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Religion and Medical Ethics

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Introduction

Part A - Describe the teachings of the religion which you are studying about the sanctity of life in relation to either abortion or euthanasia I am discussing the issues that are put forward by Christians concerning the sanctity of life in relation to abortion and what their beliefs are. There are no Biblical scriptures that deal directly with abortion; however I will refer to passages in the Bible that refer to life and other relevant areas. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy and can be defined as the deliberate destruction of a foetus, causing its death. The 1967 Abortion Act allows a woman to terminate or end her pregnancy up to the 24th week; however there is no time limit if there is a high risk to her life or if the foetus has major abnormalities. A woman must also have the permission or consent of two doctors that agree upon the decision to have an abortion. People who agree with abortion are often referred to as pro-choice and some of the reasons for doing so are; every woman should have their own choice and this should be respected; if the woman is expecting a severely handicapped child or if the pregnancy is a result of rape. ...read more.

Middle

This kind of teaching would have a major influence on the believers when the couples or woman have an accidental pregnancy of any kind. They would have no choice but to have the baby. Therefore depending on the circumstances of the pregnancy the outcome later on in life may have difficult implications. Furthermore The Anglican and Methodist Churches are willing to accept that abortion may be acceptable in certain circumstances; 'The worth of the human race itself hinges on reverence for human life at every stage and the long tradition of Christian teaching is marked by an abhorrence of destroying the life in the womb. But a right to life does not mean an absolute right.' www.faithnet.org.uk. Methodists believe life is sacred because it is God-given. They also believe that the ability to decide when and whether individuals will be born is 'an awesome power'. The gift of life is a precious thing and should be treated with reverence and respect. However, it can be seen from the quote above that Methodists do believe that there are times when abortions may be necessary. This may be the case if the mother's emotional and/or physical well-being is at risk from her pregnancy. ...read more.

Conclusion

They believe that if they are meant to get better they will but if this is their time to die they will die no matter how hard they try to oppose it. I believe that death is God's business as He is in control of life and death but I also believe that abortion and voluntary euthanasia may be necessary in some situations also capital punishment is necessary when a murder is committed. I believe that abortion is necessary in some situations, because if a pregnancy poses a threat to the mother or is a victim of rape. I believe it is wrong if it is not for health reasons. I believe that capital punishment it is right as long the right criminal is charged and there is no shadow of doubt. A Christian is taught that murder is wrong; because it was one of the Ten Commandments that God gave to Moses in the wilderness these commandments are a touchstone for Christians. 'Do not commit murder' Exodus 20: 13 I believe that you cannot say whether you believe this statement is right or wrong until you have taken every situation individually; until you have looked at all the facts and you have considered what you believe in the other areas of life and death. This is what I found out doing this piece of coursework. ...read more.

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