• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"China's economic liberalisation is leading to the emergence of new socio-political interests and will therefore result in democratisation." Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"China's economic liberalisation is leading to the emergence of new socio-political interests and will therefore result in democratisation." Discuss To understand why we have seen the emergence of social and political interests in China, I intend to briefly describe how the reform period changed work practices and institutions in nearly all industries throughout China. Next I will relate these changes to the rise in the number of politically active groups, businesses, and people. Finally I will discuss how these groups will change China and suggest some ideas as to what we may see in the future. The main engine behind the reforms in China since 1978 has been Deng Xiaoping. Deng believed the only solution to the problems that China faced in the late 1970's was to liberalise the economy. This was a means rather than an end though. He noticed the way China's neighbouring countries had benefited from allowing inward investment specifically and foreign trade in general. In the early 1980's, all the top politicians in China were required to read "The third wave" (Toffler), which set out a theory whereby developing countries could miss out industrialisation and move straight to the technological revolution and catch up with developed countries. ...read more.

Middle

Little has been said yet of the new middle class. That is because it draws from both urban and rural areas and is divided itself. The first people to take advantage of a more relaxed government line on production quotas in rural areas started to find themselves being able to sell grain to the government at the increased price as mentioned, but also surplus grain or other produce could be sold without much restriction on the local free market (which was sometimes an even higher price). Small villages began trading each others surpluses and the people making money became up to 5.9% richer than those who were not (according to an investigation by China Quarterly). In the city some of the people who lost their jobs or who had long been waiting for some freedom to do what they wanted began polishing shoes at the street corner or selling newspapers. Of these people, G. Barme and L. Jaivin said 'Perhaps a new force is gathering, an energy that can be directed towards social change. We must not underestimate them'. But these 'owner-operators' are not the only category that should be included in this new force. ...read more.

Conclusion

The same article however points out that there are a lot of politician 'wannabees' in China. It gives the example of a Beijing province in 1981, where 10,000 candidates were nominated for 316 seats. This would seem to contradict White's argument that Chinese people would not have time to vote. The general trend is one of diminishing totalitarianism - from Mao to Deng to Jiang - and this trend is likely to continue in 2002 when Jiang retires. There are a lot of people among the leaders that one would think do want to take the government towards a more open and accountable way of working that would perhaps eventually result in democracy. In addition to this there is an intense international pressure that cannot be ignored. China has been very accommodating in it's attempts to join the WTO, especially with their quick 'forgive and forget' of the bombing in Belgrade in April last year. Perhaps if the west continues to recommend democracy and help the CCP control over a smooth transition (which may include some financial help), then everyone can benefit from a strong, stable China in the future in the same way that they gain now from the U.S. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    The outcome of the First Five-Year Plan was relatively successful. By 1957, coal, pig iron, steel, cotton and chemical fertilisers had exceeded their set targets. But with this expanding industry, more people were moving out of the country and into towns and cities to find work.

  2. Pakistan's Political and Economic Development

    He was not very successful in implementing many of his policies and the country as a whole did worse than it did in the epoch of Ayub Khan.9 He tried to radicalize the capitalist orientated development of the previous decade, while trying to maintain the integrity and power of the

  1. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    This all looks very positive but the years of apartheid have caused strict import controls and high tariff barriers, which have made trade harder. There are problems with wages, which in turn lead to widespread strikes. The average white wage is 9 time s that of the average black, and

  2. How Much of Maos China is Left today?

    The government still limit the freedom of the people. For example, censorship is still a big issue in China. Crime and prostitution, which has increased due to the economic explosion in the big cities and coastal areas in China, is also a problem in Chinese society.

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of Chinese people since 1949 in ...

    However, by the time he died he had achieved stability that had not been present in China for 38 years (since the breakdown of the monarchy). He did this through a mixture of social reform, repression and terror. In 1950 he gave peasants ownership of the land they worked, drastically altering the political and social spectrum of China.

  2. A new democracy will face many difficulties in deciding its new Governmental structure.

    The Prime Minister can appoint and dismiss members of his Cabinet without Parliaments permission, as well as appointing members of the Judiciary through his power of patronage. This power, although levied by the Prime Minister, is as a proxy for a higher authority; in Britain this is the Monarch.

  1. Russia - political past, present and future

    And further isolation from Western Europe, which underwent a period of democratized political evolution, Russia continued functioning with a centralized government, which was even more devastating being practiced on such enormous territory. By the mid eighteen hundreds, Russia still did not achieve a crucial status that was performed in Europe long during the medieval period.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    Background Spoornet Spoornet is the world's biggest freight railway operator outside the United States. The company functions in 17 African countries at present and is expanding international interests. The countries include Swaziland, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon Spoornet predicts that volumes transported by rail on

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work