• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and Evaluate features of one approach to Psychopathology

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe and Evaluate features of one approach to Psychopathology Psychopathology is the study of psychological disorders, their natures and causes. One approach to psychopathology is the psychodynamic approach; literally an approach that explains the dynamics of behaviour-what motivates a person. Freud suggested that unconscious forces and early experience are the prime motivators. There are some key features to this methodology, the first being that when you repress memories for too long and do not deal with them you can develop psychological disorders known as neurosis. These can manifest as panic attacks, hysterical behaviour, phobias, compulsive or obsessive behaviour. ...read more.

Middle

. Freud believed that the mind was made up of an id- unconscious mind, ego-conscious mind and the superego- imposes a moral standard to our thoughts. The id contains Eros and Thenatos. This is the life and death wish. Abnormal behaviour was seen as being caused by these underlying psychological forces, sometimes originating from childhood experiences or an underlying conflict between id and superego. If this is not managed then the person might develop a psychological disorder. The psychodynamic model of abnormality aims to treat mental illness by making the unconscious conscious, through the use of psychoanalytic therapy. ...read more.

Conclusion

The interpretations of what is wrong are bases on the therapist's opinions, these could change between each therapist and there is no distinct plan to follow. It is also very difficult to test childhood memories because the parents are not reliable and the patient's memories could be influenced by the therapist. Therefore their memories cannot be accurate to suggest fact. It also criticises parents for their child's ill mental health. The only research method for this approach is to study cases from past therapists. Some other limitations where that Freud's approach was considered sexists as he only concentrated on males as women were not seen as equals in Victorian times. However Freud himself accepted that his theory was less well developed for women. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

5 star(s)

Response to the question

This is a question to describe AND evaluate. The question therefore carries more marks than a question with only one command word. To score highly, the candidate must demonstrate a profound knowledge of one approach to psychopathology through detailed exploration ...

Read full review

Response to the question

This is a question to describe AND evaluate. The question therefore carries more marks than a question with only one command word. To score highly, the candidate must demonstrate a profound knowledge of one approach to psychopathology through detailed exploration of techniques and contextual background information; they must also show an ability to successfully evaluate the approach with at least two strengths and two limitations. This candidate has done very well to include all of the above and has completed the required question objectives to a high standard.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis is entirely indicative of a very able Psychology student. Not only have they chosen one of the hardest psychopatholocial approaches the describe and, they have balanced a very effective evaluation of both practical issues with using Freudian Theory. It may have served the candidate in good stead to have presented both a practical and an ethical issue when discussing the approach's limitation's, rather than two practical issues (not regarded as hugely scientific; hugely unreliable anecdotal evidence in the form of childhood memories), but nonetheless, the evaluation earns top marks for discussing valid reasons as to why Freudian Theory might raise issues in Psychopathology. The description is extremely well-detailed, with plenty of background into how Sigmund Freud imagined the human mind and it's division (Id, Ego, Superego), though there could've been more emphasis on the roles of these parts of the psyche and when, during development, they come into play (the Ego for, instance, isn't developed until a child is of about 7-8 years of age, and the Superego doesn't present itself until the very early teens). There could've also been a bit more description of how these three sections of the human mind interact with each other, with a real life example given to illustrate the innate desires of the Id, the control of the Ego, and the moral high ground the Superego observes from. However, a candidate may not be expected to cover this much in description alone as it would press time to evaluate the approach. As a final note, a few more specialist terminology like retrospective, memory reconstruction, operationalisation, researcher bias and leading questions, for example.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication is fine. There is little diversion from the standards of GCSE punctuation (full stops, commas) so a lot more variety and confidence with punctuation wouldn't go amiss. The spelling of what specialist terminology there is is consistently accurate and there are no grammatical errors made.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 23/02/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I will evaluate and explain the Social Learning Theory (SLT), which ...

    5 star(s)

    This makes it difficult for them to determine a cause-and-effect relationship. Replicability * It is difficult for the study to be replicated as the situation being researched is not likely to occur more thanonce. Ethics * Protecting the participants from harm is important for natural experiments, especially if the experiment

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast two psychological perspectives I am going to research the psychodynamic ...

    3 star(s)

    His theory is defiantly not scientific, which can be determined by other scientists as inaccurate. However Cognitive psychology has much strength as it is said to be the dominant approach these days. In comparison it researches them by using allegedly more accurate scientific methods.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Research Methodology

    Observation can be defined as the process of data collection via a visual observation of people experiencing the phenomenon (Doordan, 1998). Traditional research focuses on conducting studies that are not concerned with cultural influences. Multicultural research involves dealing with countries that have different languages, economies, social structures, behavior, and attitude patterns.

  2. Critically evaluate the psychodynamic approach.

    This can be shown in shouting at parents or after a bad day you have a go at someone because you have bottled everything up. Sublimation is diverting emotions onto something or someone else in a socially acceptable way, for example some people paint, some punch cushions and some go

  1. A Study of Freud and Jung on the Values of Religious Belief.

    Freud also saw religion as a dangerous force that needed to be overthrown. Jung objected to these points and made his own observations to replace Freud?s. To Jung, religion was not a threat or dangerous force, it was a natural occurrence in the human mind which came from the archetypes within.

  2. Anti-social Behaviour Coursework

    > Social Learning Theory can account for cultural and individual variation; it can also explain why we behave aggressively in some situations and not others. * For example, a child might find it a useful strategy to shout at a friend in the playground, but the same behaviour in class would be sharply discouraged.

  1. Personality Psychology

    This person as a child was probably given conditional love had a role model who was raised on conditional love or both. There was a standard to be met and if it was met there was acceptance and reward; if the standard wasn't met then there was neither reward nor acceptance (Funder, 2001).

  2. Critically Evaluate Freud's Theory.

    claim Freud's evidence flawed due to lack of an experiment, the lack of a control group and lack of observation that went unrecorded. In addition, (Holt 1986) found fault with the demographically restricted sample of individuals on which Freud based the majority of his data and theory.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work