• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ancient Greece revision notes

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐ANCIENT GREECE Early civilizations The Minoans (On the island of Crete) * Between 2000 and 1450 BCE during the bronze age * Ruled by King Minos, his palace located at Knossos (important archeological find, and his palace became the centres of exchange for Minoan economy) * Greek historian Thucydides told of king Minos * They were great navigators and farmers * They developed linear A and B * Artistic expressions and grand construction * Earthquake destroys Minoan palaces * It is thought that either a volcanic eruption or war between Minoans and Mycenaeans led to decline of power The Mycenaeans 1600 to 1100 BCE(close to the sea) * Indo-European people invaded mainland Greece, replaced language with Achaean, and took control over palace of Knossos * Mycenaeans soon controlled mainland Greece, and thus main political centre was Mycenae * They were more interested in war, their main ruler was king Agamemnon, but each city had its own king * Kings gained wealth from trading and piracy * They had small farming communities * Homer wrote the Iliad and Odyssey, about the Trojan wars * We gain much of our knowledge of the Mycenaean age from Homer?s poems and archeological discoveries (Agamemnon?s palace) * Their graves were vertical burial shafts * The artifacts found in these graves show strong influence from Minoans * The end of it?s civilizations is thought to be due to civil wars among Micenaean cities, outside invasion, drought or famine, or disease. All centers except Athens fell Dark Ages (1100 to 800 BCE) ...read more.

Middle

* Few gatherings * Corinth & Thebes were Sparta?s strongest allies * It was significant because it fortified the alliance between Sparta, Corinth and Thebes and gave Sparta more power * It was also significant because it was one of the main reasons of the cause of the Peloponnesian war PELOPONNESIAN WAR Short / long term causes * The formation of the delian league and Sparta not joining them caused tension * More tension was caused when Sparta sensed Athens becoming more powerful (?the growth of power of Athens and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta made war inevitable? * Athens tried to expand its empire in central Greece, threatening Spartan empire * Also, Athens blocked some cities from trading at Athenian controlled ports, and some members of Delian league opposed to this; and to solve problems Athens asked Sparta for help and they refused, which resulted in the outbreak of the Peloponnesian war * Helots revolt Affects: * Athens' dominance of the Greek world was shattered. It lost its empire and the tribute it exacted therefrom, so its financial superiority and consequently maintain the largest war fleet collapsed. In the short term it went through a period of internal political instability. * Sparta became the dominant power for three decades until this was broken by Thebes, after which is was not a major player. * The Greek world suffered great destruction, which allowed Persia to have a dominating say in Greek affairs. * Macedonia progressively improved its position until it became dominant, with Philip and then his son Alexander becoming Hegemon of Greece. ...read more.

Conclusion

Athens and Sparta united and Egypt gave up on attempting to be of impirial status. Alexander is found on reliefs and stellas throughout Egypt from Thebes to Memphis and aside from Cleopatra he was the only Mesopotamian ruler to truly rule all of his empire. * Alexander was succeeded after his death by three rulers, the most notable was Ptolemy who ruled Egypt until his death and was the first lover of Cleopatra. Mark Antony and Octavian Caesar came after Ptolemy. Alexander was the man who defeated the Persians. He died in the persuit of finding the mythical tribe of women warriors known as the Amazons who were said to reside in India. At the time it was uncharted and to them, the end of the Earth. * He provided a model for the series of Hellenistic kings that followed (3 kingdoms dominated eastern Mediterranean until the Romans came) * Egypt; Ptolemy, who was granted Egypt after Alexander?s death, succeeded in founding a dynasty which ruled the country until his most famous descendant, Cleopatra, was defeated. The Ptolemies also controlled lands outside of Egypt * Seleucid territory; the capture of Babylon by seleucus marked the foundation fo the Seleucid dynasty. Its kingdom was the largest of any other Hellenistic kingdom. However, it lost both its territories in east and west; in the east Afghanistan turned into an independent greek kingdom and there also merged the non-greek kingdom of Parthia. In the west the new greek kingdom of the Attalids formed. * Mecedon; Alexander?s dynasty was exterminated, and possession of the land was fiercely contested, until Antigonus Gonatas succeeded in establishing himself securely in power (The Antigonic dynasty ruled the country until it was conquered by Rome) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The most famous porcelain factory was built at Sevres and Madame was a protector of most of the French authors. She was also a protector of the editors of Encyclopedia. Madame was blamed of the defeats during Seven Years War.

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Italy became unified from above, much to his disgust. He described the new Italian unified state as a 'dead corpse'. ´┐Ż Some may judge that Italy unified on Mazzinian lined could have been a more liberal, progressive and altogether preferable state to the one that did emerge.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    * The CCP did not lose total support of the peasants because the nationalists were a little worse. It did not make sense for CCP to oppress the peasants as it came to power to 'liberate the people', so when the blame came from within the party, Mao blamed Liu

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Training 1. At 20 his education had been taken over by extreme conservative Konstantin Pobedonostsev (among others) who called democracy an ?insupportable dictatorship of vulgar crowd.? 2. Before his ascension Alexander III represented the nationalist opposition of the political right.

  1. Comparing Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

    (Lefkowitz 30). The reflection of idea ?life after death? takes place in the temples that the two civilizations made. Ancient Egyptians created their pyramids and other temples such as the great Ramesseum had which had great importance for them. Similarly for ancient Greek, there is the great Acropolis.

  2. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Act: Gave government right to? - Arrest and detain people suspected of being enemy aliens - Dictate farmers and factory owners on what to produce (ex. Munitions) - Victory loans getting financial support from people with small incomes Military Service Act: Forced men to fight overseas Immigration: Government outlawed enemy language newspapers.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The UN Resolution 242 - A masterpiece of diplomatic ambiguity, calling for peace in return for territory, return of occupied territories, recognition of state sovereignty. - The two sides interpreted the document very differently. - All the Arab states bar Syria accepted it - this was implicit acknowledgement of Israel's

  2. Which of indoctrination and repression proved most effective for consolidating Hitler's power (1933-1939)?

    Nevertheless some local Reich governors and Nazi parties still took the matter into their own hands(didn?t listen to the guidelines given by the Ministry), which made it seem as if the law on her own wasn?t enough, that?s probably what explains the appointment of the Lord Mayor.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work