D8*C8 |

Total | =SUM(C3:C8) | =SUM(E3:E8) | ||

Mode | 21-30 | |||

Median | 21-30 | |||

Mean | =E9/C9 | |||

Range | 60-1 = | =60-1 |

The above table shows the data with formula.

The Mirror | Main Article/Sports Article | Monday January 2004 | ||

Sentence Length | Tally | Frequency | Mid Value | fx |

1-10 | llll | 4 | 5 | 20 |

11-20 | lllll lllll lllll lll | 18 | 15 | 270 |

21-30 | lllll lllll lllll lllll lll | 23 | 25 | 575 |

31-40 | llll | 4 | 35 | 140 |

41-50 | l | 1 | 45 | 45 |

Total | 50 | 1050 | ||

Mode | 21-30 | |||

Median | 21-30 | |||

Mean | 21 Words Per Sentence | |||

Range | 50-1 = | 49 |

The Mirror | Main News/Sports | Monday January 2004 | ||

Sentence Length | Tally | Frequency | Mid Value | fx |

1-10 | llll | 4 | 5 | =D20*C20 |

11-20 | lllll lllll lllll lll | 18 | 15 | =D21*C21 |

21-30 | lllll lllll lllll lllll lll | 23 | 25 | =D22*C22 |

31-40 | llll | 4 | 35 | =D23*C23 |

41-50 | l | 1 | 45 | =D24*C24 |

Total | =SUM(C20:C24) | =SUM(E20:E24) | ||

Mode | 21-30 | |||

Median | 21-30 | |||

Mean | =E25/C25 | |||

Range | 50-1 = | =50-1 |

The above table shows the data with formula.

Cumulative Frequency

The Mirror | Main Article | Monday January 2004 |

Word Length | Frequency | Cumulative Frequency |

1 | 4 | 4 |

2 | 16 | 20 |

3 | 21 | 41 |

4 | 21 | 62 |

5 | 10 | 72 |

6 | 9 | 81 |

7 | 8 | 89 |

8 | 5 | 94 |

9 | 5 | 99 |

10 | 1 | 100 |

11 | 0 | 100 |

100 | ||

Upper Quartile ¾ | 6 | |

Median ½ | 4 | |

Lower Quartile 1/4 | 3 |

The Mirror | Main Article | Monday January 2004 | |

Word Length | Frequency | Cumulative Frequency | |

1 | 4 | =B3 | |

2 | 16 | =D3+B4 | |

3 | 21 | =D4+B5 | |

4 | 21 | =D5+B6 | |

5 | 10 | =D6+B7 | |

6 | 9 | =D7+B8 | |

7 | 8 | =D8+B9 | |

8 | 5 | =D9+B10 | |

9 | 5 | =D10+B11 | |

10 | 1 | =D11+B12 | |

11 | 0 | =D12+B13 | |

100 |

The above table shows the data with formula.

The Times | Main Article | Monday January 2004 | |

Word Length | Frequency | Cumulative Frequency | |

1 | 0 | 0 | |

2 | 13 | 13 | |

3 | 26 | 39 | |

4 | 23 | 62 | |

5 | 9 | 71 | |

6 | 13 | 84 | |

7 | 8 | 92 | |

8 | 5 | 97 | |

9 | 0 | 97 | |

10 | 2 | 99 | |

11 | 0 | 99 | |

12 | 0 | 99 | |

13 | 1 | 100 | |

100 | |||

Upper Quartile | 6 | ||

Median | 4 | ||

Lower Quartile | 3 |

Conclusion

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predicted that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

- By looking at the Means for The Mirror main article and sports article was 21 words per sentence and The Times main article and sports article was 25 words per sentence approx difference of 4 words per sentence. This is a slight difference. I do not consider this to be a significant difference so looking at the evidence I’ve gathered so far I have found no significant difference in Letters per word for The Times and The Mirror main article and sports article.

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror)”.

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

Evaluation

My prediction is correct accept the main article in words length this could be due to error because I used the repeated words because of that this might have cause my prediction wrong.

In the conclusion the results suggest that The Times has more letters per word on average than The Mirror and The Times has more words per sentence on average than The Mirror. There is only a small sample that has I have taken. If there was more time larger, wider investigations could have been taken. I could have investigated other newspapers. I could also have investigated on the size of photographs or pictures that were in the papers, to see if there was a correlation between the size and number of pictures to the size of the words.

Page of 5/6/2007

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

## Found what you're looking for?

- Start learning 29% faster today
- 150,000+ documents available
- Just £6.99 a month