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Biology Case Study

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Should drug trials be allowed? By Roshan Mistry 11O Title Page Pg 1 Contents Page Pg2 Introduction Pg3 What is a Drug Trial? Pg4 Types of Drug Trial (Vitro Tests) Pg5 Types of Drug Trial (Clinical Trial) Pg6 How Can Drug Trials be Harmful? Pg8 How can Drug Trials Be Helpful? Pg8 Should Drug Trials be allowed? Pg9 Bibliography Pg 10 This case study will investigate whether drug trials are safe for people and animals. By reading this you will learn about all the benefits and risks of drug trials, whether it's safe or not. The question of "Should Drug Trials be allowed?" will be answered in this case study. I decided to choose this question as there haven't been many debates about the topic so therefore people are unaware. By writing this case study I hope to inform you about drug trials. I also picked this question as I found it interesting knowing where medicines come from and why we assume they are all safe for us. It also lets us look at the hard work put into developing safe medicines for us to use and how much we rely on the scientists who develop and test the medicines. Where does a new medicine come from? Firstly, you will need to know where new medicines come from. When you are ill, you'll visit the doctor and receive drug prescription. Little do you know about where the drug comes from and how the doctors know it's safe to use. ...read more.

Middle

When tested on animals most animals are euthanized, meaning they are killed after the drug is tested on them. Animals are tested to see whether the drug works on full bodied animals as only testing it on a couple of human cells doesn't really give us the scale on how it would react on a full human. But only testing on small animals such as rodents and frogs won't let us know the full potential of the drug. Soon after testing on these smaller animals testing will be conducted on larger animals to see how their bodies react to the drug. If an animal reacts badly to the drug they will scrap the drug and try again from the very beginning. Soon the drug will be ready for release into the market. But before that there will be clinical trials. Many animals are hurt and killed in the process of developing the drugs. Clinical Trials are trials conducted to test safety data to be collected for health. These trials can only take place after thorough information has been collected on a quality that the country the trial is taking place can accept. Depending on the drug and the stage in its development, investigators will register healthy volunteers and patients with the illness the drug is meant to cure. The patients must approve of their name being added to the register or they have the legal obligation to refuse. Clinical trials which involve new drugs are classified into four main phases. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the trials are done the animals tested are killed. Drug trials can be dangerous for the doctors working on them as well, because the doctors keep interacting with patients who could have possible side effects from a failed clinical trial. Drug trials are also very helpful, because without any of these drug trials we would have no medicines. More people would be sick and possibly dead due to the infections and diseases around. Drug trials are also helpful because it can create jobs for people in our society. Healthy volunteers get paid a lot of money for participating in these drug trials which also helps them and their families. . In conclusion I think drug trials should be allowed. Even though I have looked into the harmfulness of drug trials and how they may or may not be harmful. What i have learnt about drug trials during my research has made me think that these Clinical trials should be allowed as the benefits of them outweigh the risks. The strongest answer for my question "Should Drug Trials be allowed?" is 'Yes drug trials should be allowed because they help keep people alive and well. Without drug trials we would have no safe medicines, without any safe medicines we would all be ill, and eventually die. Another factor as to why I decided that Drug trials should be allowed is that all the benefits outweigh the risks and that it's saved millions and billions of lives. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_trial#Ethical_conduct http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/4815780.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/london/4807042.stm http://www.drugs.com/clinical_trials.html www. trials4us. co. uk/ drug- trials. php Twenty First Century Science GCSE Biology ?? ?? ?? ?? Roshan Mistry 11O Biology Case Study Mr Warwick 1 ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

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This is a very good essay looking at the technicalities of the various stages involved in getting a particular medicine licensed to go on the market. In terms of the question 'Should drug trials be allowed?' though I do not think you have looked at the positives or negatives in in enough detail, the only time this was really looked at was briefly in the table at the end and in the conclusion. This should have been central to the essay and the technicalities of how it is carried out built in around the positives and
negatives to do with drug trialing. The main argument against it is the ethical implications of testing drugs on animals before a lot is known about them and even paying humans to trial drugs as this puts people with low income particularly at risk.

Marked by teacher Jon Borrell 08/01/2013

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

3 star(s)

Response to the question

The response the question overall is adequate. The candidate covers the background behind the case study thoroughly but should have provided a bibliography at the end in a proper format rather than just a list of websites. The main body ...

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Response to the question

The response the question overall is adequate. The candidate covers the background behind the case study thoroughly but should have provided a bibliography at the end in a proper format rather than just a list of websites. The main body of the essay is too short, but covers a range of ideas, and the conclusion is adequate based on the ideas discussed.

Level of analysis

The candidate only goes into basic scientific details about the actual testing process and does not explain the concepts very well. For example, they don't just test on animals to make sure the drug will work, they test on animals to see the different side effects, or potency of the drug. The language used in response to the question is quite simplistic. The conclusion is adequate, but the main focus of the essay or case study is only presented in one short table, and I would have preferred to see more information utilised to give the candidate a higher grade.

Quality of writing

The layout in the introduction pages is rather loud with the wordart, and should be simple times new roman black font to look more professional. The pictures have not been resized correctly and this detracts from the main point of the case study. Punctuation is missed out in some places, and including commas would make the text easier to read. Sometimes the grammar is wrong, so the meaning of the sentence is confusing to interpret. Otherwise, spelling, grammar and punctuation are average.


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Reviewed by skatealexia 23/04/2012

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