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As experimentation on animals is morally wrong we should stop using animals for experimentation on this basis alone

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Introduction

As experimentation on animals is morally wrong we should stop using animals for experimentation on this basis alone. By its very nature it necessitates harm to the un-consenting animals involved ? and this pain induced forms sufficient justification of our enmity towards it whether we look further or not. However we intend to look further. One of the most significant trends in modern research in recent years has been the acknowledgement that results obtained directly from animal tests are rarely relevant to humans. This has been evidenced in eminent publications such as the Journal of the American Medical Association and the British Medical Journal. They too have concluded that due to fundamental biological differences amongst species animal tests cannot be seen to predict reliable outcomes in humans. ...read more.

Middle

EXAMPLES HUMAN BASED IN VITRO TOXICITY SCREENING CAN BE USED TO TEST DRUGS, CHEMICALS, COSMETICS ETC. THESE HUMANE TESTS REPLACE PUMPING CHEMICALS INTO ANIMALS?EYES OR ONTO RAW, SHAVED SKIN. In a landmark 2007 study, the National Academy of Sciences confirmed that scientific advances can , ?transform toxicity testing from a system based on whole animal testing to one founded primarily on in vitro or non animal methods.? In addition , scientists have developed 3D in vitro human ,?liver? ? that scientists can use to study the breakdown of chemicals in the human body ? mimic the response of human organs ? can be used to test cosmetics, drugs etc. Another scientific triumph ? modular immune in vitro construct ? (MIMIC) uses human cells to model the human immune system - test the safety of HIV/Aids vaccines. ...read more.

Conclusion

LIST GOES ON AND ON SUMMARY - WE NOW KNOW THE CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF MOST SUBSTANCES AND POWERFUL COMPUTERS ALLOW US TO PREDICT THE OUTCOMES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS . IN ADDITION USING COMPUTER MODELLING WE ARE NOW ABLE TO CONSTRUCT MODELS OF COMPLEX BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ? E.G. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ? WE CAN ALSO EVALUATE THE TOXICITY OF DRUGS. AS MENTIONED PREVIOUSLY, EXPERIMENTATION OF LIVE TISSUE CULTURES ALLOWS INSIGHT TO BE GAINED INTO HOW LIVING CELLS REACT WHEN EXPOSED TO CERTAIN CHEMICALS. EVEN HUMAN SKIN LEFT OVER FROM OPERATIONS PROVIDES AN EFFECTIVE MEDIUM FOR EXPERIMENTATION. CONCLUSION The previous necessity for animals to be used in experimentation has been rendered redundant by advances in science. This does not come as a surprise ? in science there are no closed pathways, and careful research will always permit a morale alternative to archaic and immoral methods previously justified simply because they served as the only option. I beg you to propose. ! ...read more.

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