• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There are four basic principles applied in all training sessions to skill and fitness, these are;Specifity Overload Progression Reversibility

Extracts from this document...


Adam Garner 11A Principles of Training There are four basic principles applied in all training sessions to skill and fitness, these are; * Specifity * Overload * Progression * Reversibility Specifity The training must be specific to the sport or activity which means that it should concentrate on the particular needs for the sport during training. For example if you're a runner and you want to be specific to your sport its no good going and lifting weights as it will have little effect on your aerobic capacity. You should base your training on the type of fitness required and the particular muscle groups needed during your sport. If you aren't training for any specific sport and you just want to loose weight or improve overall look you should work on cardiovascular fitness exercises and moderate strength and resistance exercises. ...read more.


Progression This is closely related to overload in which the body adapts through overload. If the overload is increased in the wrong way then the body will not take too well to it and there will be no progression. This can be seen when a performer stops at the same level which is known as plateau. If the overload is increased correctly then progression can easily be seen as over time you start finding you can do the current training session without a struggle. This is when overload comes back into it as you have to apply the F.I.T.T principle again to progress any further. Reversibility This is the complete opposite of progression. ...read more.


If you find doing just the same old free weights a bit boring you could try the different machines as the can be just as successful if they work on the same muscle groups that your training for. To achieve the maximum out of training you should you must follow other guidelines, for instance if you want to achieve any level of fitness you must train 3/4 times a week at least 20 mins per session. The heart rate should rise between 60-80 % of maximum heart rate. Another rule is to not go out and do 7 days a week training as your body wont be able to hack it. The general rule following the F.I.T.T principle is go every other day ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Exercise and Training section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Exercise and Training essays

  1. Personal exercise programme - Like all martial artists I feel that I am ...

    Evaluating the sessions individually allowed me to make adjustments constantly throughout and to pin point the areas which were not gaining the full benefits I required. I felt certain that the theory of overload and progression was being put to efficient use in order to improve my level of fitness.

  2. Personal Fitness Coursework

    Flexibility training can be used to reduce joint injury by increasing the range of movement at a joint. It also allows is to use our strength through a full range of movement. Stretching... * Reduces muscle tension and makes the body feel more relaxed * Increase the range of movement

  1. AQA GCSE PE/Games: Fitness and training for a specific end

    Your heart rate and respiration rate should return gently back to normal 2. Lactic acid and other waste products are removed from your muscles 3. It helps to prevent muscle soreness, and aids recovery I need to work sensible, by setting up and using the equipment correctly, as my teacher will not always be supervising me.

  2. Football requires health and skill related components. The health related components I require

    on this aspect of my game as I feel that this is one of my strengths. Cardio respiratory endurance- is the ability to provide and maintain energy aerobically, in other words it is reliant upon the ability of the cardiovascular system to transport and use oxygen during continual exercise.

  1. Develop my self-disclosure skill

    this trust and openness creates a bond which serves to tie people together in an unseen, but very powerful way. These bonds have the potential to create incredible relationships, strong friendships. An ideal self-disclosure also can increase self-acceptance due to the acceptance by friends and others.

  2. The Principles of Training

    As a result of this, the athlete will gain in fitness and strength. This is how a training program works. Reversibility Reversibility is what I went through last November when I took time off training after I won the Nationals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work