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Racism.For a long time now, racism and sources of conflict between subcultures and other groups have been a part of British society. Such examples could include beliefs that the Irish were inferior, or that black coloured skin was a symbol of the devil.

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Introduction

Racism For a long time now, racism and sources of conflict between subcultures and other groups have been a part of British society. Such examples could include beliefs that the Irish were inferior, or that black coloured skin was a symbol of the devil. Black people in British society have endured various forms of discrimination because of the colour of their skin. An example of many recent reports include that of the 'Stephen Lawrence case', of which the police dismissed a racially motivated fatal attack on a black boy, as they stereotyped the victim until it was to late to reveal the true story of what happened. Racism has resulted in many fatal outcomes, including homicides and suicides. In fact, racial attacks happen every day in our society. Mainly stimulated by fear of the unknown, ignorance or intolerance, racism can also be a result of bad experiences or simple jokes. There have been criticisms that people in all positions in society are racist, deeply affecting life chances of such victims of society. The level of discrimination is one of the main reasons why ethnicity is seen as such a key source as unequal divisions in our society. ...read more.

Middle

During this period, people started to hold views that African and Asian countries were 'primitive' in comparison to Western 'civilisation'. This stemmed thoughts that if these countries were not so advanced, then the black-skinned people must be inferior. Many people also decided that as black was often a symbol of evil e.g. in witchcraft, black symbolises evil and white symbolises goodness, then the black people's origins were stemmed from badness. Such theories also included religion. White people actually used religion to emphasise how black slavery was a good thing. They said that by bringing the slaves into Christianity, they were rescuing them from their origins. One more common, apparently more logical view shared now to explain the variety in skin colour is that we are all exactly the same. Many biologists have stated that when man first came about, from the apes or otherwise, he was living in Africa. Over millions of generations, the people who lived in Africa adapted to their surroundings. The colour of their skin grew darker and darker, so that their skin could stand the sun more easily. Those who travelled north though were to keep white skin, as the North is so much colder. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to Oliver C. Cox, if capitalism, never developed then 'the world might never have experienced race prejudice'. Many sociologists have since agreed that racism is related to capitalism. I have come to the conclusion that yes, racism is based on an ideology about the differences between cultures, and I also think that it is possible for racism to one day be excluded by society. People with racist beliefs have no scientific evidence, and I think people only stereotype cultures and groups because of their cultural differences. I think that the less of grouping and stratification that happens in society, then there will be a less chance of racism. I agree with Paul Gilroy that some perspectives on anti-racism sometimes create moralistic excesses, and I believe there are obviously no distinct races. I think that the term 'race' is used for all the wrong reasons. For example, in a British census, appearance is dismissed. However, the 1991 census required a person's ethnicity, the supposed ethnic groups being in a list. By variegating ethnic groups, classification and differentiation is caused. If such a question were never asked, and people in our society with different cultures were encouraged to accept each other as individuals instead of groups, there would be more of a chance for people to think themselves not in different races. I think the government should encourage this idea. ...read more.

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