• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In some religions pilgrimage is not an important commitment for all believers, in Islam it is essential. The Hajj, the Pilgrimage to Makkah, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam on which the faith is tested

Extracts from this document...


Religious Studies Coursework What is a Pilgrimage? Most religions have sacred places and when believers go to visit these places we call the believers 'pilgrims' and the journey 'a pilgrimage.' In some religions pilgrimage is not an important commitment for all believers, in Islam it is essential. The Hajj, the Pilgrimage to Makkah, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam on which the faith is tested. 1. Describe a visit to Makkah. The Holy City of Makkah is in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in the Middle East. Makkah lies inland 73 kilometres east of Jiddah, the place where the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the founder of Islam, was born. This was the place where God's message was first revealed to him and the city to which he returned after the migration to Madinah in 622 AD. Muslims face Makkah during their daily prayers, as instructed to by their Lord. One of The Five Pillars of Islam, key tenets; is a pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in a Muslim's life. This is Pillar of Islam known as Hajj. Due to these reasons, approximately two million Muslims arrive in Makkah during the last month of the Islamic calendar for the Hajj. They seek to please their Lord and repent for forgiveness for their past life. Muslims can also go to Makkah throughout the year and perform Umrah, which is similar to Hajj, if they are unable to go when Hajj specifically takes place. ...read more.


This is called the Tawaf. As they arrive they cry out to respond to the call to come and dedicate their lives to God. If the Pilgrims can get near the Black Stone they will kiss it or touch it, but if it is impossible due to the vast number, they shout and raise their arms in salute each time they go past. The Ka'bah The Ka'bah is known as Baitullah, the House of Allah. It is a plain cube-shaped building made of blocks. Muslims claim it to be on the site of the oldest shrine to God on earth, built originally by the first man Adam. Later it was abandoned and broken down, but Ibrahim and Isma'il were shown the foundations and rebuilt it. When the prophet captured Makkah he broke up the idols of 360 other 'gods' that had been placed there. Al-Kiswah The Ka'bah is covered by a huge jet-black cloth known as the Kiswah. There is a different one every year, because at the end of Hajj it is cut up into pieces and given to the pilgrims as mementoes of the greatest moment of their lives. The rim of gold lettering round the cloth is usually sewn by specially chosen men in a factory just outside Makkah. The Black Stone This is an oval boulder about 18cm in diameter, set in the south-east corner of the Ka'bah, which marks the start of the walk encircling the shrine. It is encased in a silver frame. ...read more.


As dawn approaches there is another mass standing before God, and the pilgrims depart for Mina just before dawn breaks. The Unfurling The remainder of the pilgrimage is called the unfurling. * When the pilgrims arrive at Mina, they hurl pebbles at the pillars to symbolize their rejection of the Devil and his works. * Next, on 10 Dhul Hijjah, the Feast of Sacrifice (Id-ul-Adha) begins. The pilgrims all camp at Mina for two o three days of the feast. Every pilgrim must sacrifice an animal. * The Saudi authorities the freezing and disposal of the carcasses. Nowadays, with about two million pilgrims, it is impossible for all the meat to be eaten immediately, even if it is distributed among the poor. * After the sacrifice, the men have their heads shaved and the women cut off at least 2.5cm of their hair. At this point the Ihram ends. * The pilgrims then return to Makkah for another encircling of the Ka'bah. The final events are enjoyed in the holiday spirit. Many go back to Mina for a period of rest and recovery. * Finally they return to Makkah for the farewell. Some take water from ZamZam, and dip their white cloths in it to be used later as shrouds. They drink as much water as possible, believing it cures diseases, and they take as much as they can carry home to their families. Some are given pieces of black cloth as souvenirs. * They are at last entitled to take the name of Hajji or Hajjah. ?? ?? ?? ?? Saqab Hussain Religious Studies Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays


    Come to prayer (Twice) Come to success (Twice) God is great (Twice) There is no god but God (Once) Salat Salah is the duty to worship Allah five times a day in prayer The five-time prayers become compulsory from the moment a person embraces Islam, children as young as seven are encouraged to pray.

  2. Free essay

    What is Hajj?

    idea is the thoughts within the pilgrim's mind and the intention, empathy and symbolism of what they are doing in the pilgrimage.

  1. Hajj Coursework

    I looked around and people were piling on each other. They started pulling dead people from the crowd". These stampedes that lead to the deaths can be caused by anything, they are completely unpredictable and unstoppable making it extremely hard for the government to prevent it from happening.

  2. Describe why a Muslim might take part in Hajj and what this involves?

    One could say that as long as these events are involved, the pilgrimage is not only a journey within, and without them, you would not be following the example of the Prophet Muhammad. Furthermore, if there were no physical side to the Hajj experience, then how would it be possible for a pilgrim to remember?

  1. Religious Education Hajj Coursework

    It also shows that all stand equal before God. I think that this is a good idea as it shows equality under God's rule and it shows how people are all the same...only money and power separate us from each other. About 2,000,000 people perform the Hajj each year, and the rite serves as a unifying force in the Islamic culture and religion.

  2. b) Explain why some Christians go ...

    In this way carrying out these good deeds can be seen as more important than the act of going on a pilgrimage purely for one's self. Having said this, another approach could be taken, for instance, many believe that pilgrimage glorifies one's belief in Christianity and the Holy Trinity.

  1. The Hajj

    Examine the Spiritually and Mentally and Special Clothing Aspects of the Hajj and Explain the Meaning for a Muslim The essential part of the Hajj are the four rites which are presented as being compulsory in the Qu'ran for the pilgrims to follow.

  2. RE Course work, Hajj

    They must treat the pilgrimage as a sacrifice to Allah, and must not take part in sexual relationship's during that time.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work