• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Socioeconomic life course influences on womens smoking

Extracts from this document...


Socioeconomic life course influences on Women's Smoking Status Hilary Graham carried out a study to help her incorporate women's domestic trajectories and also their personal circumstances into analyses of the socioeconomic influences on women's smoking status in early adulthood. This was a widely influential study which has been replicated many times in the form of a cross-sectional study set in Southampton. The initial sample Hilary Graham used for this study was 8438 women aged between 25-, these women were recruited from 1998-2002 patient lists of general practices. This study also produced some very influential findings. According to many feminists domestic life course factors contribute to the odds of being a current smoker and former smoker in models that include conventional measures of the socioeconomic life course. ...read more.


There has also been further evidence from sociologists that shows that there is increasing evidence that the socioeconomic environment in both childhood and adulthood influences adult health is starting to stimulate additional research on how social disadvantages takes its toll across the course of people's lives. This research has been characterised by, firstly, a reliance on a comparative narrow conceptualisation of the socioeconomic life course, also its application to a comparatively narrow range of health related outcomes. The socioeconomic life course is represented as a person's journey from the socioeconomic environment of the natural family, through the education system. ...read more.


They are also much more likely to enter and exit into and from marriages at much earlier ages just to try to gain some financial support. Parenthood also has much higher economic opportunity costs for women as many may receive child benefit. Overall it has been found that poor and inadequate childhood circumstances and low educational attainment at schools anticipate early entry into motherhood, a pathway into adulthood that in turn increases the risk of lone parenthood and future socioeconomic disadvantage. Also, evidence has suggested that a women's current socioeconomic position has a very powerful effect on smoking status after adjustment for childhood circumstances. Childhood effects have also been found to also create further health problems for women such as depression and many psychological problems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Construction of Childhood

    As a result of these recommendations, children's departments were established at this time, with the Welfare departments providing training and centres. Homeless families now had a right to be accommodated by local authorities and children had to be looked after.

  2. History of womens oppression in Afghanistan.

    STRUCTURE OF RAWA RAWA is organised in the form of a 'Council of Leadership'. Members inside and outside the country elect this council every year. There has been no single president since Meena. The council assigns three members from among themselves and each of these three members heads one

  1. Speech Smoking

    Previously, trade was limited, and demand was often concentrated to the villages where guilds controlled wage systems and production. People could choose the number of hours and days they could work at home. However with the factory system, it created the possibility of meeting the demand for consumer goods on

  2. Discuss the ways that domestic ideology constructed femininity and what this meant for women's ...

    They were seen in public places for the first time, in occupations such as engineering and government offices. Women's role in the public sphere was accepted and indeed, encouraged by society in general. The images of working girls portrayed by the media and state agencies signified hardworking, patriotic women who were offering an invaluable contribution to the national struggle.

  1. Gender and body image - Looking at women and men through the life course.

    Although today boys and girls may study the same curriculum, some subjects are still labelled as being male or female subjects. Increasing anxieties about sexual threat in contemporary society, because of sexual abuse cases, has become increasingly popular; causing boys and girls to be treated differently.

  2. African-America women's feminism in BAM.

    During the early 1960s, women seldom could control and lead most protest movements; however, some feminists in the civil rights and the New Left could learn lessons from males' controlling world (83). Black females understood how they were oppressed by sexism.

  1. Sociology - Womens and housework

    In addition they also establish that men decide which tasks they will do, and they don't choose the ones that are uninteresting and monotonous. ANNE OAKELY (1974) was extremely vital of the methodology of Wilmot and young. Oakley's research found out that it was pretty rare for men to do a lot of housework.

  2. Feminist approaches to women's writing.

    Wanda is actually quite an unpredicted nature. She's a divorced educator whose self-governing thinking brings a school superintendent to "examine and testimony" (Lauret, 1994) certain things to the Education Authority. Wanda's mottled daughter, Scarlet, finds herself as an unwed mother with tremendously narrow choices, and as a "consequence of dire deficiency" (Westling, 1996)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work