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GCSE: Politics

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  1. Discuss the politics involved in deforestation.

    come to Brazil and some wished to come to extract raw materials and have support from the government. And local people need more land on which to grow crops. These developments were allowed to be done by the government so that they get money from the development and from the cash crops. (Source from Brazil 2000 video it is recent as it was made in 2000) From all these major development the government had to put policy, they have to save 50M Acres as environmental reserves. They changed 50 million acres of Amazon region into government property. Before the land was legalised it was controlled illegally.

    • Word count: 1173
  2. The Constitution Party

    Party leaders say more aggressive socialistic advance proposed by the Democrats is met by the philanthropic and moderate socialism of the Republicans. Some others of their specific doctrines are the cessation of legal abortion, eliminating all direct federal taxation, ending the use of federal funds to promote homosexual conduct, securing the U.S. borders, strengthening our national defense, supporting fully the second Amendment and ending the federal welfare system. These ideas area based upon the principles of government established by the Founding Fathers in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.

    • Word count: 911
  3. Write an essay comparing and contrasting Mexico and Argentina during the three quarters of the twentieth century.

    Diaz resigned on May 25, 1911 and went into permanent exile in Europe. Madero adopted a cautious policy on land reform leading Zapata to issue his Plan of Ayala in November 1911. Huerta seized control of Mexico City and had Madero murdered. Huerta's resignation further split the rebels into factions. The two rebel leaders, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata teamed up against Carranza but were unsuccessful. Carranza also headed the Constitution of 1917. Obregon was elected president in 1920. Obregon hoped to end the widespread violence, which existed in Mexico. Obregon was assassinated on July 17, 1928, at a dinner to celebrate his reelection.

    • Word count: 954
  4. Gandhi's beliefs.

    The satyagrahi must never exploit an opponent's weakness. satyagraha tries to see an opponent's point of view, and it is claimed to be successful only when both sides feel that they are winners. Satyagraha was Gandhi's greatest legacy to mankind. His method proved itself when India gained independence from British. As part of satyagraha, he promoted civil disobedience campaigns and organized a strike among Indian miners. He was arrested by the British, but his efforts brought important reforms. Gandhi also worked for the British when he felt justice was on their side.

    • Word count: 797
  5. How Successfully did Governments Deal with the Depression?

    This caused unemployment to rise steeply and remain an increasing problem, lasting up until 1940. Wages and prices were dramatically reduced as Keynes explains, "the deflation which causes falling prices means impoverishment to labour and to enterprise by leading entrepreneurs to restrict production, in their endeavour to avoid loss to themselves; and is therefore disastrous to employment." Having not been properly confronted during the depression by the National Government, shown by the deflationary policies adopted, this is a failure for the governments concerned. "Deflation does not reduce wages 'automatically.' It reduces them by causing unemployment" Keynes, puts this into context.

    • Word count: 1300
  6. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

    The children were the future, and the government didn't want a desperately low population. Being woken up in the middle of the night by the sound of bombs exploding would have been very scary to an adult, never mind a young child. The government knew that parents would have been worried about their children's safety if nothing were done. If a mother knew her child was safe, she would be able to focus on her own daily life. With the father away fighting, she may be free to work, and contribute to the war effort through such schemes as the women's land army without being distracted by worry.

    • Word count: 606
  7. What social and economic changes did the Communists introduce between 1949-1958?

    They also brought the outlying regions under firm Communist control. The Communists introduced a Marriage Law in 1950. This helped to end the injustice suffered by many women at that time. The Law included: - ? Abolition of arranged marriages ? Criminalisation of the killing of unwanted female infants ? Bigamy was made illegal ? Minimum age for marriage was fixed at 20 ? Husbands and wives now jointly owned property ? Divorce by mutual consent introduced ? Maternity benefit for mothers for two months after birth The Communists then decided to reform the land ownership system.

    • Word count: 1500
  8. Nelson Mandela & Apartheid.

    While working at the law firm Mandela met Guar Radebe, a prominent member of the ANC and Communist party. Radebe and other men involved in South African politics helped to change Mandela's political beliefs. Radebe believed that the ANC was 'the vehicle for freedom for black Africans'. ANC meetings were "lively with debate and discussion about Parliament, the press laws, rents, bus fares, etc". In 1943 Mandela joined the Alexandra bus boycott against increasing bus fares. This was a turning point in Mandela's life as he found the experience exhilarating and inspiring.

    • Word count: 1802
  9. To what extent was the Liberal election victory of 1906 caused by dissatisfaction with the Conservative Party?

    Was the electoral result a consequence of changing British values, or was it a result of Conservative blunders? There is no doubt that the various stratas of British society were all dissatisfied at some point with Conservative rule. The working classes in particular felt upset by the Conservatives over many issues. Chinese Slavery, the decision by the Conservative Government to send thousands of Chinese labourers to South Africa to work the goldmines to rebuild the economy after the Boer War angered many of the working class.

    • Word count: 1142
  10. Today in Great Britain, there is almost a total ban on civilian ownership of handguns, all except for .22 handguns, which are required to be kept at a gun club and antiques;

    For some reason when such things happen in America it is dealt with in a different way. There have been several occurrences in America concerning the massacre of civilians with the use of firearms. In July 1984, a deranged lone gunman killed 21 customers and employees at a San Sedro, California MacDonald's. In August 1986, a similar massacre occurred in an Oklahoma Post Office by a recently discharged postal worker, resulting in 15 dead. Other incidents may come to mind, or can easily be found in the press. When a dreadful disaster like this happens. The first thing that should be done is to see that this type of crime can never happen again.

    • Word count: 661
  11. Britain has a constitutional monarchy. The 'constitutional monarchy' is in which the monarch acknowledges the rights of the legislature and the executive branch of government1

    The first advantage is that the monarchy sets standards of citizenship, family life and general morality. The Royal family and the Queen can get more concern and respect than a elected head of state when they are involved in the activities and other organizations, in case of his or her special privileged and the non-partisan neutral position. So they are more expected to take part in the charitable activities or other organizations. Take Duke of Edinburgh as an example, he has been involved in about 800 organization, as well as he sat as first president of World Wildlife Fund - UK.

    • Word count: 1947
  12. Constitutional Monarchy

    The monarch is an impartial head of state and so provides a symbol of national unity and continuity. Much popular defence of the Monarchy focuses on its role in attracting tourism, or on the Queen's long experience knowledge of British and international politics which may be a valuable source of advice to governments and Prime Ministers. Another strand of argument, especially apparent in the debate on the Monarchy since the death of the Queen Mother, makes a sentimental case, arguing that the country needs emotion at its core.

    • Word count: 1142
  13. How do these three posters persuade men to enlist?

    The children's keen interest is emphasised by the small boy playing on the floor with toy soldiers. Again there is a lot of emotional pressure. All men who are or hope to be fathers want to be seen as strong, brave and fearless figures in the eyes of their children. Source C uses powerful imagery; Germany is illustrated as a "MAD BRUTE", a ferocious, destructive and immensely powerful giant ape-like creature. German culture is represented as a huge, violent weapon.

    • Word count: 2953
  14. How Significant An Event Was the Repeal Of The Corn Laws In The History Of The Conservative Party Between 1827-1874?

    No matter that the grant was merely being increased and used for educational purposes, the objection was still strong. Peel's decision to repeal the Corn Laws in 1846, while partly inspired by strong humanitarian feeling, proved the breaking point for many Conservative landowners who saw this as betrayal of their interests and principles. Agriculture was still felt to be economically the largest single industry, and to fail to protect the farming community was seen as undermining the strength of the country in an unacceptable way. A pledge of 1841 to maintain the Corn Laws in the next Parliament had been broken.

    • Word count: 1835
  15. What are the roles of political parties and how effectively do they carry this out?

    A function of political parties is to formulate ideas and policies to present to the electorate. The electorate will then vote for them depending on these policies thereby giving them a mandate to govern. This puts pressure on parties to come up with winning ideas. When formulating policies parties must balance both electoral and ideological considerations. They must remain populist and yet at the same time stay true to their ideals. If lean to far in either direction they will lose credibility and people will no longer vote for them. It is very important to maintain a balance between principal and populist because manifestos are what the electorate reviews parties and the electorate determines success or failure.

    • Word count: 1484
  16. To what extent does parliament protect Britain from an elective dictatorship?

    Within the House of Lords there are about 92 hereditary peers, which means that they are unelected. This is under much critisism especially at the moment as laws are trying to go through so that hereditary peers may be removed, as it is believed that they come from a privileged background and that they don't understand the real world that they live in so couldn't make the correct decisions regarding the country. However, it is these hereditary peers that do put a check on those in power as they are not joined to a political party it means that they are not influenced on decisions because of party loyalty that the MPs in parliament may be.

    • Word count: 709
  17. The Apartheid State and the struggle against it

    This is where Mandela's campaign for equality for Blacks began. This reason was not only important for him at the time, but it led to Mandela's ideas about a multi-racial South Africa, directing him towards the formation of the ANC Youth League; the Youth League being important because it was the most active sector of the party - it had the best chance of causing reform in South Africa. Another turning point in Mandela's life was the formation of the MK, or Spear of the People, when he realised that peaceful protest wasn't going to work (after seeing the Sharpeville and Langa massacres).

    • Word count: 1133
  18. Are we free? (Freedom)

    Some of these conditions mean that people have more freedom than they would if these laws were not implemented. The definition for liberty is 'Freedom from captivity, slavery, imprisonment or despotic control'. Personally, I consider myself free in this sense as I can go where I choose and am not under despotic control. However, many millions of people in the world still suffer from slavery and dictatorship and are slaves to the system. Another definition is 'The right or power to do as one pleases'.

    • Word count: 480
  19. Why did Delegates from 12 States Meet in Philadelphia in 1787

    As a result of the anger against the Stamp Act in October of the same year representatives from nine colonies met up in New York and drew up a "Declaration of Rights and Grievances". Within this document they denounced the Stamp Act as having a "manifest tendency to subvert the rights and liberties of the colonies". This shocked the British; the amount of tax they were asking for was far less than what actual British citizens were paying. Due to the diverse make-up of the American colonies and the differences in the cultures the British thought it unlikely that they would be able to work together in a "nationalistic" reaction to taxation policies.

    • Word count: 1101
  20. Post World War II French Political Development.

    The Fifth Republic's structure and stability are largely a result of the Fourth Republic's instability and structural difficulties. France's Fourth Republic that was inaugurated after World War II in 1946 was a time of turmoil and strife. It has the unenviable record of presiding over the decline of the French empire, and being ridden with political crisis and instability. Considering that in the twelve years of its existence there were 26 governments, this charge seems impossible to defend against. In its downfall, it nearly prompted a civil war in France over the question of Algeria. Yet there were reasons for constructing the Republic in the way that was to lead to so much instability, namely striking a balance between dictatorship and revolution, which had so often dogged French politics in the past.

    • Word count: 2035
  21. To what extent do the sources agree that Russian government policy on agriculture consistently failed and that peasants resisted it under both Tsarist and communist rule?

    Source 3 for example, states that collective farms were necessary as the policies before failed. This included both Tsarist policies and Lenin's NEP policy. Source 6 also supports this idea that the basic problems of agriculture were "inherited" showing that the policies did consistently fail as the agricultural problems even under Khrushchev in source 6 were blamed on previous governments. The bad crops and the broken equipment in source 4 gives the impression that the government policies failed and source 5 gives the figures to support this as it displays that the targets were not nearly achieved showing that the agricultural policies were a failure as they didn't reach expectation.

    • Word count: 815
  22. In 1919 the coal industry was in a good state as there was good trade with foreign countries and export in coal was high. The Miner's Federation thought that now was the time to push for higher wages and better conditions and standards for their miners.

    Also there were many wealthy land and mine owners and they would have not liked to see the nationalisation of the mines as this would have led to a loss in profit for them and they could have applied pressure on the government not to nationalise. The government did give the miners one thing, the Coal Mines Act of 1919, a six hour day which meant miners only mined for six hours a day, but the reality was different as this did not include the time taken to travel from the surface to the mine face and the way back

    • Word count: 1719
  23. How successfully did the liberal government attack poverty?

    They started by providing free meals at school for poor children. Next they provided compulsory medical checks for pupils, where any treatment thought necessary was recommended. This treatment, however, wasn't free until 1912. In 1908 The Children's Act was passed. This made children 'protected persons' so that if their parents mistreated them they could be prosecuted.

    • Word count: 413
  24. How repressive was Lord Liverpool's Tory government in dealing with the crises facing it in (1815-1821)?

    London Corresponding Society was one of the many societies set up as a result of the French Revolution. They wanted a free and fair election as well as denouncing of the monarchy. None of these ideas were new as intellectuals and writers had been discussing them for at least twenty years before the French Revolution. However, the novelty of the 1800s radicalism was that the extent of support for these ideas was now being shown by the working people. A Key figure in the introduction of the radical ideas was Thomas Paine.

    • Word count: 1995
  25. In 1919 the coal industry was in a good state as there was good trade with foreign countries and export in coal was high. The Miner's Federation

    Also there were many wealthy land and mine owners and they would have not liked to see the nationalisation of the mines as this would have led to a loss in profit for them and they could have applied pressure on the government not to nationalise. The Sankey commission was an investigation by the government, it looked into coal mining. It looked at how coal mining could be improved; it made some improvements which the government followed. The Sankey commission stated that the mines should be nationalised, to stop huge profits and improve safety, the government did not do this, much to the disappointment of the miners, who campaigned for nationalisation.

    • Word count: 2345

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