• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Religion Religion is defined in two ways functional as in the function it perform for society and individuals as was said by Yinger "a system of beliefs and practises by a means of which a group of people struggles with the ultimate problems of human life". The second definition is substantive which the content of religion i.e. Dirkhyme's distinction between the sacred and profane. Marxists (Marx) believe that religion is an illusion which eases the pain produced by exploitation and oppression. It is a series of myths that justifies and legitimate the domination of the ruling class. Marx see it as the "sigh of the oppressed creature...it is the opium of the people. Marxists believe that religion comforts and makes life more bearable for working class people as there is a future in heaven which may explain the high number of religious people in third world countries. ...read more.

Middle

Lastly Marxists believe that religion is the opium of the people as mentioned above. Religion is like a drug that dulls pain and creates a dream world rather than bringing true happiness. Religion promises a paradise of eternal bliss in life after death. Religion can offer the hope of supernatural solutions the problems on earth and when people look forward t an event it makes the time passing more bearable. Feminists follow similar views as Marxist, by arguing that religion is an instrument of domination and oppression. They see religion as a product of patriarchy and they see it as serving the interests of men rather than those of a capitalist class i.e. Giddens who is not a feminist sociologist says "Christian religion is a resolutely male affair in its symbolism and its hierarchy. ...read more.

Conclusion

to control the oppressed group (women) and serves as a way for compensation women for their second class status... man enjoys the great advantage of having a God endorse the code he writes: Thus code uses divine authority to support made dominance. Armstrong (1993) pointed out that women occupy a marginal position in most major religions and although they have made gains in many areas of life but gains in religion are very limited. Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently. Both theories explain different parts of religion and how it affects our lives. They both show that religion is used as an instrument of oppression and domination and a product of patriarchy. It explains why more working class people go to church. Working class people use religion as opium as it dulls the pain and create a dream world rather bring true happiness. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shingai Kamere ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Defining religion.

    Suffering created by an unequal society are justified by religion masking its real cause & preventing people from seeing ways to change society o Religion justifies the social system, representing it as the creation of some all-powerful supernatural being whose authority of course, would be foolish & wrong to challenge

  2. Functionalist views on Religion.

    They are concerned with religious rather than worldly questions. * Seek to restore the spiritual purity to a religion, which they believe has been lost in more conventional churches. World Affirming NRM's * Very different from other religious groups and may lack some of the features normally associated with religion. Claim to provide access to supernatural or spiritual powers.

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    Liberal feminism considers gender inequalities as harmful to both men and (primarily) women as a result of the gender role socialisation process. Men are denied the opportunity to form intimate bonds with their children and women are denied access to high-status employment.

  2. The Influence and Role of Religion In Hopi Society.

    their performance of ceremonies to the Bear clan or on their ability to bring rain. Clan stature that still exists was taking its form. Hopi clans take their names from animals, plants or different aspects of nature and a powerful relationship exists between the clan and what it is named after.

  1. Discuss how feminist theory can help explain women's experiences of health and or sport.

    Black feminism takes into account the cultural differences between races, that what is important in one culture is not necessarily as important in another. That these differences make all women individual and unique and therefore cannot all be grouped together as one.

  2. History of womens oppression in Afghanistan.

    In their articles (16) they show readers the seriousness of Northern Alliance being Afghanistan's leaders. A quote from an article states, "...the Northern Alliance left the city in 1996 with 50, 000 dead behind it." (16) 2) Causality/Blame, In the case of RAWA it is very obvious who is to 'blame'.

  1. Pitted against Patriarchy

    The strictures of Catholicism serve to dictate the attitudes, behaviour and beliefs of both themselves and their communities. Freedom within such a structure is merely an illusion and any attempt to live outside its tenets result in psychological distress and final submission.

  2. Feminism can be defined as the belief that women and men are, and have ...

    end heterosexual relationships, total restructuring of society. This view is held by a majority of radical feminist who seek to overhaul the whole society so as to satisfy their needs. Radical feminism is split into four sub-categories namely; separatist feminist who argue for the independent organisation of women independently outside make dominated societies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work