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Exercise has certain benefits on a person's health, and physical condition.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION Task 1: For my first task I will be looking at how exercise has certain benefits on a person's health, and physical condition. But, lack of exercise can lead to health problems. I must firstly explain what regular exercise and the link it has with risk reduction of: * Coronary Heart Disease. * Hypertension. * Diabetes. * Obesity. * Arthritis. * Osteoporosis. For each one I will be explaining what they are and how exercise can help to cut down on the risk of developing them, or how exercise helps them when developed. Task 2: Exercise not only has physical benefits, it also has been seen to have psychological benefits. I will be explaining how exercise can reduce the risk of being depressed or stressed..... Task 3: I will be describing two recent government health campaigns and stating if they have been successful or not, and then explaining why. Task 4: In this section I will simply be producing an A1 sized poster on a topic I was given which is 'Drugs.' EXERCISE ITS WORTH IT! Task 1 (a): Coronary Heart Disease: Coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease and ischemic heart disease, causes angina pectoris (chest pain) and myocardial infarction (heart attack). * Seven million Americans suffer from coronary heart disease, the most common form of heart disease. This type of heart disease is caused by a narrowing of the coronary arteries that feed the heart. * Approximately 6,200,000 people in the United States have chest pain or angina pectoris, 2,300,000 men and 3,900,000 women. * The lifetime probability that a woman will develop coronary heart disease is 46%, almost 1 in 2. * More than 350,000 coronary artery bypass graft surgeries are performed every year in the U.S. * Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of premature permanent disability among U.S. workers. * CHD is the number one killer of both men and women in the U.S. ...read more.

Middle

Healthy persons - as well as many patients with cardiovascular disease - can improve their exercise performance" (Quoted from http://www.scs.unt.edu/classes.com) Benefits exercise/physical activity has on the following illnesses/diseases: Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Exercise if done correctly can have a big impact on heart disease especially CHD, as regular exercise increases beneficial high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, which protects against arteriosclerosis. It also increases heart efficiency, lower blood pressure helps control body weight, balances blood-clotting factors and reduces stress. All these factors can put a persons health at serious risk and therefore is important that a person does an hour of exercise a day. Lack of physical activity is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Regular, moderate-to-vigorous exercise plays a significant role in preventing heart and blood vessel disease. Even moderate-intensity physical activities are beneficial if done regularly and long term. More vigorous activities are associated with more benefits. Exercise can help control blood cholesterol, Hypertension: Physical fitness may help prevent hypertension, and persons who already have high blood pressure may lower their blood pressure by means of a regular exercise program. The relationship between blood pressure and exercise may involve insulin resistance because increased insulin resistance was coupled with low physical fitness in normotensive men (men with normal blood pressure) with a family history of hypertension. Regular exercise may prevent hypertension, and thereby protect against the development of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes Exercise has many benefits for those with Diabetes. Regular exercise combined with a well balanced healthy diet could keep you from taking medication. If you are on insulin or diabetic medication, it will help to better control blood glucose. Exercise has been shown to have dramatic benefits in both patients with Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes. Exercise improves insulin sensitivity. When this happens, blood glucose levels are lowered. The reason this occurs is that exercising muscles require more glucose to meet their energy needs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefor we can safely conclude that by using this statistical evidence, both campaigns were unsuccessful. But reducing portion sizes is definitely a step in the right direction. Opinion on smoking: In my opinion Tony Blair and his government are not particularly worried about Britain's population of cigarette smokers, but are just trying to 'pull the wool over our eyes' and act concerned in order for him to get our vote and to stay in power. If Tony Blair was really concerned about Britain's cigarette smokers then he would make sure that the countries cigarette manufacturers would be made to stop altogether. Tony Blair just pretends to be concerned and is really out for money. The campaign is really a failure because more and more people die from lung cancer every year, and more and more unaware teenagers take up smoking every day. It is an on growing habit and can lead to serious health risks. Opinion on Obesity: In my opinion the younger generations in today's societies are the first to have grown up in an environment where food containing high fat, high sugar is readily available. Of course when we are constantly exposed to commercials, fast food restaurants, offering us huge portions of great tasting food, it is no wonder that we can find ourselves eating a day's worth of calories in one sitting. It is a basic human instinct to consume as much food as possible while it is available in order to build energy to survive future periods when food is scarce. It is going to be a difficult task, but reducing the availability and consumption of high calorie, low nutrition foods is the only way to tackle the obesity epidemic - reducing portion sizes is definitely a step in the right direction. I believe that we can safely say that these to problems are ever growing and it is important that something is done about them immediately before they grow out of proportion. The government need to start again with these campaigns and not think about profit but the death tole! Andrew Jakeman BTEC Sport Science Assignment 2 1 ...read more.

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