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Pope John XXIII

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This essay will (outline, discuss, define...) Pope John XXIII was born Angelio Giuseppe Roncalli in 1981 and was an exceptional revolutionist who made many contributions to the significance of the adherents of Christianity, in particular Catholicism. Pope John XXIII made his largest impact in regards to his input in the areas of positional/institutional, doctrinal, social/moral and through his ongoing legacy. Positional/Institutional: Pope John XXIII was a pope from 1958 - 1963 and was determined to make a difference. One of his major contributions was the calling of the second Vatican council which they re-wrote the cade of the canon law. Pope John XXIII had been inspired by the Council and as a result he wanted to rejuvenate and modernize the Church by reshaping its liturgy and structure. Not only did he want to place emphasis upon caring for its own members but he also wanted to expand the arms of the church to everyone in the world. These changes affected all aspects of the Catholic Church as its relationships with other Christians and even other religions grew stronger. ...read more.


Doctrinal: In regards to doctrinal significance Pope John XXIII had a large impact as he made many great contributions such as, he edited 39 volumes from St. Charles Borromeo, Pope John XXIII also encouraged biblical scholarship and as a result stated "History is the teacher of life". One of the most significant doctrinal contributions were his encyclicals, although he wrote eight, only two were associated with the Second Vatican Council, these were "Mother and Teacher" and "Peace on Earth". Both of these address major concerns that the world was facing. In addition the Pastoral Constitution (on the church in the modern world - written by Pope John XXIII) was one of the most significant documents to emerge from the Vatican 2 as it challenged the Catholic Church to respond to the needs and wants of the modern world, to all areas of human life. These documents as well as himself provided a new basis for the Church Teachings, resulting in the fact that Pope John XXIII was doctrinally significant. ...read more.


Pope John XXIII had a strong moral conscience and as a result constantly visited the outcasts of society, such as prisoners, communist, elderly or infirmed. He also gave grace to ordinary people, even non-Christians as he embraced ecumenism. He taught us that people are equal no matter what religion and acted as an advocate for the strugglers of justice and thus the reason he was universally loved. Politically: Pope John XXIII was a leader and had an immense political power which greatly impacted on many people. He condemned the Cold War (nuclear usage) and exiled Fidel Castro from the Church. He was an ambassador to the Vatican and reached out to the Communist Russia for a peace promotion. Pope John XXIII was a promoter for diplomacy and peace in order to resolve conflict and constantly urged world leaders to work together towards peace. To conclude, Pope John XXIII remained impactual throughout his life, up to his death in 1963, due to cancer. His major areas of contribution were in the fields of positional/institutional, doctrinal, social/moral and through his ongoing legacy. These enabled him to become connected with the people and in return remove the barrier between Christians and other religions. ...read more.

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