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Revision - Fairness and Justice. Rights and responsibilities as a British Citizen?

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Fairness and Justice

Key Terms

  1. Rights and responsibilities as a British Citizen?

Key term

Rights

Rights are in place to enforce laws, justice or morality

An example is Human Rights Act

Responsibilities

Responsibilities are something which you are responsible for or a rule

An example is that parents are responsible for their children

UDHR

This stands for Universal Declaration of Human Rights

This document is important because it helps create friendly relations between nations.

ECHR

This stands for European Convention of Human Rights

This document is important because it protects rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe.

HRA

This stands for Human Rights Act

This document is important because it gives further effect on UK law to the rights contained in the European Convention of Human Rights.

Civil Liberties

Civil liberties are the freedom of a citizen to exercise customary rights

An example of a civil liberty is freedom of speech

AI

This stands for Amnesty International

This charity is important because it works to protects people’s human rights around the world.

  1. How are citizens’ lives affected by the law?

Key term

Consumer Rights

Consumer Rights are rights that a customer has of a product or goods they have brought

Equal Opportunities

Equal Opportunities means people don’t get less opportunities because of their sex, religion etc. It gives everyone the same opportunity which makes them equal.

One law that helps everyone get Equal Opportunities at work is Sex Discrimination Act.

Prejudice

This means any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favourable or unfavourable.

One example of a type of prejudice is hiring someone over their sex but not how they work.

Discrimination

This means making a distinction in favour of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs to.

One example of a type of discrimination is if someone was Hindu and others were not people may exclude that person from sitting with them or going to parties with them.

Civil Law

Civil Law is the section of law which deals with divorce, separation and who gets custody of children etc.

3. How effective is the criminal justice system?

Key term

Definition

Police

Their job is to maintain Law and Order in each state.

Magistrate

Their job is to administer the law or justice of peace.

Two facts about Magistrates are they are volunteers and they are

Solicitor

Their job is give advice to their client and represents them in court.

Judge

Their job is to decide the sentence of the defendant.

Jury

The Jury is made up of 12 people.

Their job is to decide whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty.

Youth Offending Teams

Their job is making youths more responsible and to teach them about their actions.

Probation Service

Their job is to protect people who have just been released from prison and help set up a new live for them from prison.

4. Why does the media matter and how influential is it?

Key term

Media

This means communication which influences people widely.

One example is newspapers.

Censorship

This means restrict things that people can see.

One country that censors the Press is China.

Free Press

This means where you can publish or see anything.

This is important because it gives people the freedom of views or written views.

Press Complaints Commissions

Their job is considering complaints about the press and makes judgements about any complaint.

Tabloid paper

This is a smaller A3 size paper that provides gossip.

One example of a Tabloid is the Sun

Broadsheet

This is larger quality newspaper which provides much more business, stocks and shares information.

One example of a Broadsheet is the Telegraph

T.V.

T.V. Channels are funded in the following way:

      (a)     ITV: advertisements

      (b)     BBC: licence fee

Sentences

Examples of sentences that can be given in:

  1. Magistrates Court: fine up to 6 months
  2. Crown Court: 6 months up to life sentences

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