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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 3715

Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid. Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE MATHS COURSEWORK

Introduction

There are many different newspapers. They range from tabloid papers to the broadsheet papers. The tabloids are a lighter read which may be using short words to the more involving complicated and longer words which might be in broadsheet papers. Different newspapers are written to suit different types of people e.g. Teachers, Doctors, Business People unemployed, labourers etc.  First I am going to collect data on number of letters per word and sentences in two different newspapers.  I am also going to present data in a meaningful way.  Finally I am going to interpret and analyze results and diagrams.  I am going to draw conclusions on my analysis, state whether I accept or reject the prediction.  If I reject the prediction then I need to make another one up because I will need at least 2 predictions in this investigation to show that I have understood.    

Aim

Compare one broadsheet with one tabloid.  Comparison is by word length and sentence length.

Prediction

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror).

Broadsheet newspaper is for business people, doctor, teachers etc so more complicated and longer words are used. Because the broadsheet has longer words it will have short sentences so longer the words shorter the sentences.

Tabloid newspaper is for anyone, it doesn’t have any specific user like broadsheet.  It has general information and gossip so it uses shorter words.  Because the tabloid has shorter words it will have longer sentences so shorter the words longer the sentences.

...read more.

Middle

 lllll llll  

9

54

7

 lllll l

6

42

8

 lllll lll

8

64

9

 ll 

2

18

10

l

1

10

11

0

0

12

l

1

12

13

l

1

13

100

446

Mode

4

Median

4

Mean

4.46 Letters Per Word

Range

13-1 =

12

The Times

Sports

Monday January 2004

Word Length

Tally

Frequency

fx

1

lllll

5

=SUM(C3*A3)

2

lllll lllll lllll

15

=SUM(C4*A4)

3

lllll lllll lllll llll

19

=SUM(C5*A5)

4

lllll lllll lllll lllll llll

24

=SUM(C6*A6)

5

lllll llll

9

=SUM(C7*A7)

6

lllll llll

9

=SUM(C8*A8)

7

lllll l

6

=SUM(C9*A9)

8

lllll lll

8

=SUM(C10*A10)

9

ll

2

=SUM(C11*A11)

10

l

1

=SUM(C12*A12)

11

0

=SUM(C13*A13)

12

l

1

=SUM(C14*A14)

13

l

1

=SUM(C15*A15)

=SUM(C3:C15)

=SUM(D3:D15)

Mode

4

Median

4

Mean

=SUM(D16/C16)

Range

13-1 =

=A15-A3

The above table shows the data with formula.


image00.png


image00.png

image01.png

image01.png


The Times

Main Article/Sports Article

Monday January 2004

Sentence Length

Tally

Frequency

Mid Value

fx

1-10

lllll l

6

5

30

11-20

lllll lllll l

11

15

165

21-30

lllll lllll lllll

15

25

375

31-40

lllll lllll llll

14

35

490

41-50

lll

3

45

135

51-60

l

1

55

55

Total

50

1250

Mode

21-30

Median

21-30

Mean

25 Words Per Sentence

Range

60-1 =

59

Mode is the most common sentence so in my data from above table I have found out the most common sentence is 21-30 because it has the highest frequency.

Median is the middle number another words is ½(Half) so in my data from above table is 21-30 because I did 50 sentences and I divide by 2 to find the median.  So 50/2 is 25 I look at the table above in “Frequency Column” then start adding from 1st data and wherever I get 25 I stop and found out that this is the median.

Mean is the average of the data.  In my data from above table the mean is 25 because I did 50 sentences per words and the total words for the mean for this table is 1250 so I divide 1250/50 which gives me 25 that shows the mean (the average) of the data sentences per words.

Range tells us how the data started from and where it end.  So to work out the range is Highest - Lowest.  In my data from above table shows that the highest word I found from my article is 60 and the lowest I started with is 1 so I subtract High – Low which is 60-1 that gives 59 and this shows the range of the data.

The Times

Main News/Sports

Monday January 2004

Sentence Length

Tally

Frequency

Mid Value

fx

1-10

lllll l

6

5

=D3*C3

11-20

lllll lllll l

11

15

=D4*C4

21-30

lllll lllll lllll

15

25

=D5*C5

31-40

lllll lllll llll

14

35

=D6*C6

41-50

lll

3

45

=D7*C7

51-60

l

1

55

=D8*C8

Total

=SUM(C3:C8)

=SUM(E3:E8)

Mode

21-30

Median

21-30

Mean

=E9/C9

Range

60-1 =

=60-1

The above table shows the data with formula.

The Mirror

Main Article/Sports Article

Monday January 2004

Sentence Length

Tally

Frequency

Mid Value

fx

1-10

llll

4

5

20

11-20

lllll lllll lllll lll

18

15

270

21-30

lllll lllll lllll lllll lll

23

25

575

31-40

llll

4

35

140

41-50

l

1

45

45

Total

50

1050

Mode

21-30

Median

21-30

Mean

21 Words Per Sentence

Range

50-1 =

49

The Mirror

Main News/Sports

Monday January 2004

Sentence Length

Tally

Frequency

Mid Value

fx

1-10

llll

4

5

=D20*C20

11-20

lllll lllll lllll lll

18

15

=D21*C21

21-30

lllll lllll lllll lllll lll

23

25

=D22*C22

31-40

llll

4

35

=D23*C23

41-50

l

1

45

=D24*C24

Total

=SUM(C20:C24)

=SUM(E20:E24)

Mode

21-30

Median

21-30

Mean

=E25/C25

Range

50-1 =

=50-1

The above table shows the data with formula.


Cumulative Frequency

The Mirror

Main Article

Monday January 2004

Word Length

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

1

4

4

2

16

20

3

21

41

4

21

62

5

10

72

6

9

81

7

8

89

8

5

94

9

5

99

10

1

100

11

0

100

100

Upper Quartile ¾

6

Median ½

4

Lower Quartile 1/4

3

The Mirror

Main Article

Monday January 2004

Word Length

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

1

4

=B3

2

16

=D3+B4

3

21

=D4+B5

4

21

=D5+B6

5

10

=D6+B7

6

9

=D7+B8

7

8

=D8+B9

8

5

=D9+B10

9

5

=D10+B11

10

1

=D11+B12

11

0

=D12+B13

100

The above table shows the data with formula.

The Times

Main Article

Monday January 2004

Word Length

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

1

0

0

2

13

13

3

26

39

4

23

62

5

9

71

6

13

84

7

8

92

8

5

97

9

0

97

10

2

99

11

0

99

12

0

99

13

1

100

100

Upper Quartile

6

Median

4

Lower Quartile

3

...read more.

Conclusion

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predicted that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer words than Tabloid (The Mirror).

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

  • By looking at the Means for The Mirror main article and sports article was 21 words per sentence and The Times main article and sports article was 25 words per sentence approx difference of 4 words per sentence.  This is a slight difference.  I do not consider this to be a significant difference so looking at the evidence I’ve gathered so far I have found no significant difference in Letters per word for The Times and The Mirror main article and sports article.  

My prediction for the word length The Times and The Mirror sports article:

“I predict that Broadsheet (The Times) will have longer sentences than Tabloid (The Mirror)”.

This prediction is accurate in other words I am accepting my original hypothesis.

Evaluation

My prediction is correct accept the main article in words length this could be due to error because I used the repeated words because of that this might have cause my prediction wrong.

In the conclusion the results suggest that The Times has more letters per word on average than The Mirror and The Times has more words per sentence on average than The Mirror.  There is only a small sample that has I have taken. If there was more time larger, wider investigations could have been taken. I could have investigated other newspapers. I could also have investigated on the size of photographs or pictures that were in the papers, to see if there was a correlation between the size and number of pictures to the size of the words.

        Page  of         5/6/2007

...read more.

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