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How far have the theories of the modern sciencetists about the origin of the universe strengthened the case for the existence of God?

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Introduction

How far have the theories of the modern scientists about the origins of the universe strengthened the case for the existence of God? The cosmological argument is the argument that the existence of the world or universe is strong evidence for the existence of a God who created it. The existence of the universe, the argument claims, stands in need of explanation, and the only adequate explanation of its existence is that it was created by God. The cosomological argument states; Everything that exists has a cause of its existence, the universe exists so therefore it has a cause, if the universe has a cause of its existence, then that cause is God. This then concludes that God exists. The vast advancements of Science through scientific theories about the origins of the universe could be said to have strengthened the Cosmological argument for the existence of God, however this could also be challenged and could be used to weaken the argument for the existence of God. One of the theories put forward, was the Steady State theory. This theory denies that the universe has a beginning. ...read more.

Middle

People can understand this theory from two points. Some would go on to say that it was a deliberate action by God and therefore the Big Bang is divine, thus strengthening the argument for the existence of God. However some would take another route such as athiests and go on to say that it was not divine and does not verify the existence of God, as it all occurred by chance. Thus, weakening the argument for the existence of God. Polkinghorne went along the lines of believing that the Big Bang was created by God and was not a random event as even a minute change could may even result in an explosion. He went on to say that, 'we should look to God's existence as an aid for understanding why things have developed in the physical world by the manner that they have.' Polkinghorne claimed that religion and science were intellectual cousins, religion asks why? And science asks hows? Therefore both religion and Science are working to discover the origins of the universe, but from two difference perspectives. The so-called Kalam argument highlights the sequence of cases that resulted in our world cannot be infinite, since infinity in face cannot be known or concieved. ...read more.

Conclusion

This could be example could then be used for the existence of God, even though we cannot prove that he does exist, we can understand the existence of God and thus conclude that he created the universe. In conclusion, I feel that Science does strengthen the case for the existence of God in some respect through cosmology. Although, the Cosmological argument does need more than Scientific theories in order for it to be successful. The design argument as Davis suggests could be some evidence along with the Cosmological argument to prove the existence of God. Stephen Hawking went onto say 'an expanding universe does not preclude a creator, but it does place limits on when he might have carried out his job.' From this I feel Science leaves the door quite open and does not go further due to limitations within it as God is ineffable, Human beings and Science can only explain so much as we do not have ability to explain everything. Thus, scientific theories could be used to strengthen the existence of God through Cosmology but only so far. In order for the Cosmological argument to succeed several arguments also need to be considered. For example the Design argument. 1 Neesha Parmar Mrs Lockyer ...read more.

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