• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Pluralism in domestic politics

Extracts from this document...


Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Pluralism It is difficult to give specific definition to pluralism because it consists of various ideas that are constantly changing together with the different societies. Pluralists consider the individual as the most important element in the society and protecting of his rights is fundamental characteristic of the theory. Locke points out that all people are created equal and their prerogative is to follow and maintain a moral code based on peace and equality (Laslett 1991). This essay will try to explore the different aspects of the pluralist theory and will attempt to explain to what extent the theory could be applied to practice. It will try to examine the flaws and the strengths of the theory in relation to different types of human nature and historic developments. The essay will conclude with arguments that suggest, that pluralism is the most advanced theory to attempt to examine and to affect the constantly evolving relations between individuals and states. Maybe the most problematic aspect of every theory including pluralism is the question about human nature. Locke portrays the individual as self aware, positive and independent minded. He creates an image of a righteous and strong person whose nature is generally peaceful, but whenever his freedom is threatened by an aggressor he "may destroy a man who makes war upon him" (Laslett 1991:279). ...read more.


The role and the power of the interest groups could vary in different societies, but there seem to be a constant interdependence between the well being of the society, the power of the interest groups and the power of the state. In Russia for example after the communism collapsed and democracy was implemented, theoretically there was a ground for the development of a modern pluralist society. But with a weak state under Boris Yeltzin the interest groups in Russia developed faster than the rest of the society and the competition of their interests didn't seem to work for the common good but rather against it. The role of the state at that time was to help empowering and enriching the interest groups with no regard for the needs of the society, which led to the financial collapse of the country. When Putin came to power he invited twenty-one of the country's new oligarchs to a Kremlin meeting to tell them to stay out of politics if they wanted to keep their status. Three years later he sent to prison Mikhail Khodorkovsky - Russia's richest oligarch on charges of tax evasion, grand theft, fraud, forgery, embezzlement and extortion. He and his company Yukos have been acting "as if they were sovereign powers"(Goldman 2008: 111) by signing a twenty-year oil-delivery contract with China and campaigning to build a pipeline through Siberia to China. ...read more.


The pluralist system has an advanced design, which works for the cultivation of the positive human side and tries to make the negative one work for a good cause, through constructive competition. The pluralist theory creates a sense in the individual that he is a co-developer in a commonly shared system and the nature and extent of the impact he has on it depends on his skills and determination. The theory recognizes that diversity in viewpoints and approaches is crucial to the functioning of the society and makes it possible for unity and individuality to coexist in the same time. The weaknesses of the pluralist theory come from the very same human nature where all the strengths come from. Negative human nature will be always present and will be always trying to infiltrate the system. Pluralist theory doesn't seem to address that fact. It doesn't seem to acknowledge the need of collective effort not only to compete and work for the common good, but also to identify and prevent negative human nature from working its way up the social and political ladder. The creation and development of pluralist system depend on the existence of certain type of individuals with the skills to become leaders and the qualities to act as a moral corrective of competing interests. Without such individuals no society can develop and sustain properly functioning pluralist system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Evaluate strengths and weaknesses of various voting systems regarding voting

    the election of a large number of representatives means the smaller parties have a greater chance of winning seats. Ideally, (if supporting PR), a whole country should be a single multi-member constituency. The voters can the vote for their favourite party and seats can be allocated to the parties on the basis of the numbers of votes each has secured.

  2. Using your own knowledge and the evidence of Sources 1, 3 and 5 what ...

    came into place. Parliament was angered by the fact that army officers such as Lambert had imposed the constitution, thus it lacked legitimacy. Although, the Instrument of Government made provisions for the civilian members, there was still a considerable amount of army influence.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Whoever has the most votes at the end of the process wins. The system is used: to elect the Mayor of London. Weaknesses: * SV suffers from all the disadvantages of AV. * Unlike AV, SV does not ensure that the winning candidate has the support of at least 50% of the electorate.

  2. WWI, The Twenty-One Demands and The May Fourth Movement

    With this object in view, definite proposals were presented to the Chinese Government in January of this year, and up to today as many as twenty-five conferences have been held with the Chinese Government in perfect sincerity and frankness. In the course of negotiations the Imperial Government have consistently explained

  1. Assess Mao's domestic policies

    mobilization of the peasantry and mass organizations, stepped-up ideological guidance and indoctrination of technical experts, and efforts to build a more responsive political system. These hasty actions would only emphasise China's incapability to maintain such production levels without the dependency on foreign aid, an issue which will lead to future conflicts and struggles.

  2. Compare and contrast the elitist and pluralist accounts of political power

    Geoffrey Ponton; Peter Gill, Introduction to Politics, 36. On the contrary elites would argue that key decisions are dominated by a minority and that whether deliberately or accidentally the elite will marginalise certain issues. Barrie Axford et all, Politics an Introduction, 119.

  1. Which major domestic and international factors made German unification possible?

    The failure of Honecker to recognise the need for change earned him a rebuke from Gorbachev who could see that the SED would have to become a reforming party if it was to retain control. It also lost him the party chairmanship as his colleagues ousted him.

  2. Politics A: Analysing Theories of the State and Individual - Evaluation of Pluralism.

    Pluralistic society is a liberal society where personal freedom exists, people are able to express and voice their opinions. Be it orally in writing or through the membership of organizations and participation in demonstrations. Traditionally this kind of action would be considered conspiracy against the state.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work