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“Calvinism changed religious practices in general more thoroughly than Lutheranism did in Germany” Explain why you disagree or disagree with this statement.

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"Calvinism changed religious practices in general more thoroughly than Lutheranism did in Germany" Explain why you disagree or disagree with this statement. It is likely the Calvin did change religious practices more thoroughly but under the conditions at the time it was possibly easier for him to do so. Calvin realised it was the structure of the church that and the way it related to the community, this being the way in which he concentrated reform of the church. Luther on the other hand concentrated on reforming the abuses of the Catholic Church. Calvin changed the church in a variety of ways. Calvin wrote the Institutes of the Christian Religion part to prove that evangelical religion need not give rise to Anabaptism. Lotherington believes it was "the single most important book to be written by any of the Protestant reformers". This book provided the basis for Protestant thinking, with Calvin announcing it as the basis for the teaching of the Christian religion. Calvin had therefore impacted upon religion more greatly on than Luther as it was Calvin's book that was being widely used as a systematic statement for Protestant thinking. ...read more.


All these offices show how Calvin intended the church to be thoroughly organised, with each in someway supporting the other. The Consistory court was where the lay elders joined with the pastors to supervise beliefs and morals. They dealt with problems such as dancing, failure to go to church and adultery. The grabeau wad a session of mutual criticism where each man could criticise others, but most importantly hear the criticisms of his fellows. The consistory court and grabeau gave Calvinism the institutional strength that Lutheranism lacked. Lutheran pastors had no similarly effective way of disciplining their congregations and they themselves were rarely checked they were doing their duties. Calvin's most important achievements involved the organisation of the church and city, modelling the social organisation entirely on Biblical principles. He created a leadership structure, and a catechism designed to impose doctrine on all members of the church. He proposed a strict moral code on the citizens of Geneva, derived from a literal interpretation of Scripture. Luther also made a great impact to the church in Germany itself. ...read more.


This would have therefore allowed him to concentrate on making his own reforms rather than joining the disorganised squabbling of other reformers. Luther developed the central doctrine of what was to be called Protestantism whilst Calvin developed it to work with society successfully. Luther may also have not been able to change the church as greatly because it still remained very much Catholic and at the time Protestantism hadn't spread widely around Europe. Luther also faced opposition from the Holy Roman Empire, which generally opposed the changes, which he desired. When Calvin began making reforms the Reformation had therefore gained momentum. Overall it's not entirely fair to make a direct comparison between Calvin and Luther. Luther may not have changed the church practices as much as Calvin but he instigated a break away from Catholicism and its spread around Europe. On the other hand Calvin's changes to the church were far reaching into society and by the 16th century and with Geneva being the most important Protestant centre of Europe. I do though think that Calvin's changes in Geneva were more thorough than Luther's in Germany. ...read more.

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