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Orgnizationl, Theory, Change & Culture

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Business Administration Collage MBA Program 2009 - 2010 Organizational Theory, Design & Change Student Name: Hadeel Yaser Agha ID Number: 554 Presented to: Dr. Kota Introduction This report is focuses on Organizational Ethics, values, structures & Cultures and how they affect the organization environment in both dimensions internal and external. The project covers the following terms: * Identifying Organization, organizational Structures, cultures & ethics * Overview about Johnson & Johnson and Crown Corning's and the ethical issues that they faced and how each organization deal with there own problems. * The type of organization structures in UAE / Middle East in both Government & Private Sectors Organization definition: An organization is a social arrangement which pursues collective goals, controls its own performance, and has a boundary separating it from its environment. The word itself is derived from the Greek word organon, itself derived from the better-known word ergon. In the social sciences, organizations are studied by researchers from several disciplines, the most common of which are sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management, and organizational communication. The broad area is commonly referred to as organizational studies, organizational behavior or organization analysis. Therefore, a number of different theories and perspectives exist, some of which are compatible. Organizational structures The study of organizations includes a focus on optimizing organizational structure. According to management science, most human organizations fall roughly into four types: * Pyramids or hierarchies * Committees or juries * Matrix organizations * Ecologies Pyramids or hierarchies A hierarchy exemplifies an arrangement with a leader who leads leaders. This arrangement is often associated with bureaucracy. Hierarchies were satirized in The Peter Principle (1969), a book that introduced hierarchiology and the saying that "in a hierarchy every employee tends to rise to his level of incompetence". An extremely rigid, in terms of responsibilities, type of organization is exemplified by F�hrerprinzip. Committees or juries These consist of a group of peers who decide as a group, perhaps by voting. ...read more.

Middle

Each society has its own characteristic identities. These have to preserved and respected. In the majority of Arabia & Muslim countries, some steps of skmc may not be accepted by some individual. New modern attitudes or behaviors should not be enforced in any way, shape or form on our society We as educators strike a balance between Western & Muslim societies. In this context, methodology of teaching skmc must be fitting to our people and has to be accepted. The following points are applied health personal, even emergency medical technicians, paramedics and the public at large. A) BEHAVIOR & ATTITUDE a). Always be courteous, polite & behave in proper, correct and ethical Islamic manner. Introduce yourself to the patient's relative and explain what you are about to do and Why. When you deal with patients , always treat a patient as you would treat your own mother or father b). NEVER ask a female; either health care professional or in training or in practice. Instructors must respect the wishes of the candidates B) MOUTH TO MOUTH a).NOT be practiced at all By: medical personal & paramedicsThey must use a pocket mask or ambubag " the objective is to protect themselves "But the reason here is social one b). PUBLIC AT LARGE: Introduce yourself first to the relative better to use any material e.g.: Handkerchief or Towel to avoid direct contact between yourself & the patient C) AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION- UNCONSIOUS PATIENT a). NEVER sit astride a patient at any time it is Unacceptable to people b). Instead, kneel beside the patient and apply the abdominal thrust to relieve the object obstructing the airway D) DEFIBRILLATION & MONITORING a). NEVER Expose any lady in public or in hospital for the purpose of defibrillation, monitoring or auscultation. Make sure Of crowd control & ask for their help. Ask a group of people to make a circle with their backs to the patient to make a cordon before applying any resuscitative measures E. ...read more.

Conclusion

Among those who benefited fro m the assistance the elderly we re the largest group re p resenting 43 per cent of the total. They were followed by widows, divorcees, the deserted, the unmarried, expatriate wives, orphans, families of prisoners and married students. Today almost 40,000 nationals benefit from social security and nearly 9,000 receive pensions totaling Dh 720 million annually. In July 1999 the Federal National Council approved new legislation regulating social security benefits. Under the new law people entitled to monthly social benefits include national widows and divorced women, the disabled and handicapped, the elderly, orphans, single daughters, married students, relatives of a jailed dependent, estranged wives and insolvents. Under the law all widowed and divorced national women who were married to foreigners are also eligible for social security benefits. The Social Security Committee may also consider an application from a national woman whose foreign husband is unable to earn a living for reasons beyond his control or if his income is less than that needed to run the home (Dh 5,000). Conclusion: We can conclude that An organization is a social arrangement which pursues collective goals, controls its own performance, and has a boundary separating it from its environment, and it is obviously know that all organization must have its own structures, cultures, values, and ethics. But to be successful regionally and international, it has to follow up the changes in the environment that required for the company but which not conflicting with Sharia laws , and in the same time increase the efficiency of the organization by many ways to create a good atmosphere work with the employees which reflect the good performance and productivity that lead to the good repetitions for the organization that all people look forward to deal with. Finally the assignment includes and covers all the required that took in the course which supported by too many cases studies and its solutions. ...read more.

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