• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

GCSE Maths Handling Data Coursework - Comparing Newspapers

Extracts from this document...


GCSE Maths Handling Data Coursework – Comparing Newspapers


‘The Times’ newspaper is universally accepted as Britain’s national newspaper. I have been asked to investigate the concerns of the editor that the sales are lower in comparison with the tabloids. I am going to investigate the lengths of the words, how many words there are in a sentence and the reading age if those who read the newspapers.

Hypothesis 1

I hypothesise that the world length for the broadsheet newspapers will be higher than that of the tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheet newspapers have longer words than the tabloid papers on average, because they are aimed at an older, more intelligent audience. In addition, broadsheets have longer articles and more statistics, graphs etc. This may attract the attention of a more intellectual audience.

Hypothesis 2

I hypothesise that the number of words in a sentence will be higher in the broadsheet newspapers than in the tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheet newspapers have a more complex sentence structure than the tabloid papers; this made me predict that words in a sentence would be higher in a broadsheet.

Hypothesis 3

I hypothesise that the reading age for readers of broadsheet newspapers will be higher than that of readers of tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheets are aimed at a higher reading age because of all the reasons above in the hypotheses.


Firstly, I am going to collect four newspapers from the same day, two tabloids and two broadsheets. The tabloids I am going to use are ‘The Sun’ and ‘The Daily Mirror’; the broadsheets I am going to use are ‘The Times’ and ‘The Daily Telegraph’.

...read more.


After doing all this, I will use my mathematical skills which I will discuss later.

For my second hypothesis, I am going to use a different article using the same calculator process used for my first hypothesis. When I have located the article, I will choose 20 sentences for the same reason as the 100 words. I am also going to exclude numbers, people’s names and quotes. However, I am going to include words like can’t and hyphenated words, again for all the reasons mentioned previously.

To fulfil the terms of my third and final hypothesis I am going to use the Gunning ‘FOG’ Readability Test, this is because it is the best to use for secondary and older primary age groups, which the readers of the four newspapers I am investigating are more likely to be. The Gunning ‘FOG’ Test can be done with a simple formula, which is:

[(L+N) x 0.4] + 5 years

 L being the average sentence length and N being the number of words with three or more syllables from a 100-word sample. The average sentence length will be worked out from the sample taken to find out the word length. Then I will count the number of words with three or more syllables thus completing the formula.

The maths – the most important bit

Lets say I’ve got all the data needed, the word length, the words per sentence, everything, now all I need to do now is analyse the data and compare them. Using maths.

I will say what maths I’m going to do for the word length firstly, then for the words per sentence.

...read more.


‘The Daily Telegraph’ is more to the right than ‘The Sun’ and both of their lower quartiles nearly meet. The medians are a long way apart from each other and it is evident from the box plot that ‘The Daily Telegraph’ had much more WPS. In addition, the highest WPS is in ‘The Daily Telegraph’ although this is not necessarily an accurate finding. ‘The Daily Mirror’ and the ‘The Times’ are very similar to each other, they both have the exact lower quartile and their medians are very close together. The right hand box of ‘The Daily Mirror’ is considerably bigger than ‘The Times’. The highest value belongs to ‘The Times’. ‘The Times’ did better because of the size of the right hand box and because of the highest value. In conclusion, the broadsheet’s box plots did much better than the tabloids box plots.

The reading age for ‘The Times’ was 15.2 years and ‘The Daily Telegraph’ was 19.3 years. ‘The Sun’ is 12.67 and ‘The Daily Mirror’ is 14.79. The reading ages for readers of broadsheet newspapers are relatively high especially ‘The Daily Telegraph’ and my predictions were correct.


According to my results, my first hypothesis is incorrect, my second hypothesis was correct and so was my last hypothesis.


I could have improved my investigation in a number of ways, I could have used more samples and picked more random samples, this would have made my results as accurate as possible, the more you use – the more accurate you are. I could also have selected more newspapers. I also could have used more ‘FOG’ and ‘SMOG’ tests as this may have helped me with my investigation. I could also have compared further results and conducted further mathematics if I had been given time.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Compare a modern romantic comedy with a very old romantic comedy - Compare word ...

    30 51 6 27 14 18 43 11 5 31 212 8 111 231 29 32 338 17 34 96 1 51 240 2 33 19 12 17 86 34 19 172 7 29 310 20 46 174 10 53 351 1 8 24 5 25 214 2

  2. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    AM was presented with a list of words which he had to read aloud or was presented the list orally which he was required to spell in the spelling condition. The words presented varied from 3 letter strings to 6.

  1. Comparison between tabloid and broadsheet newspapers.

    CATEGORY NO. PAGES PROPORTION Sport 13 13/47= 0.28 Currents Affairs 14 14/47= 0.30 Adverts 12 12/47= 0.25 Other 8 8/47=0.17 Total 47 1 New data for word length result using the Stratified sample: TABLOID No. Of letters in a word No.

  2. "Broadsheet newspapers have a longer average word length than tabloid newspapers"

    3 + 17 + 34 + 36 + 25 + 24 + 20 + 11 + 15 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 3 + 2 1099 200 =5.495 This table represents the mean, average mode and average mean score.

  1. GCSE Statistics Coursework

    38 10 4 42 11 0 42 Total 42 42 The Daily Mirror has a large number of words with 6 letters in length but no words with 10 or more letters in length. Daily Mail Word Length:- No. of letters Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 0 0 2 4 4

  2. Maths Statistics Coursework

    Table 4.8 - Broadsheet and Tabloid Article Averages Broadsheet Tabloid Range 7 8 Median 3 4 Mean 4 (4.1*) 5 (4.6*) Mode 3 7 * These have been rounded to avoid having a value representing part of a word. The broadsheet article is approaching a positive skew and the tabloid is almost a normal skew.

  1. Statistics Coursework

    7 Total - 1685 191 Numbered pupil I have systematically chosen Gender Pulse Rate at Rest (BPM) Hours of exercise per week 11 M 78 8 12 M 86 7.5 18 M 64 13 23 M 84 5.5 29 M 72 9 35 M 93 12

  2. Maths Statistical Coursework

    So far, the mean data collected does seem to tally with the hypothesis made that broadsheet newspapers are more difficult to read than tabloids. Next are the interquartile ranges of the newspapers, obviously a larger interquartile range would indicate that there is less use of monosyllabic words, as the higher

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work