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Self Supported Study Into The British Political Parties. The labour party Historic overview of the party

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Laura Dawson Self Supported Study Into The British Political Parties. The labour party Historic overview of the party The labour party was formed from the trade unionist and socialist movements in the 1900s. it begun as a pressure group movement but soon developed into a political party. It won its first seats in 1906 and the first government was 1924-1931. The won the post second worlds war elections on the policy to promote change form the conditions of the 1930s promising to remove want, squalor, disease, ignorance and unemployment. In the government that followed they created the national health service. After they were removed from government they became more liberal embracing the more radical ideas. They were next elected to government in 1964-70. In 1974 they won a 'wrong way round' election where they have more seats than the conservatives yet received more voted. They were again removed from power by a land slide victory in 1979. The structure of the party The party has a strict constitution that is the base of the party structure and organisation as well as conduct. The party can amend this constitution to its choice. Also the labour parties is a broad group of people and unlike the conservative party has many functions and interests, outside the house of commons. Election of the leader This system of one member one vote means that every member of the party who is the annual conference has the ability to vote for the leader it is the same one that is used for the liberal democrats. A nation-wide poll of the party members decides the leader . How are the policies are made? ...read more.


They were elected again in t 1951 and had 13 years of unbroken rule. Until 1964, where labour won by a majority of only 4. They were in and out of power for the next decade, until Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister in 1979 and remained so until 1990, whereby John Major takes over the leadership of the conservative party, they remain in government until 1997 when they are again ousted by a large labour majority of 179 seats, a similar situation remains today with labour retaining a majority of 166, in the house of commons. Post war consensus After the post second world war elections the conservative governments of Churchill, Eden, Macmillan and Douglas-Home accepted the policies made by the post war labour government, although they may not of agreed on a whole a party to the electorate they appeared to be united on the policies of higher education for all; developed welfare state e.g. introduction of NHS; nationalisation of industries, e.g. coal, steel etc.; government intervention in the economy and a corporatist style of government (with the inclusion of pressure groups e.g. trade unions in policy making) The conservatives under Thatcher Thatcher was the first women leader of the conservative party. She decided to as leader to challenge the idea of the 'post war consensus'. She felt that the most important thing was low inflation so that people would be encourages to buy, over the levels of unemployment. She privatised many of the nationalised industry raising capital for the country in the process. She rejected the role of pressure groups in policy making. She even tried to intervene with the role by the welfare state, although she was unsuccessful in this. ...read more.


His ideas means than he wants a strong emphasis on individuals and rights. More extensive and radical constitutional reform than the labour party. And increase in the importance of local democracy over the nation level. A higher degree of redistribution of income through tax. Retaining the mixed economy of the UK. Equality on education. Pro European attitude and keen importance on the environment. How policies are made The policies reflect the merged parties methods. There is a strong federal structure for policy making as well as nation-wide conferences which is where the most of the policies are made. The liberal democrats are proud of this system as there is a greater emphasis on the party as a whole deciding on issues rather than the leader of certain individuals that have been the criticisms of both the labour party and the conservative parties. How the leader is elected The leader is elected on the same way as labours is. The one member one vote system seems to be a fair one as it prevents some votes meaning more than the others. I.e. the members will have the same vote regardless of position within the party. Like labour the vote takes place at the annual party conference. Conclusion The liberal democrats have had little time to change and develop as they have only recently been formed. Their policies have remained similar throughout the years since its development. However it should be noted that the liberal democrats have strong influences from its predecessors, and this remains the foundation of the party to this day. The only major sense which the party has developed is it no longer is viewed as the 'middle party' with some of its views more to the left of labour as labour and the conservatives move ever so much closer together. ...read more.

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