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Select and Describe and Explain the importance of Hindu Worship in the Temple

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Hinduism Coursework Select and Describe and Explain the importance of Hindu Worship in the Temple Moksha (Freedom or Salvation) from the cycle of birth and death is the ultimate goal of Hindu religious life. Moksha is defined as: 'The final release and liberation of the inner self or atman.' The individual soul (atman), in its liberated state, possesses divine qualities such as purity, omnipresence and omnipotence, and is beyond limitations. Within the individual, however, the atman is involved in the working of samsara. Moksha is attainted when the individual becomes liberated from the cycle of birth and death and attains eventual union with the Supreme Being. This union can be achieved through true knowledge (gyana or jnana), devotion (bhakti), or right work (karma). These can all be performed at home or even at the mandir, the Hindu place of worship. The mandir is often the most prominent building in the village in India. They are made of bricks and are brightly painted and decorated with images of the deities. There are simple mandirs in streets and villages and most Hindu homes have their own where they undertake Puja. The mandir is a special place for the encounter between the worshipper and the divine. ...read more.


Puja is one of the biggest aspects in worship in Hinduism. Puja is the act of showing reverence to a god, a spirit, or another aspect of the divine through prayers, songs, and rituals. An essential part of puja for the Hindu devotee is making a spiritual connection with the divine. Most often that contact is facilitated through an object: an element of nature, a sculpture, a vessel, a painting, or a print. Puja is not only performed in temples but also in most of our homes. So too, we worship God in our Satsangh meetings before we start our days' programme of kirtans and study of scriptures. During puja many items are used: * Red Kum-kum powder and abi gulal powder and sandal wood paste * Flowers and Leaves * Sopari and other food offerings * Sacred Thread * Small Copper Vessel * Plate * Incense- To keep all evil away * Small ghee lamp * Small bell - Used to wake the gods * Panchamrit - A mixture of milk, yogurt, syger, honey and butter. In puja the most crucial rule is that before doing puja you must be clean that is why before entering the mandir you must take off your shoes to show respect and desire to clean both the body and soul and to clear away ignorance. ...read more.


After the arti a prayer is said by all that are presence it is known as the gayatri mantra: Aum Bhuh Bhuvah Svah Tat Savitur Varenyam Bhargo Devasya Dheemahi Dhiyo You Nah Prachodayat The Rig Veda (10:16:3) The gayatri mantra means, 'O Divine mother, our hearts are filled with darkness. Please make this darkness distant from us and promote illumination within us." The reason why all these actions are done during puja is for the specific purpose of bringing the deity into the home and mandir and to help the worshipper to create a good sense of mind towards the love the feels towards god. Although Puja is a huge part of worship in Hinduism and may be the most important in the house, it is not the most important in the mandir, in the mandir the most important part of worship is darshan. Darshan is defined as: 'Literally viewing; in religious practice it refers to paying respect and homage to a holy image, person or place and receiving a blessing in return.' The food and sweets that are given as an offering to the deity is known as prashad and usually some is given out at the end of the puja or and other form of Hindu worship. Prashad usually consists of almonds, sakar (solidified sugar) and some fruit. ...read more.

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