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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Music
  • Word count: 2136

My Music GCSE Revision

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Film Music for COMPOSITIONS AND GENERAL KNOWLEDE AND LISTENING EXAM......:):(:):(:):( Fun fact: John williams is one of the world's famous film music composers of all time) notes:::::::::::::::::::::::::::>>>>>>>> Elements and Devices Syncopated Rythms Cross Rhytms (when rhythms cross each other) ...normally used to create tension Time Signatures: 2 3 4 5 5/4 is rare normally used in horror 4 4 4 4 For compuund signatures multiply by 3 Lietmotif: theme tune for a main character in a film. Ground Bass: Repeated ostinato going through the music Pedal Notes/Drones: A long held single note going throughout the music. Chords is a drone. Imitation: Copy or Canon imitating the music Repetition Sequence Structure ...Also look at vocab for devices that can go with film music e.g polyphonic and structure terms and sequence terms... Notes for the classical era: Wednesday 5th September 2007 The four families that make up a classical orchestra are brass, strings, woodwind and percussion. The family that was the most important in the classical era (1750-1820) was the string group. A symphony is a piece of music for orchestra in movements of contrasting speeds and keys. A concerto differs from a symphony because there is an instrument solo. The violin, piano, clarinet and trumpet are popular soloist instruments in a classical concerto. ...read more.

Middle

near the end to a bridge (transition) passage, which leads to the second subject. The second subject is in a new, but related, key, often the dominant (Sth) or relative major (If the first subject is m a minor key). The second subject is usually more tuneftd. 2. Development: Here the ideas are developed. It creates a feeling of tension and conflict. The climax may be in this section. 3. Recapitulation: The music is repeated from the beginning, but the second subject is now in the tonic. Finally, the music may have a coda (A direct translation is tail), which rounds off the music. The Concerto It contains a solo instment and an orchestra. There are three movements (slow, fast, slow). The first movement has a double-exposition. The fffst is for the orchestra alone, followed by the soloist. The second, with the second subject group in the related key. Then comes the development and the recapitulation, for both the orchestra and the soloist. Towards the end, the orchestra pauses, and the soloist plays a cadenza (a short passage,'based on themes heard earlier, which displays the brilliance of the player.) When the soloist finishes, the soloist ends with a trill, which signifies the orchestra should come in and finish off the piece. ...read more.

Conclusion

Passepied Part of a Suite Polychoral More than one choir Polyphonic More than one melody line Polyphony More than one melody line Polytonal More than one key at a time Prelude An opening piece Programmatic Tells a story Recitative A style which is a cross between singing and reciting Rhythm Refers to the beat either in a percussion line, or any other line Ripieno In a concerto: The rest of the orchestra Ritornello Italian for return, used to mean where a section returns Rondo Musical Structure: ABACADA etc. Sacred Religious Sarrabande Spanish: Part of a Suite, in slow triple time Secular Not religious Singspiel An opera in which singing is mixed up with the dialogue Sonata To be sounded (played) A work of several movements, for one or two instruments. Sonata form See 'Classical Music' Strophic Two or more verses set to the same music Subdominant Chord/Note IV Submediant Chord/Note VI Supertonic Chord/Note II Symphony Similar to a sonata, but for an orchestra. Syncopation An off-beat rhythm Tempo Speed Ternary Musical Structure: ABA Texture How 'thick' or 'thin' the music is Through-Composed Different all of the way through Timbre Type of sound given by an instrument Tonic Chord/Note I Tutti Means 'everyone' Look in blue music book to look for more terms ...read more.

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