• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the argument that violence in media ought to be restricted on grounds of its negative effects

Extracts from this document...


Assess the argument that violence in media ought to be restricted on grounds of its negative effects Violence is defined as the act of purposefully hurting someone or oneself. It is a learned behaviour and Violence creates a cycle where we all end up affected in one way or the other. Violence represents acts in which a person gets hurt. It is an aggression to the dignity, integrity and well being of a person. A person could get hurt physically, psychologically, sexually or socially (The Editors, 1992, Increasing adolescent violence). The media represents all the means of communication, as newspapers, radio, films and television that provides the public with news, entertainment usually along with advertising. The question that is asked amongst many sociologists is whether or not this violence in the media does have negative effects on the behaviour of children. " Media violence is one of the key ingredients in the complex mix of factors that produce anti-social conduct." (Amitai Etzioni, "Lock up your TV sets", 1993). Concerns about negative effects and prolonged exposure to violent television programming emerged shortly after broadcasting began in 1946 (Craig A. Anderson and Brad J. Bushman). First, we must define the "negative effects" of children's behaviour. ...read more.


The number and frequency of violent acts and episodes were charted for a range of varying types of programme. Television drama emerged as highly violent in character, an average of 80 per cent of such programmes contained violence, with a rate of 7.5 violent episodes per hour. Children's programme, including cartoons, displayed an even higher level of violence, however killing was not portrayed as much. (Gerbner et al, 1979, Gunter, 1985). Another study that was conducted reanalysed over 200 existing major studies on television violence (Paik and Comstock, 1994). It concluded that although the various studies showed different degrees of influence, there is "a positive and significant correlation between television violence and aggression behaviour". Robinson also came to similar conclusions. Third and fourth grade students at two elementary schools were asked to report the amount of time spent watching TV and videos and playing video games. Students were challenged to abstain from watching television and video games for ten days, then asked to restrict TV-watching and video game playing to seven hours a week. Children were then asked to rate their classmates aggression at the beginning of the study (September 1996) and at the end of the study (April 1997). Robinson says there were about 2.5 per cent fewer reports of aggression in the test group than in the control group, (Robinson 1997). ...read more.


Randomised experiments indicate that exposure to violent or antisocial rap videos can increase aggressive thinking, but no research has yet tested how such exposure directly affects physical The impact of video games containing violence has recently become a focus of research because children are supposedly more susceptible to behavioural influences when they are active participants than when they are observers. To date, violent video games have not been studied as extensively as violent television or movies. The number of studies investigating the impact of such games on youth aggression is small, there have been none on serious violence. Even when it seems that there is clear evidence that a link exists between violence and aggressive behaviour, it is not a definitive fact. However it is important to watch this matter closely without ignoring that although the media violence is not the only cause of violent behaviour it has a great influence on it. When an individual is exposed to all the other factors and in top of it watches TV absorbing all the negative messages is a terrible combination. The society that we live in is stressful enough and the media is not doing much to help reduce that stress. We all need to remain open minded in trying to find solutions that will help the younger generation cope with this matter. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Audience and Production Analysis section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Audience and Production Analysis essays

  1. Free essay

    Advertisement comparative report.

    females, or like in one or two shots u might just see a female. Paragraph 8 M&S In the Marks & Spencer advert the music they use is well known I think they used this because it gives the audience a felling that Christmas is just moments away and it also gets them excited.

  2. Television and its effects and importance to, children

    in democracies is examined, the theories about newsmaking and the theories about media effects will be briefly discussed in other to be able to understand the "two-faced" place media has in today's society. In the book, "The newsmakers, the media's influence on Canadian politics", the author, David Tarras, points out


    We will consider some categories that represent strong public concerns such us media violence (both, fiction and reality portrayals), television influence on children, effects of pornographic images and the persuasiveness of media messages and information campaigns. American society is often reported to be one of the most violent in the world.

  2. Love Actually

    In Love Actually, one of the most prominent actresses is Martine McCutcheon. As has previously been noted, most public knowledge of Martine centres around her rags-to-riches story, which she epitomises both on-screen and in real life. Having skyrocketed to fame via Eastenders, naturally the press has taken a great interest in her.

  1. Violence in movies, television, and music is deeply affecting the minds of teenagers. There ...

    However, it is very likely that other factors also played a significant role. Teenagers develop violent behavioral patterns from their family and peers.

  2. Parents, Children, and TV.

    Moreover, it is common knowledge among psychologists that sex is an area of life that is laden with risk, and "most adolescents do not have well-developed risk assessment skills" (Ponton 1). Spurred-on by TV, teenagers are not only having sex earlier "but they are taking greater risks in this area" (Ponton 3).

  1. media studies biggie and tupac

    It makes the audience feel as if they are more attached and informed about the subject as they could relate to what they are seeing; a way of engaging the audience which I think is very effective in holding on to the audience's attention.

  2. Compare/Contrast the media reality and reality of family in two media texts

    He's really strict about who they are aloud to date. He lets the only boy date earlier then the girls were aloud to and he lets him get away with things. The cousin is a guy that wasn't successful in his life previously, but wants to fix it now.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work