• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10

A Bully

Extracts from this document...


A Bully By Any Other Name: Is Relational Aggression a Gender Issue? Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effect that gender plays on bullying. It was predicted that girls were bullies just as much as boys were. Also, that girls bullied differently, girls used mental and social type bullying tactics such as name calling whereas boys were more apt to use more physical tactics. Finally, it was theorized that girls were more likely to engage in relational aggression. However, during the course of this study it was found that girls were not more aggressive than boys are. Also, boys were found to use mental and physical tactics more than girls according to the statistics in this study. Overall, it was found that boys were more likely to be the aggressor, rather than girls that was assumed in the beginning of the study. Introduction In the present paper, the role gender plays into bullying is investigated. It is hypothesized that girls are bullies just as much as boys are. Furthermore, it is also hypothesized that girls are more apt to use mental and social bullying tactics (also known as relational aggression), whereas boys use more physical type aggression tactics. In conclusion, it is theorized that girls are more likely to engage in relational aggression than boys. The APA Briefing Sheet on Bullying defines bullying as aggressive conduct which is intended to cause harm or suffering, which happens habitually overtime, and occurs in a relationship in which there is an imbalance of power or strength (2007). Bullying can take a variety of forms, including physical aggression, teasing and name-calling, threats, and social isolation (APA Briefing Sheet on Bullying, 2007). Bullying can be connected to scare tactics used against racial and ethnic minorities, gay, lesbian, and bi-sexual youth, and persons with disabilities (APA Briefing Sheet on Bullying, 2007). Relational aggression among girls can consist of : secret-telling, spreading rumors, alliance-building, isolation, exclusion from social groups and activities, verbally insulting, backstabbing, and using hostile body language (i.e., eye-rolling and smirking). ...read more.


Data preparation was used first. This entailed reading the questionnaires, making notes on particular areas of interest; entering the data onto a computer and transforming the data into tables and graphs. The qualitative results from the questionnaire was calculated and categorized and assembled accordingly into groups. Secondly, descriptive statistics was used to describe the basic features of the data in this study. This expressed what the data showed and gave simple summaries about the sample of teens. The final method was the use of inferential statistics which the researcher used to reach suppositions that reached beyond the data alone. The researcher used the Likert Scale to score the eighteen (18) multiple choice questions. The five-point scale was used because the data collected was ordinal. Each interval between each of two choices would be exactly the same. The scale was used as follows: one (1) for ?never?, two (2) for ?almost never?, three (3) for ?sometimes?, four (4) for ?frequently?, and five (5) for very frequently?. The questions three (3) through eleven (11), which dealt with male bullies, were evaluated on the above referenced scale. The median was calculated for each question for statistical analysis purposes. (See Table #1) Median Ratings of Questions about Male Bullying Table #1 Q3 Q 4 Q5 Q 6 Q 7 Q 8 Q 9 Q 10 Q 11 median 3 3.5 4 2 3.5 2.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 Questions three (3), which dealt with harassment from male peers received a median score ?sometimes?. Question four (4), invalid criticism, acquired a median score halfway between ?sometimes? and ?frequently?. Isolation, question five (5), garnered a ?frequently? for the median score. Question six (6), which dealt with humiliation from male peers, obtained a median score of ?almost never?. Being singled out for being different by male peers; question seven (7) received a median score in the middle of ?sometimes? and ?frequently?. Question eight (8), dealt with physical threats, received a median score in the middle of ?almost never? ...read more.


I believe that statistics from actual cases from mental heath facilities could answer the question of how many students end up with mental issues later on in life. Due to the private and painful nature of the suicide issue, I believe reviewing newspaper and coroner reports would be one way of researching this issue. The rest of the questions could be answered with observation or the test-retest method of surveying. The conclusions that I can draw from my research are that bullies are a fact of life in today?s childrens lives. This could be used as a larger hypothesis to study how much bullying occurs on a daily basis in any given class room. Another conclusion I can draw from my response is that respect and tolerance is on the decline. It could be used for a lager hypothesis to study how family values, such as respect and tolerence , are on the decline. There was a three part hypothesis in the beginning of this paper. First was, girls are bullies just as much as boys are. This proved to be true . Secondly, girls use mental tactics, whereas boys use physical ones. This hypothesis proved not to be true in this particular study. I think this proved untue because of the ages of the respondents . If the respondents of my survey had been primary or secondary school aged children, I feel there would have been a different outcome .They may have remembered more same-sex bulling incidents than opposite-sex bulling incidents. The low number of respondents that I had to complete the survey could also be a variable in why this theory was not proven true. Lastly, it was theorized that girls are more aggressive than boys. This a proved untrue. In this study both genders came out equal as far as aggression was concerned. This could have been proved not true because of the low number of survey participants. I also believe the reticience of males to admit they have been bullied by a female could have skewed the results. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Research Methodology

    The best form of sampling is random sampling. This is considered to be the "gold" standard because it "minimizes bias, error, and study findings can be generalized to other populations (Nokes & Nwakeze, 2006).

  2. Advertizment analysis

    If the buyers remember the advert, the sale is going to increase. There are plenty of adverts in the magazines and that�s why the companies outrun in doing the adverts in such a way that they catch the sight of the buyers.

  1. How do we define Helping Behavior?

    Refer to Fig.3, we hypothesized that there should be more helping in the test group. However findings showed that people seemed to be equally helpful in both situations. If we do not think the finding are reflecting the reality, we would conclude that there was an increase or a

  2. Critical Appreciation of Wollheim, R., and

    However, it may have implications for a variety of other fields including anthropology, semiotics and artistic creativity. Wollheim successfully and systematically maps the work of Freud providing a chapter-by-chapter account of Freud's most influential and crucial theories. The first chapter entitled 'The First Phase' explores the beginnings of Freud's theories

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work