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How do we define success? Discuss with reference to the work of Alfred Adler.

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´╗┐In our culture we tend to glamorize success, especially when it's hard-earned or beats the odds: individuals who succeed despite great obstacles; people who profit from courageous business ventures; those who rise to fame because they persevere; and some whose great talents become recognized. We also celebrate those who lived through traumatic circumstances that have, in some cases, taken the lives of others. There are also less visible but significant successes, relative to the achievements of others, such as maintaining a profitable business when competitors are failing, keeping your job when your colleagues are laid off, or having a pleasurable and secure connection with someone when your friends are lonely and unattached. In any case, there can be a price that comes with success. Success can be calculated in a variety of ways, and achieving one's ideals is a primary way in which it can be measured. ...read more.


We start as a weak and helpless child and strive to overcome these deficiencies by become superior to those around us.? He called this struggle a striving for superiority, and like Freud's Eros and Thanatos, he saw this as the driving force behind all human thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. For those of us who strive to be accomplished writers, powerful business people, or influential politicians, it is because of our feelings of inferiority and a strong need to over come this negative part of us according to Adler. This excessive feeling of inferiority can also have the opposite effect. As it becomes overwhelming and without the needed successes, we can develop an inferiority complex. This belief leaves us with feeling incredibly less important and deserving than others, helpless, hopeless, and unmotivated to strive for the superiority that would make us complete. ...read more.


More compensate by becoming good at something else, but otherwise retaining a sense of inferiority. And some just never develop any self esteem at all. Patients with shame often sense their own inner value and self esteem in temporary ways. There sense of permanence is easily disrupted. Their attachments are often vulnerable to feedback from others and there is frequently ongoing fear of connecting. The therapists repeatedly helps the patient distinguish shame from one's essential being. This is accomplished by empathically affirming, in a nonjudgmental way, that all aspects of the patient's experience can be viewed without a background of shame. The patient learns that the scarred sol is not shame itself, and that it is possible to emerge from a shame stat to a welcoming community. In addition, one can draw that Every person has inferiority feelings whether he will or can admit it. Adler says that since the feeling of inferiority is regarded as a sign of weakness and as something shameful, there is naturally a strong tendency to conceal it. ...read more.

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