• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Religion Religion is defined in two ways functional as in the function it perform for society and individuals as was said by Yinger "a system of beliefs and practises by a means of which a group of people struggles with the ultimate problems of human life". The second definition is substantive which the content of religion i.e. Dirkhyme's distinction between the sacred and profane. Marxists (Marx) believe that religion is an illusion which eases the pain produced by exploitation and oppression. It is a series of myths that justifies and legitimate the domination of the ruling class. Marx see it as the "sigh of the oppressed creature...it is the opium of the people. Marxists believe that religion comforts and makes life more bearable for working class people as there is a future in heaven which may explain the high number of religious people in third world countries. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly Marxists believe that religion is the opium of the people as mentioned above. Religion is like a drug that dulls pain and creates a dream world rather than bringing true happiness. Religion promises a paradise of eternal bliss in life after death. Religion can offer the hope of supernatural solutions the problems on earth and when people look forward t an event it makes the time passing more bearable. Feminists follow similar views as Marxist, by arguing that religion is an instrument of domination and oppression. They see religion as a product of patriarchy and they see it as serving the interests of men rather than those of a capitalist class i.e. Giddens who is not a feminist sociologist says "Christian religion is a resolutely male affair in its symbolism and its hierarchy. ...read more.

Conclusion

to control the oppressed group (women) and serves as a way for compensation women for their second class status... man enjoys the great advantage of having a God endorse the code he writes: Thus code uses divine authority to support made dominance. Armstrong (1993) pointed out that women occupy a marginal position in most major religions and although they have made gains in many areas of life but gains in religion are very limited. Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently. Both theories explain different parts of religion and how it affects our lives. They both show that religion is used as an instrument of oppression and domination and a product of patriarchy. It explains why more working class people go to church. Working class people use religion as opium as it dulls the pain and create a dream world rather bring true happiness. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shingai Kamere ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Functionalist views on Religion.

    The exclusiveness of many sects gives people a sense of identity, something that was previously lacking. E.g. Black Muslims. 4.Relative Deprivation Wallis argues that many young, white, middle class who joined world rejecting NRM's were on the margins- 'i.e. druggies'.

  2. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    There is therefore a considerable and growing social base of secularism in Pakistan's political as well as social life, a fact that is reflected in the repeated routs of the Islamic fundamentalist Jamaat-i-Islami in three successive elections in the country namely those of 1985, 1987 (local bodies election)

  1. Assess The Feminist View That Conventional Malestream Theories Are Inadequate For An Understanding Of ...

    Feminists argue that they have completely ignored women. Carol Smart (1977) pointed out the inadequacies of the studies into crime and deviancy. "Although there are massive documentation on all aspects of male delinquency and criminality, work carried out on the area of women and crime is extremely limited" (Haralambos, Themes And Perspectives, Fifth Edition, P408)

  2. Discuss how feminist theory can help explain women's experiences of health and or sport.

    Black feminism takes into account the cultural differences between races, that what is important in one culture is not necessarily as important in another. That these differences make all women individual and unique and therefore cannot all be grouped together as one.

  1. Pitted against Patriarchy

    lodgings those personal symbols reflecting those institutions: a picture of her dead aunt and an oleograph of the Sacred Heart. The events set between these two acts, chart the crisis experienced by Hearne as she recognizes the destructiveness and futility of these two objects which she has adopted as her family and which serve as "guide and comforter.

  2. Defining religion.

    o 2 tier system = black & white o As a result England stopped trading with S.Africa - even banned them from the Olympics o Huddleson made it a world issue & got the world to force it to

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    For example, if the family has a newborn child, the ' late night feeds' would typically be the mothers responsibility, as involvement in this task could effect the fathers performance at work. For functionalists, the family serves the needs of society and as a result of the male playing a

  2. The different theories of religion

    O'toole-This can also be seen in the early Christian sects which fought roman rule. Maduro- religion has some independence from the ruling class and can often be one of the only available channels to bring about social revolution because it brings together masses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work