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Describe and explain the central features of infant and believers' baptism.

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Introduction

Describe and explain the central features of infant and believers' baptism - AO1 Many people of many religions practice baptism. The word baptism originates from a Greek verb meaning to plunge under water, Baptizien. John the Baptist may have been influenced by the Essenes, who were a group of Jews, based in Qumran, from the first century who wanted to remain ritually pure, so practiced ritual bathing. Baptism may well have roots in the Jewish ritual bath, or Mikvah. John also used the Jewish ritual bath, but they had different meanings, for john it was to forgive the sins of people and for a sign of repentance. When Jesus was baptised, a new meaning of baptism was seen. The father chose Jesus and the Holy Spirit anointed him for his role as messiah, this was a theophany. Jesus according to the end of Matthew's gospel instructed his disciples: "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father and of the son and the holy spirit," (Matthew 28:19) even though according to the gospels Jesus never baptised anyone. In the new testament there follows a series of baptisms: Pentecost 3,000 baptised (acts 2:37-41); Paul (acts 9:18); the Ethiopian eunuch (acts 8:26-40); Cornelius and his household (acts 10:47-48); Lyndia and her household (acts 16:15); Paul's jailer and his entire family (acts 10:33). ...read more.

Middle

White Garment The candidate either arrives dressed in white or is dressed in white after the baptism. The white garment is specifically referred to in Orthodox, Catholic, and Anglican churches. "You have clothed yourself in Christ." The custom of the white garment has been practiced since the early days of Christianity. In the Catholic rite, they understand the white garment to mean new life in Christ and freedom from sin. Oil (pure olive oil or with added perfume) This is generally only used by Orthodox or Catholic traditions. In the Orthodox Church, the oil is added to the water, then poured over the person getting baptised. Candidates in both churches are anointed in the oil in various parts of their bodies. Usually on the chest, head, eyes, nose, mouth, hands and feet. The oil is poured over and rubbed in and it symbolizes protection from evil and becoming more like Christ. That's where the name anointed one comes from. The smell of Christ is recognized by the added perfume. Scripture Reading and Homily In every church at the celebration of God's word a gospel passage is read e.g. Jn.3:1-6; Mt.28:18-20; Mk.1:9-11; Mk.10:13-16. A minister gives a short homily after the reading, maybe about baptism or about the reading he has just gave. ...read more.

Conclusion

They believe that the family is needed to baptize the child. They believe that if the family does not believe then they will deny the child the right to be part of the family of faith-the church. For Baptists a personal response to the Holy Spirit must be made before baptism, often giving a public testimony. As stated above they believe baptism to be symbolic , and not sacramental. Believers vs. infant baptism Baptists argue that an infant getting baptized is not mentioned in the New Testament, while most other Christians maintain that it is. They sight texts that write about infants being denied their mothers breast before Baptist, Clearly referring to infant baptism. What does Baptism mean to me and why was I baptized? Baptism in my eyes means a lot. It is the acceptance into the church and its shows my faith in God. Baptism is the same word as christening, so if I weren't baptized then I wouldn't have any real name and I wouldn't be able to go to heaven. In my eyes baptism gives me a name in the church and something for people to know me by. My parents brought me to the church to get baptized because they wanted to be part of the family of faith, and at the church they passed the faith onto me. Religious Studies Baptism Mark Reynolds ...read more.

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