• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Where did the universe come from, has it evolved or has it been created by God?

Extracts from this document...


Where did the universe come from, has it evolved or has it been created by God? Introduction: It is believed from a scientific point of view in 1929 that the universe had formed by expanding. The evidence to support this was that more distant galaxies have greater red shifts than nearer ones. This means that more distant galaxies are moving away faster than nearer ones. The inescapable conclusion appears to be that the whole universe is expanding. There is also a scientific approach towards the theory of evolution that suggests that all the animals and plants on Earth gradually evolved over millions of years. The evidence to support this statement is that life on Earth began as simple organisms living in water and gradually everything else evolved from here. This process took 3,000,000,000 years. The religious point of view towards the universe and where it came from is the belief in the bible; this is mainly based on the Christian thinking that God created everything. If the Bible is taken literally the process took six days, and mankind didn't evolve from apes but is descended from Adam and Eve. Religion can understand that the universe was created by God and that we descended from Adam and Eve, however science explains that the universe began with the Big Bang and then all living things evolved from there. There are two arguments displayed here with science and religion, whether the universe began from the Big Bang and that life evolved with basic building blocks or whether God created it and we descended from Adam and Eve. ...read more.


Alternately, religious statements on the big bang theory are entirely different as some believe in 'Absolutionist Creationism' that the world was created exactly as expressed in the book of Genesis as found in the Bible. Science is therefore wrong. In the 17th century Bishop James Usher used Genesis to give the exact time and date of creation. Religious statements were also based on 'Conciliatory Creationism' that science has discovered what the Bible or Torah has said all along. One of the Genesis creations stories that the world came out of nothing, as does modern, cosmological theory. Hebrew 'day' is the same as that for 'age'; therefore Genesis is an account of the 7 ages of man rather than a literal week of creation. Although science believes this occurred millions of years rather than the six or seven days mentioned. There is also a belief in Religious Defeatism that a belief in God is maintained, but this is a God. God fits in where science has no answers. There are also constructive responses towards the Big Bang theory and how the universe began, in other religions such as Islam; the Qu'ran does not detail the events of creation. Therefore, most Muslims accept that God is the supreme cause, but that can account for how it all actually happened. However, unlike Christianity and Judaism, descriptions of creation in the Qu'ran are not entirely at odds with science. Islam does not really have a problem competing with the Big Bang theory or Darwinism. ...read more.


Conclusion: We do not yet know where the universe came from exactly but scientists have got many ideas where the universe came from using the best description they have of the origin of the universe, because it fits observations made by astronomers, one obvious question raised by physicists is: how did the singularity arise? Another is: what is the ultimate fate of the universe? Scientists are yet exploring the answers for the last question. Some scientists believe in very diverse ideas about the universe for example that the expansion will continue indefinitely or that the expansion will slow down. Scientists certainly believe the universe evolved over millions of years to become who we are today. Modern molecular evidence has boosted the evidence for evolution beyond Darwin's wildest dreams, and the fact of evolution is now as securely attested as any in science. In general the evidence for the fact that evolution has occurred consists of an enormous number of detailed observations which all make sense if we assume the theory of evolution, but which can be explained by the Creation theory only if we assume that the creator elaborately set out to deceive us. Religious ideas based on where the universe came from are that there was a 'Creator' behind the universe and we evolved from Adam and Eve rather from apes which science believes. The two types of arguments can be taken literally and therefore scientific and religious ideas can exist in harmony. Scientific ideas believe that religious or theological ideas go well together and are the same. Halina Patel ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Evolution - Charles Darwin and Christian belief

    They believe the whole creation story and the book of Genesis are a crucial part of God's revelation and are the foundation on the Christian faith. The challenge presented by Darwin posed a great attack on the fundamentalist belief, but they have responded to the challenge of evolution by simply

  2. Creation vs. Evolution?

    Therefore, it would be easier to say that God simply did control the creation of those things, but the timing is irrelevant. Empirical evidence has shown that the early life on Earth were plants, which is consistent with the story in the Bible.

  1. Man and the Universe

    As was stated before, the universe was created in six days, the seventh being for rest. Here is the order of the creation of the universe: * First Day: Light was created and divided ("'Let there be light' - and light appeared...

  2. Bereshit, the first word in Genesis translates to "in a beginning"

    However, for the idea of a personal God to work, he must be given certain anthropomorphic attributes of man so that man may identify with him, such as the ability to be "walking in the garden" (3:8) to give one example.

  1. Examine the differences which may exist between a religious and scientific interpretation of the ...

    he did not know as we now do that the introduction of new characteristics is the result of random genetic mutations. What Darwin created was a wholly impersonal law of nature that merely favoured those best adapted to survive, or more simply the "survival of the fittest".

  2. Science does not as yet have a full understanding of the universe. However, it ...

    Other researchers have found another dozen such celestial heavyweights. In addition, the scientists' data contain a growing number of indications that "there are going to be many more small planets"1 discovered in coming years.

  1. Science and The Environment - Christian Views On The Creation Of The Universe.

    rainforests. These sort of groups don't require subscription/membership; you aren't lumbered to follow every beck and call of leaders. Are Science and Religion Opposite? Science is the study of the Universe. It searches to explain anomalies using theories and hypothesis'. It deals with elements of the Cosmos which can be proved; things which are verifiable.

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    In both cases, a failure to complete a task or an act results in severe guilt, inexplicable to others and in the object in question is regarded with ambivalence. From this Freud concluded that religion was a form of neurotic behaviour buried deep within the psyche, which is invariably sexual in nature.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work