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GCSE: Judaism

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  1. The Orthadox Synagogue

    These meetings later became formalised and specific places of worship were built, the beginning of the synagogue. When they returned to Israel the faith saw the continuation of Synagogues being built as a local place to study the scriptures. In 70AD the temple was destroyed again but this time by the Romans and since the Jews believed that only God can rebuild the temple it remained destroyed. This meant that the Synagogues assumed a more important and significant role. However when the Jews spread all over world, Diaspora, synagogues were built and established as a focus for these communities.

    • Word count: 2276
  2. Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish home and synagogue

    The first and last three blessings of the Amidah are the same as the weekday one but the 13 benedictions in the middle are replaced with a passage describing the holiness of the Sabbath. Kiddush is recited in the synagogue for those who do not say it at home. The service concludes with Yigdal. The candles are lit eighteen minutes before sundown because 18 means life in Hebrew. Traditionally, the woman of the house lights them. The two candles represent the two versions of the commandment to keep the Sabbath: "Remember the Shabbat" (Exodus 20:8)

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  3. Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

    Jews are also not allowed to drive, watch television, take photographs, go fishing or use the telephone (except in emergencies). Many people have noticed that all the Melachot have something in common, they are all something creative. After preparing for Sabbath, the Sabbath begins by setting the table it should be set with at least two candles, representing the dual commands to observe the Sabbath. There should also be a glass of wine and two loaves of challah, representing the dual portion of manna that God provided for the Israelites in preparation for Sabbath in the desert.

    • Word count: 2007
  4. What does the word 'synagogue' mean and how did synagogues come into being?

    The exact date when synagogues came into existence is uncertain. It is common belief that there were meeting places dating back as far as the sixth century BCE. Originally, Jews would meet together in the open, or in groves of trees, and sacrifice animals. As they were a Nomadic people it was not possible for them to have a set place of worship. The mitzvot ordered Jews to keep the Decalogue tablets in a wooden ark, 'Ark of Covenant', and to carry it with them wherever they went.

    • Word count: 2381
  5. Describe the history and symbolism of the festival Pesach.

    It is also reminding them of the slaves being beaten without mercy so it symbolises the blood. And also the blood of freedom that they smeared over their door posts during the 10th plague. They also have something called Haroset which represents the mud which they had to make bricks with. Haroset is often made to look like mud with apples, crushed almonds, cinnamon and wine. So God punished the pharaoh and the people in Egypt with 10 plagues for the punishment. The 10th plague was to kill every 1st born son of every Egyptian. Israelites to avoid this they had to sacrifice goats and sheep and smear their blood on there door posts of their house e.g.

    • Word count: 2620
  6. Describe the history and symbolism of the festival of Pesach.

    Only daughters should be permitted to live. Moses was born in these times and to save him his mother made a plan. She placed Moses in a basket, by papyrus reeds growing on the bank of the River Nile. Moses' sister Miriam watched over him until Pharaoh's daughter came to the river to wash. As they had hoped, it was Pharaoh's daughter who found Moses in his basket. Pharaoh's daughter took him back to live with her as though he were her son. During a hot day the Pharaoh's daughter went down to the River Nile to bathe and heard the sounds of a crying baby.

    • Word count: 2052
  7. Jews think the home is central as it is the place that most worship takes place.

    When the mother lights candles on the dinner table during the Shabbat meal, shows a religious significance of women and the valued role they lead as a mother. The Kiddush is a holy moment, which is shared with the family. This is a time, which unifies and strengthens as all of the family focus on sharing objects with each other. The men usually lead this time but in Progressive Jewish families, the women sometimes do it. The wine, which is, drank during the Kiddush or any time in the Jewish religion, is a symbol of linking the families together and sharing with each other.

    • Word count: 2028
  8. Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish homes and in the synagogue.

    The main Sabbath service will begin with the KABBALAT SHABBAT, a mystical prayer made from a combination of Psalms. This will be followed by the L'KHADODI, this is a song representing the coming of the Shabbat. Songs, prayers and chants like the BORKHA, SHEMA, HATZI KIDDUSH and much more follow this. All through the service the main seven beliefs are remembered and repeated so the attendants will remember them for the rest of the week. The YIGDEL is the person who repeats these and chants them. The Shema is also read at this service. The Shema is the holiest and most important prayer in the Jewish religion, because it is said every morning when they wake up and every night before they go to sleep.

    • Word count: 2731
  9. Explain the significance of the food and Ritual objects used at the festival of Passover.

    New crockery, saucepans, cutlery and other food preparation utensils are often changed for Pesach and the items used throughout the year are locked away. Some Jews sell all chametz to non-Jews before the festival to show their full effort in removing chametz. The Haggadah is used during the Passover meal; it is like a guidebook of the rituals that take place. This ensures no important parts are left out. On the table there are generally two candles that are lit by the mother.

    • Word count: 2567
  10. Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish home and Synagogue

    The two candles are signs of two commandments, Zacher, which is remembrance and Shamar meaning, observe. At this time the father or head of house blesses his family and those around the table. This is to signify that Jews will remember Shabbat and observe its customs. This blessing is then followed by a 45-minute service in the Synagogue that the family attends, before returning home to take the prayer of Kiddush, which is said over the wine. After Kiddush the Friday night meal is taken. This is usually the best meal that the family can afford, at the beginning two loaves, representing two lots of manna, are cut as the prayers are said.

    • Word count: 2442

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