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The Race Relations Act 1976

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Introduction

The Race Relations Act 1976 The Race Relations Act 1976 applies to discrimination on the grounds of colour, race, nationality and ethnic and national origins. It applies in Great Britain but not in Northern Ireland, religious discrimination is not explicitly covered in Britain but separate legislation covers this in Northern Ireland. The Act provides for a few, specific exemptions where it may be a genuine occupational qualification (GOQ) to be a member of a particular race, ethnic group, etc. The list of genuine occupational qualifications includes actors, models, personal welfare offices and certain jobs in places like restaurants where "for reasons of authenticity" a person of a particular racial group is required, for example a Chinese restaurant. The Race Relations Act covers discrimination by employers, trade unions, professional associations, employment offices and similar bodies and redress may be sought against an individual and their organisation. ...read more.

Middle

This would be direct discrimination. Indirect discrimination occurs when a condition or requirement which is applied equally to everyone can be met by a considerably smaller proportion of people from a particular racial group, and it is to their disadvantage because they cannot comply with it. The condition or requirement will be unlawful unless it can be justified on non-racial grounds. Under the RR Act, a racial group is a group of people defined in terms of colour, race, nationality (including citizenship) ethnic or national origin. Example: A Local Authority (not LBBD) had a sons & daughters of existing tenants allocation policy. This was found to have an indirect discriminating effect because the policy favours one particular racial group to the expense of minority racial groups. Victimisation occurs when a person is treated less favourably than others for having made, or supported, a complaint of racial discrimination. ...read more.

Conclusion

national origins of the person to whom it is applied; and which is to the detriment of that other because he cannot comply with it. It is hereby declared that, for the purposes of this Act, segregating a person from other persons on racial grounds is treating him less favourably than they are treated. Meaning of 'racial grounds', 'racial group' etc In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires- 'Racial grounds' means any of the following grounds, namely colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins; 'racial group' means a group of persons defined by reference to colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins, and references to person's racial group refer to any racial group into which he falls. The fact that a racial group comprises two or more distinct racial groups does not prevent it from constituting a particular racial group for the purposes of this Act. ...read more.

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