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Differences between Health and Fitness

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Differences between Health and Fitness Health and fitness are an important part in everyday living. A good state of health enables you to cope with everyday demands of life in a physical, mental and social sense. It helps you to cope with emotional pressures and adapt to changing environments. Developing social skills is a huge part of being healthy enabling you to interact with new people from different classes and cultures. Fitness is a measure of the body's ability to complete activities necessary for everyday life effectively and efficiently. Fitness for sport however is often more specific and at a higher level. It has two main components being skill-related fitness based upon the neuromuscular system and determines how successfully a person can perform a specific skill. Health related factors are physiologically based and determine the ability of an individual to meet the physical demands of the activity. Both are required in al activities but the relative performance of each dimension may differ. There are six components to health-related fitness such as cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, speed, flexibility, body composition and strength-split into dynamic, explosive, and static. ...read more.


* Provide comparisons to previous tests to access improvement * Can be used to identify over training * Enhance motivation After each training session I will record my results and evaluate how I have done but also be critical about things in which I have not done so well in, allowing room for improvements. No matter how well you think you are doing there is always room for improvements in one way or another. I will also include physiological tests in particular measuring my heart rate before and after activity on the Carotid artery below the jawbone. I cannot measure vital capacity, as a breath volume bag is not available. The NCF Multistage Shuttle Run Test is the most often used maximal test in which you run a course 20m in length and are required to turn on the beep of the tape. These beeps gradually sound closer requiring the subject to gradually increase their pace. You drop out when you can no longer continue or keep up with the pace set by the beeps. I am going to use his test throughout my training programme, as I would consider it beneficial as well as a good test. ...read more.


> Stretches muscles and tendons reducing the risk of injury. > Increases metal arousal levels The warm up can be considered as a routine in itself. Often it is specific but a general warm up can be used: > Flexibility exercises at the start of a session > Pulse raising exercises such as jogging > Specific sport related flexibility exercises > Higher levels of exercise using the major muscle groups to maintain and/or raise the heart rate. > Skill exercises for your particular sport e.g. shooting for netball. The activity will be the determining factor as to how much time is spent on each activity in the warm-up period. Gymnasts might spend more time on flexibility, whilst runners might work on aerobic warm up exercises. Warm-Down This is often the forgetten part of a training session however it is important. Many o fhte exercises used in the warm up can be repeated for this. Once an intensive activity is stopped the body takes some time to respond to this. When the pumping action of muscle contracting stops, lactic acid remains in the muscles for longer, causing soreness and pain. This is known as blood pooling, commonly occurring in the legs. Gentle exercise is needed to ensure the body returns to a normal state. ...read more.

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