"Assess the impact of the German army on the political process in Germany between 1918-1933".

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“Assess the impact of the German army on the political process in Germany between 1918-1933”

The political processes in the years 1918-1933 were shaped both internally and externally by the army. This was because in a time so focused on the military the governmental processes seemed to follow suit. And it has been argued that this aggressive military stance was one of the early precursors of the Second World War. Many figured held a large influence in there areas including Alolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and other soldier turn politicians.

Externally the political processes of Germany were visibly shaped by the actions of the army. Yet, as the treaty of Versailles limited the army to 100,000 meant then there were many other militant groups affiliated with the army who took a leading role. Such groups included the Freikorps. The Spartacist Revolution which had aims similar to those of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, these made a change to the political environment through the use of political groups such as the USPD who provided a financial base for their claims. The Kapp Putsch followed in the same vein as this by exerting a force that was running counter to the workings of the Weimar republic. These external occurrences showed an increasingly popular distrust in the republic which can be seen in the translation of many of these movements been translated into political action through the newly formed USPD or German Communist Party (KPD). These outside actions were predominantly caused by the army or armed forces. Thus through creating a turbulent political environment with action groups predominantly on the right wing benefited.

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Events such as the Kapp Putsch and the Spartacist revolution watered the seed of thought growing in the German political movement that was bringing down the Weimar republic with the notion of communism. The effects of this influence can be seen reflected in the general elections in 1920. The coalition parties of the SPD, Centre and DDP which previously commanded 78% of the seats in the National Assembly now only held 45%, adding to the increasingly unstable political situation in Germany. It was this collapsing of the Weimar republic that allowed the rise of the Nazi Party, which held ...

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