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Language of Speech - In this essay I will analyse the speech by Bridget Bardot, comment on the purpose of the speech and its intended audience.

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Stephen Blighe                08/12/02

AS English Language and Literature

Assignment: Language of Speech

In this essay I will analyse the speech by Bridget Bardot, comment on the purpose of the speech and its intended audience. I will look closely at the ways in which the selected language reveals the attitude of the speaker. what persuasive techniques are employed by the speaker and what impact it creates. Throughout this essay I will comment on the features of planned speech and how they differ from spontaneous speech.

The opening paragraph for this speech extract contains a semantic field of death and cruelty by using words such as. ‘exterminate’, ‘atrocities’ and ’suffering’. All words that would now look out of place in a Second World War novel. They are rather strong and emotive, she doesn’t want to meander from the point with more subtle words that could not cause a reaction.

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The very first phonological feature that must be looked at is the use of the word ‘we’ to capture the listener and  involve them in what is being said. This  continued use of ‘we’ creates a bond between Bardot and her target audience. This in turn gives her ammunition in her plight to educate on animal cruelty.

Looking closely at the way in which this speech extract is structured reveals more about the features of planned speech. One very noticeable pattern that is apparent is the use of again, the word ‘we’ to introduce each paragraph. This is a simple way to start a new part in the speech. It holds on to the reader’s attention as it’s a way of reaching out to them and uniting the speaker with the audience. Another feature of planned speech is that each new paragraph usually follows a new theme or topic.

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The second verse of this speech extract highlights a speech’s best weapon, the alliteration. A widely used phonological feature that repeats the same consonant at the beginning of the word. It rolls of the tongue well in spoken lexis and keeps the smooth pace going.

To conclude I have found various different patterns and features in planned speech. I have noted various important differences between planned and spontaneous speech such as the exclusion of utterances, fillers and pauses. Also the speech shares many characteristics with written text and is much more fluent and lacks the pauses and interruptions of spontaneous speech. Another thing I have looked closely at is the use of negative emotive comments that trigger a reaction in the listener. The logical progression between paragraphs is another very important feature of a planned speech as it increases fluency and understanding. These are just a few points I touched on during this essay that are all import ingredients of a planned speech.

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