Benefits and disadvantages of European expansion
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Audrey Plessas 1S5 Geography Essay The benefits brought about by the European Union outweigh the disadvantages. Discuss. In 1957, the European Union was created in order to construct a more united Europe, strengthening its war-affected members. The Union brought to its countries not only economic boosting, but also social and political benefits. However, disadvantages to this unification have also been discovered since. Nowadays, being in the EU is both a boon and a drawback in all three departments. Therefore, is it still advantageous for a country to be a member of the European Union? Primarily, the European union has caused the economy of its members to considerably increase. This effect was mostly due to the creation of a single market, engendering more competition amongst companies and lower prices. Free trade in the Schengen area for example allowed companies making business in other member countries to reduce the cost of exporting across Europe as custom taxes were suppressed.
The idea of a union brings the member states to a term of peace, reducing political tensions and war probability. Another important factor to the stability within the union is the obligatory maintain of democracy in all countries in the EU. Furthermore, considering the 27 countries it represents, it's voice is more largely heard on the international scale, thus giving the EU much more political influence. Consequentially, a country like Romania that has, on its own, not very much political power, achieved more weight internationally by joining the EU. Also, the North Atlantic Treaty organization, which is an organization between 23 of the members of the EU promising to each other military support in case of any external offensive, endorses a gain of political authority, as the EU and it's members are stronger against any possible rival. On the other hand, negative effects such as the loss of sovereignty are linked to joining the Union.
The people of the European nations are therefore protected from many injustices. In addition, there is also security traffics such as drugs or immigration. Although there are no more frontiers inside of the European Union, all the countries have participated in making the borders of the union very protected and a more secure life inside these boundaries. However, this idea of standardizing social policies to all of Europe and mixing more and more can be seen as the reducing of the individuality each country has. This also often endorses the dilemma of governments having to choose whether they should take decisions for the good of the EU or only their country. Thus, citizens now belong to a larger nation state in a sense, possibly harming the civil rights, the economy or other facets down the road. The EU brings to its member countries, on one hand, economical, political and social power but on the other hand inequality, and a threat to the individual governmental power. Consequently, the advantages over through the minor disadvantages, which can be dealt with. However, these deficiencies could become more serious with time and the expansion of the European Union.
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