• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"resistance of different thicknesses of wire"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"resistance of different thicknesses of wire" Introduction For my GCSE physics coursework I must investigate the affect of the thickness of wire has on the current flowing through it. This will be done by choosing different cross-sectional areas of wire that are 30cm long and connect it to a functioning circuit and record the current using a ammeter and the voltage using a voltmeter which help you work out the resistance of the circuit. Aim My aim is to identify what happens to the resistance when you change the nickel chrome wires that have different cross-sectional areas. Research Resistance It is a property of a substance that restricts the flow of electricity through it, it is associated with the conversion of electrical energy to heat, also the magnitude of this property. Resistance depends on many factors, such as the nature of the material like; it's temperature, dimensions and thermal properties, degree of impurity, the nature and state of the illumination of a surface, and the frequency and the size of the current. The SI unit of a resistance is the ohm. Ohm SI unit ( ) of electrical resistant that restricts the flow of electrons through it and is worked out by the V=IR rule meaning Resistance= Voltage Current Nickel (the wire material) ...read more.

Middle

it's all connected properly, especially the ammeter and the voltmeter because you can easily put the wires in the wrong positive and negative ports. If this happens a -0.00 will appear on the ammeter, to change this you must change the wires round. Get a set of wires that have different cross-sectional areas (in our case we had 0.27cm to 0.71cm wire width) and place it in the circuit connecting it in carefully between the two crocodile clips exactly the length that you want to test (in our test 30cm). If they are not exactly the width you want apart it will be an unfair test because they shorter the distance the easier it will be for the electrons to get to the other end because less energy is used to heat the wire and move the electrons. Once in its place record the current and the voltage from the ammeter and voltmeter to 2 decimal places and place in a chart, and from this you can work out the resistance by using R=V rule. I Once the results are recorded take the wire out and repeat the test again with the different piece of wire of the same length and record the results again as many times as possible in the time available but we will only have time to do each test twice. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main variable that affected our results was probably the length in between the crocodile clips that affected the length the current had to travel along the wire. This variable stood out a couple of times during the test especially the 0.32 test because the resistance results where too high for its wire width because it did not fit into the curve on the graph and 0.38 test the gap of the final resistance results were too large to give a very accurate average result, although there are some small inaccuracy's they are not strong enough not to give a good conclusion of how the width of a wire affects its resistance. Despite some of the results varying a bit, but the procedure we used was appropriate for what we wanted to do though. If I had to change something though I would change the way we did the measuring of the wire and placing it in the circuit, so we made sure they were 30 cm apart because that is what gave us the iffy results because the length of the wire changes the resistance of the wire. For further work relevant to this experiment we could find out how other variables such as the length and temperature of the wire affect the resistance of the wire. This would help us understand better how resistance varies under different conditions ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Electricity and Magnetism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Electricity and Magnetism essays

  1. Resistance and Wires

    This I did not notice as I was conducting the experiment so my conclusion was that the amp recording must have been wrong. I re-calculated the resistance of each length of wire and spent some time checking my work for other inaccuracies.

  2. Investigate the resistance of different wires and how at different lengths the voltage increases ...

    Does my evidence support my conclusion? My graph result doesn't match the theory 100%. My secondary source of data graph doesn't match the theory 100% either, so no my evidence doesn't support a definite conclusion. Although my results were reasonably accurate but it isn't that accurate that it would support

  1. Construct and test an anemometer.

    the most efficient way possible to keep air resistance and friction to a minimum. The wind's energy will be transferred to the motor, to create a voltage which I will record using a multimeter. This is in effect an alternating current generator on a very small scale and is similar

  2. "Are rechargeable batteries more economical than alkaline batteries?"

    or even in packs of ten. This will significantly reduce the price the batteries. Thus, even though Rayovac Maximum is significantly longer lasting, in the long run, with bulk buying Energiser MAX may be more cost effective. Nevertheless, even though Eveready Heavy Duty could be most economical (at $0.96 per battery), consumers would have to change batteries lot more frequently.

  1. A little bit about the life and times of Georg Simon Ohm:

    R is then calculated using the readings given on the meters: Figure1 Measurements of the current through a and the p.d. across it, can be used to find out its resistance. R= Voltmeter reading Ammeter reading For grater accuracy, a range of corresponding voltmeter and ammeter readings can be obtained and a graph of current against p.d.

  2. Objective: to investigate how the rate of resistance is affected by the different thicknesses ...

    Similarly that will mean more current and voltage. But there is something called a Superconductor which is totally different to this theory that resistance and heat increases with current. A Superconductor has no resistance at all and does not heat up because electrons are allowed to pass through the wires without transferring energy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work