• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Religion Religion is defined in two ways functional as in the function it perform for society and individuals as was said by Yinger "a system of beliefs and practises by a means of which a group of people struggles with the ultimate problems of human life". The second definition is substantive which the content of religion i.e. Dirkhyme's distinction between the sacred and profane. Marxists (Marx) believe that religion is an illusion which eases the pain produced by exploitation and oppression. It is a series of myths that justifies and legitimate the domination of the ruling class. Marx see it as the "sigh of the oppressed creature...it is the opium of the people. Marxists believe that religion comforts and makes life more bearable for working class people as there is a future in heaven which may explain the high number of religious people in third world countries. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly Marxists believe that religion is the opium of the people as mentioned above. Religion is like a drug that dulls pain and creates a dream world rather than bringing true happiness. Religion promises a paradise of eternal bliss in life after death. Religion can offer the hope of supernatural solutions the problems on earth and when people look forward t an event it makes the time passing more bearable. Feminists follow similar views as Marxist, by arguing that religion is an instrument of domination and oppression. They see religion as a product of patriarchy and they see it as serving the interests of men rather than those of a capitalist class i.e. Giddens who is not a feminist sociologist says "Christian religion is a resolutely male affair in its symbolism and its hierarchy. ...read more.

Conclusion

to control the oppressed group (women) and serves as a way for compensation women for their second class status... man enjoys the great advantage of having a God endorse the code he writes: Thus code uses divine authority to support made dominance. Armstrong (1993) pointed out that women occupy a marginal position in most major religions and although they have made gains in many areas of life but gains in religion are very limited. Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently. Both theories explain different parts of religion and how it affects our lives. They both show that religion is used as an instrument of oppression and domination and a product of patriarchy. It explains why more working class people go to church. Working class people use religion as opium as it dulls the pain and create a dream world rather bring true happiness. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shingai Kamere ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Functionalist views on Religion.

    Marginality Classical sociologists also pointed out that religious belief, was closely related to social stratification. Weber pointed out that sects are likely to emerge amongst those at the bottom of the social hierarchy. Such groups are likely to develop a 'theodicy of disprivilege'- a religious explanation and justification for why they are in their position.

  2. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    and, again, in 1988. There are, however, many lower middle class households in Pakistan where women have been given no education that could befit them for 'respectable' salaried jobs. Traditionally they were relegated to the role of 'housewives'. But, gradually and with increasing rapidity new avenues for exploiting the labour of these women have opened up.

  1. Assess The Feminist View That Conventional Malestream Theories Are Inadequate For An Understanding Of ...

    Feminists argue that they have completely ignored women. Carol Smart (1977) pointed out the inadequacies of the studies into crime and deviancy. "Although there are massive documentation on all aspects of male delinquency and criminality, work carried out on the area of women and crime is extremely limited" (Haralambos, Themes And Perspectives, Fifth Edition, P408)

  2. Discuss how feminist theory can help explain women's experiences of health and or sport.

    Black feminism sees the oppression of women as much to do with racism and the stereotyping of black women as to do with sexism, and that all issues need to be addressed before the emancipation of all women, regardless of ethnicity, will occur..

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    He separated the complementary qualities of the male and the female and distinguished that: the female role is expressive and the male role is instrumental. (Haralambos, 2000, page 132) This female expressive role provides affection and emotional support to all within the nuclear family, this contributes to the stabilisation of

  2. Feminism can be defined as the belief that women and men are, and have ...

    Female supremacists who advocate the women are morally superior to men and that patriarchy should be replaced by matriarchy. The radical-libertarian feminist believe that it is both possible and desirable for gender differences to be eradicated or at least greatly reduced.

  1. Pitted against Patriarchy

    place characterized by the burger mentality of its Presbyterian rulers."11 The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne and The Maiden Dinosaur are two novels which explore the Catholic and Protestant psychic malaise of middle class, middle aged unmarried women. Judith Hearne and her Protestant counterpart, Sarah Vincent in The Maiden Dinosaur

  2. The Influence and Role of Religion In Hopi Society.

    located in the Grand Canyon near the mouth of the Little Colorado River (Dozier, 1970, p.204). The Hopi had been instructed not to allow any witches or evildoers to ascend the ladder, but knew they had failed in this as one of the Hopi's children died in the journey.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work