• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Famine + Long-term Hunger Notes What defines famine?

Extracts from this document...


Sasha Zouev Geography 11b, 11/01/06 Famine + Long-term Hunger Notes What defines famine? - According to dictionary.com, famine is: a severe shortage of food (as through crop failure) resulting in violent hunger and starvation and death Where is this happening? * Many African countries, mainly on the horn of Africa, witness famines on a regular basis. * Ethiopia, located in western Africa, above Kenya and neighbouring Somalia Dates? * 1973; Famine in Northern provinces, contributed to fall of Imperial government and led to Derg rule. * Ethiopian famine in 1984, claimed nearly one million lives which was considered as a massive death toll in any one famine. * In 1981, a substantial drought wiped out harvests. In March the Government warned that 5 million people were risking starvation because only 6.2 million tonnes of grain a year could be made, one million less than needed. ...read more.


* When a rainfall shortage or drought occurs, as in the last 20 years, the situation changes. * For example in 2005, the area only received around 35% of the average annual rainfall, totalling to a deficit of around 350 mm, * These droughts and rainfall shortages, combined with other factors such as high cereal prices, a sharply increasing population and political conflict are the main conditions that lead to famine. * That said, there are contrasting opinions on the relationship between drought and famine * Some experts claim that based on certain case studies, it can be seen that the famines of the 1970's show that drought leads to famine only if inequalities fixed into the methods of food distribution are present. * These inequalities can be lack of media freedom and democracy, which flaw the system of distributing the little food there is. ...read more.


villages and farms by the military and transported to various regions in the south What, if anything at all, is being done to help? * A warning network in Ethiopia, established by the United States, indicated in the opening months of the year that poor rains would mean hunger. * Both rainy seasons failed, meaning that crops were far below the requirements of the population. * In July, food aid was being sent from abroad to feed 250,000 people facing immediate hunger. * Serious efforts have been made to prevent further famines * There have also been efforts to improve rural transport and roads to link rural communities with the main road systems to improve delivery of food in times of shortage. * Overall, Ethiopia has not been able to overcome the major problem of erratic rains and the effect this has on national food production. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. IB Geography HL Report - Long Hai

    Sapa is the small nation city in Vietnam. We can experience what beauty is. Ha long bay has fantastically-shaped rocks in the sea. Dong Khoi is located in central Saigon. There's an agglomeration with expensive hotels, Shops and restaurants. Also, if you go through this street, you may see the buildings that represent Saigon as well as Vietnam.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Transfer of Skills 79. Business, trade, professional, social and cultural organisations should make all efforts to recruit foreign talent to become members or associates of their organisations. These organisations should then actively facilitate the transfer of know-how and knowledge of the foreign talent to the Singaporean members.

  1. Food aid: case study

    DFID will provide �7 million over the next three years with the possibility of further support later. Humanitarian Assistance will receive a multi-annual budget of �500,000 per year for the next three years to tackle longer-term nutritional vulnerabilities. DFID will continue to monitor the humanitarian situation closely in these countries,

  2. Shanty Case Study

    The vegetable fields and farm animals promote independent sustainability and reduce the strain for food from outside sources, but the animals and the close proximity that human contact is made with them helps to promote disease and poor sanitation. This policy helps the situation in the beginning but is extremely

  1. Study of Agricultural Systems

    Extensive subsistence farming is not the most effective form of agriculture because first, production is only enough to feed the family. Second, production depends greatly on climate, soil conditions, and agricultural practices. Generally, it requires between 1000 and 40000m� (0.25 and 10 acres)

  2. The Effect of Changing Distance From Toronto's Central Business District on Parking Prices.

    Municipal 1.5km $11.00 Picture 5: Parking Lot S8 Analysis of Data As one can tell from the data and graphs on the previous pages, the general trend for the change in prices as distance from the YDI increases is that prices decrease, resulting in an inverse relationship between distance from YDI and price.

  1. The Disparites in Kenya

    10% of Kenyan's control 42% of the total income whereas the bottom 10% control below 1%.3 Employment is a heavily weighted aspect of the many inequalities that exist in Kenya. A large majority of the poorer Kenyans are employed in the agriculture sector, about 70%.

  2. Malaria Conditions in Venezuela

    International Atomic Energy Agency as to ensure a safe removal of nuclear waste as well a safe utilization of nuclear power plants. The International Atomic Energy Agency also works in joint with WHO, the World Health Organization, in order to combat those who have been affected by nuclear contamination, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work