• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
1. 1
1
2. 2
2
3. 3
3
4. 4
4
5. 5
5
6. 6
6
• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 2813

# GCSE Maths Handling Data Coursework - Comparing Newspapers

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE Maths Handling Data Coursework – Comparing Newspapers

## Introduction

‘The Times’ newspaper is universally accepted as Britain’s national newspaper. I have been asked to investigate the concerns of the editor that the sales are lower in comparison with the tabloids. I am going to investigate the lengths of the words, how many words there are in a sentence and the reading age if those who read the newspapers.

## Hypothesis 1

I hypothesise that the world length for the broadsheet newspapers will be higher than that of the tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheet newspapers have longer words than the tabloid papers on average, because they are aimed at an older, more intelligent audience. In addition, broadsheets have longer articles and more statistics, graphs etc. This may attract the attention of a more intellectual audience.

## Hypothesis 2

I hypothesise that the number of words in a sentence will be higher in the broadsheet newspapers than in the tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheet newspapers have a more complex sentence structure than the tabloid papers; this made me predict that words in a sentence would be higher in a broadsheet.

## Hypothesis 3

I hypothesise that the reading age for readers of broadsheet newspapers will be higher than that of readers of tabloid newspapers.

Broadsheets are aimed at a higher reading age because of all the reasons above in the hypotheses.

## Method

Firstly, I am going to collect four newspapers from the same day, two tabloids and two broadsheets. The tabloids I am going to use are ‘The Sun’ and ‘The Daily Mirror’; the broadsheets I am going to use are ‘The Times’ and ‘The Daily Telegraph’.

Middle

After doing all this, I will use my mathematical skills which I will discuss later.

For my second hypothesis, I am going to use a different article using the same calculator process used for my first hypothesis. When I have located the article, I will choose 20 sentences for the same reason as the 100 words. I am also going to exclude numbers, people’s names and quotes. However, I am going to include words like can’t and hyphenated words, again for all the reasons mentioned previously.

To fulfil the terms of my third and final hypothesis I am going to use the Gunning ‘FOG’ Readability Test, this is because it is the best to use for secondary and older primary age groups, which the readers of the four newspapers I am investigating are more likely to be. The Gunning ‘FOG’ Test can be done with a simple formula, which is:

[(L+N) x 0.4] + 5 years

L being the average sentence length and N being the number of words with three or more syllables from a 100-word sample. The average sentence length will be worked out from the sample taken to find out the word length. Then I will count the number of words with three or more syllables thus completing the formula.

## The maths – the most important bit

Lets say I’ve got all the data needed, the word length, the words per sentence, everything, now all I need to do now is analyse the data and compare them. Using maths.

I will say what maths I’m going to do for the word length firstly, then for the words per sentence.

Conclusion

‘The Daily Telegraph’ is more to the right than ‘The Sun’ and both of their lower quartiles nearly meet. The medians are a long way apart from each other and it is evident from the box plot that ‘The Daily Telegraph’ had much more WPS. In addition, the highest WPS is in ‘The Daily Telegraph’ although this is not necessarily an accurate finding. ‘The Daily Mirror’ and the ‘The Times’ are very similar to each other, they both have the exact lower quartile and their medians are very close together. The right hand box of ‘The Daily Mirror’ is considerably bigger than ‘The Times’. The highest value belongs to ‘The Times’. ‘The Times’ did better because of the size of the right hand box and because of the highest value. In conclusion, the broadsheet’s box plots did much better than the tabloids box plots.

The reading age for ‘The Times’ was 15.2 years and ‘The Daily Telegraph’ was 19.3 years. ‘The Sun’ is 12.67 and ‘The Daily Mirror’ is 14.79. The reading ages for readers of broadsheet newspapers are relatively high especially ‘The Daily Telegraph’ and my predictions were correct.

## Conclusion

According to my results, my first hypothesis is incorrect, my second hypothesis was correct and so was my last hypothesis.

## Evaluation

I could have improved my investigation in a number of ways, I could have used more samples and picked more random samples, this would have made my results as accurate as possible, the more you use – the more accurate you are. I could also have selected more newspapers. I also could have used more ‘FOG’ and ‘SMOG’ tests as this may have helped me with my investigation. I could also have compared further results and conducted further mathematics if I had been given time.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

## Found what you're looking for?

• Start learning 29% faster today
• 150,000+ documents available
• Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

# Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

1. ## GCSE Statistics Coursework

38 10 4 42 11 0 42 Total 42 42 The Daily Mirror has a large number of words with 6 letters in length but no words with 10 or more letters in length. Daily Mail Word Length:- No. of letters Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 0 0 2 4 4

2. ## Write a hypothesis about the length of words in newspapers and magazines.

In contrast, the NOTW's 3rd sentence is the fourth highest WPS. The NOTW's highest recorded at 41 WPS. 2.1 Bar Chart Analysis The bar chart above allows us to identify the highest number of WPS for 'Hello', which appear in the 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 12th sentences.

1. ## &amp;quot;Broadsheet newspapers have a longer average word length than tabloid newspapers&amp;quot;

table I produced two frequency polygons, one for the tabloids and one for the broadsheets data. These are the following observations I made:- o Both polygons, start with an almost equally steep ascent up until 3. This is the most dramatic difference in both graphs when the word length only increases by 1 letter.

2. ## Outline any differences between Tabloid and Broadsheet Newspapers in terms of word length, sentence ...

Data Collection and Presentation Hypothesis 1: I used the following table to collect the data relevant to investigating the first hypothesis: No. of Letters Tally Total Frequency 1 2 3 Etc. I then transferred the data in to a different table to calculate the standard deviation of my results.

1. ## Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

In the letter length reading condition AM was timed on how long it took for him to read each individual word. The final test taken from the PALPA looked at picture naming, oral reading, repetition and written spelling. A list of words was presented to AM in various forms for

2. ## Maths Statistical Coursework

active interest in politics and global issues, of course; otherwise there'd be no reason to report on these issues inside their newspaper. The style is rather sophisticated, with polysyllabic words being commonplace in comparison to the two tabloid newspapers, this really does emphasise the fact that they are focusing upon

1. ## Data Handling

both papers, as I can't count the number of words and sentences in the entire newspapers. My samples will be unbiased because I am taking samples of quite a large size and they are representative of both newspapers, because when I am collecting my samples for the number of words

2. ## Maths Statistics Coursework on the Readability of a Tabloid Newspaper Compared to a Broadsheet

It is also clear that both newspapers have more than double the amount of 1-6 letter words than 7-12 letter word as they are more common in the English language. From my results of these six articles I have proved my first hypothesis to be correct as in all three

• Over 160,000 pieces
of student written work
• Annotated by
experienced teachers
• Ideas and feedback to
improve your own work