words in newspapers
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GCSE Mathematics: Data Coursework Read All About It Aim My aim is to write a hypothesis comparing the length of words in newspapers and magazines. I also have to design and carry out an investigation to test my hypotheses. I will use articles about a similar topic and compare both newspaper and magazine to this topic to see which has the longest word. I will record my results on a number of graphs such as bar graphs, tally charts, cumulative curves and box and whisker diagrams. Investigating further I will look at which has longer words in sentences, newspaper or magazine? My hypothesis I predict that the newspaper will have longer words that the magazine. Extension hypothesis I predict that the newspaper will have more words in sentences than the magazine. Practical problems that may occur are that I cannot find a similar article in the magazine b using a particular topic such as football; I can use an article from a newspaper about football and use a magazine about football. The newspaper I have used is the Daily Mirror and the magazine I have used is the Members Review One United. The articles are concerning football and the topic is Manchester United.
21.6 2 10 /100 X 360 36 3 19 /100 X 360 68.4 4 25 /100 X 360 90 5 9 /100 X 360 32.4 6 9 /100 X 360 32.4 7 10 /100 X 360 36 8 5 /100 X 360 18 9 0 /100 X 360 0 10 6 /100 X 360 21.6 11 0 /100 X 360 0 12 1 /100 X 360 3.6 Pie Charts Result From the two pie charts you can see that a newspaper has longer words than a magazine because there are larger chunks in the pie for longer words that the magazine. In the magazine article a four-lettered word and two-lettered word is used a lot compared to an eight or ten lettered word. The newspaper uses a ten-lettered word six times whereas the magazine only uses it twice. This proves my hypothesis is correct as I rightly predicted that the newspaper would have longer words than a magazine. I will further prove my hypotheses by drawing cumulative frequency graphs. This table shows the cumulative frequency of the magazine article. Letters Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 2 2 2 18 20 3 18 38 4 32 70 5 9 79 6 8 87 7 2 89 8 3 92 9 6 98 10 2 100 This table shows the cumulative frequency of the newspaper article.
The mean for the newspaper article is also higher then the magazine article. In the pie charts the newspaper pie chart has larger chunks for the longer words whereas the magazine article has larger chunks for the 2, 3 and 4 letter words. From the evidence I can see that my hypothesis is correct. Conclusion As you can see from the cumulative frequency graphs the median for newspaper article is higher than the magazine. The newspaper averages over 3 letters per word whereas the magazine only averages 3. I conclude that the newspaper has longer words than the magazine article and therefore my hypothesis is correct. Evaluation My results may be biased towards the newspaper because the article from the newspaper had more words overall and therefore there may have been longer words in each sentence. To improve my investigation I could have used a different newspaper and magazine. I could have also used two newspapers and two magazines to give me a wider range of results. I could have also extended my investigation and looked at which article had longer words in each paragraph. I correctly predicted the outcome so therefore my hypothesis was correct. I did not have time for my extension hypothesis but to further improve the investigation I could have looked at what has more words in sentences. Mustafa Yusuf
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