• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

business logistic

Extracts from this document...


Today we can many success stories of Lean manufacturing and logistics from Toyota. Even today people fear change and think single minutes are impossible. Imagine what Taiichi Ohno, The chief engineer at Toyota in the 1950s, must have felt like 50 years ago trying to do something that had never been done. Nowadays Toyota uses these logistics technologies to improve their production line to increase competitive and reduce cost. I. Just-in-Time Toyota Motor Corporation subsequently adopted and publicized this technology. In Toyota company known "Just- in- Time"(JIT) meaning as "what is needed, when it is needed and in the amount needed." Toyota Company has to eliminate waste, inconsistencies, and unreasonable requirements, resulting in improve productivity thought using JIT technology successfully. Under JIT system, Toyota factory's set up times are significantly reduced. When the products working in process, are reduced it and can cut down the set up time. Thus, the factory will allow improving their bottom line to look more efficient and focus time spent on other areas which need improvement. ...read more.


Thus, Toyota encourages their suppliers to duplicate this work with their own suppliers. II. Kanban System The idea of Kanban System came from supermarkets, it has also been called the "supermarket method". It is a unique production control method in Toyota's production system. The system use product control cards on which product related information, such as product name, product code, and storage location to signal the need for items. Because Toyota employed Kanban System signs in place of the cards for use in production process, the method came to be called the "Kanban System". Kanban System is part of a pull system that determines the supply, or production, according to the actual demand of the customers. It is used as a demand sifnal which immediately propagates through the supply chain. This can be used to ensure that intermediate stocks held in the supply chain are better managed, usually smaller. Kanban is a concept related to lean and JIT production. The Japanese word Kanban is a common everyday term meaning "signboard" or "billboard" and utterly lacks the specialized meaning that this loanword has acquired in English. ...read more.


For a typical product this supply chain extends from a raw material source through the production and distribution system to the point of consumption and the associated reverse logistics. The logistical activities include freight transport, storage, inventory management, materials handling and all the related information processing. The main objective of logistics is to co-ordinate these activities in a way that meets customer requirements at minimum cost. In the past this cost has been defined in purely monetary terms. As concern for the environment rises, companies must take more account of the external costs of logistics associated mainly with climate change, air pollution, noise, vibration and accidents. This research project is examining ways of reducing these externalities and achieving a more sustainable balance between economic, environmental and social objectives. JIT was subsequently adopted and publicized by Toyota Motor Corporation of Japan as part of its Toyota Production System. Toyota implemented Kanban System correctly, so JIT can lead to effective improvements in a manufacturing organization's return on investment, quality, and efficiency. Green Logistics get a lot support from many organizations, it makes environment friendly while saving cost. Theses technologies are used by another companies. i http://www.toyota.co.jp ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Business Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Business Studies essays

  1. Advance Professional Development

    and convey ideas appropriately and accurately in writing * successfully give a presentation or demonstration * demonstrate that information being received is understood by using a range of verbal and non-verbal signals * understand when people have taken account of your views and you of theirs 4.

  2. A Corporate Governance Review of Toyota

    Product recalls and unsatisfactory investor communications are two main factors behind the crisis which ultimately lead to a lack of consumer and investor trust and a devaluation of the Toyota Corporation. Governance mechanisms Governance mechanisms exists to ensure that managers do their work in accordance with the owners.

  1. Business Project

    provisions that the Mac Operating System provides > Due to the number of users and the system itself it is highly vulnerable and prone to malicious viruses , spyware and adware which could result in loss of data , important information , personal information ,> There are counterfeit and copied versions available for users to download and gain access illegally.

  2. This paper will concentrate on Apples Apple TV business, and its complementing iTunes business.

    These are users with already a form of digital content. With Apple TV, the target market segment is large. The entire iTunes user base was a target, as were customers of the Apple's computer and iPod business. Apple TV provided a unique value to users with content spread over different devices.

  1. Finance and business questions and answers.

    The four basic international business strategies are: 1. Global Standardization Strategy 2. Localization Strategy 3. Transnational Strategy 4. International Strategy. Global Standardization Strategy - In this strategy firms concentrate on increasing profits by reducing cost and by taking advantage of economies of scale, learning effects, and location economies.

  2. Marketing. In my project, I am going to be looking at how Nestls Smarties ...

    Can you describe what the Smarties packaging looks like? Please state__________________ 10. Have you ever bought any of the following Smarties products? i. ? Smarties Easter Eggs ii. ? Smarties Chocolate bars iii. ? Fruity Smarties iv. ? Christmas Giant tubes v. ? Mini Smarties vi. ? Smarties cookies vii.

  1. The Business Environment of Coca Cola

    The businesses supply goods and services vital to the local area. Government economic policies affect firm?s costs. Legislation regulates what business can do in areas such as the environment and occupational safety and health. Businesses with success are good for government as they create wealth and employment.

  2. Ford Company Analysis - corporate structure and financial analysis

    Part II 1. Based on the cost of capital approach, what is the optimal debt ratio for your firm? As it can be seen from section 6. optimal D/D+E ratio for company is 90% (cost of capital is minimised) 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work