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Civics Debate

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Introduction

Civics Debate: Proposition Case Defining Terms: Senate elected: Senates of Canada should be elected as members of House of Commons, but not appointed by the Governor General on the advice of Prime Minister. Points: 1. If one of the candidates, who is a member of the opposition party, wins the senate election, should the Prime Minister still appoint him/her to the Senate? Also, for the supporters or members of the NDP, which thinks Senate should be abolished, they will not willingly and likely to run candidates. Therefore their interests are not represented and will cause an unfair situation. 2. It is possibly that there be riding boundaries established, or the candidates be elected through an at-large system. Most of the population in Canada now lives in urban areas than rural areas. The introduction of an at-large system will give urban areas a larger voice. Again this will also case an unfair situation. 3. There are also problems about campaign finances. Who are going to finance the candidates? If there are spending limits, will those limits be set by the provinces or the federal government? ...read more.

Middle

Thank you speaker, but my opponent said this: The Senate came into existence in 1867, when the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the British North America Act, uniting the Province of Canada (which was separated into Quebec and Ontario) with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single federation, a Dominion called Canada. The Senate was intended to mirror the British House of Lords, which means to represent the social and economic elite. The first Prime Minister of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald, described Senate as a body of "sober second thought" that would curb the "democratic excesses" of the elected House of Commons. Canada should not disobey the original need for Senate; therefore the Senate should not be elected. Also, elected Senate will just take in all of the politics like in the House of Commons. It will just become another House of Commons. The Senate will no longer have a real purpose like the chamber of sober second thought. Therefore, it will be more hassles for government and Canadians. In the process of making a Bill becomes a Law, the Senate plays an important role. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore their interests are not represented and will cause an unfair situation. In addition, it is possibly that there be riding boundaries established, or the candidates are elected through an at-large system. Most of the population in Canada now lives in urban areas than rural areas. So then this system will cause the unfair situation towards people that live in rural areas. There are also problems about campaign finances. Who are going to finance the candidates? If there are spending limits, will those limits be set by the provinces or the federal government? Quebec vowed to go to court if necessary to stop Prime Minister Stephen Harper's plans to reform Canada's unelected Senate. As we know that Canadian federal government had wondered very hard in the past years from Canadian Confederation on French and English Canadian relationship. Quebec obviously does not support Senate election. Therefore, there will be another conflict and gap between Quebec and the rest of Canada if Senate will be elected. In addition, an official in Ontario said the government continues to believe that "the changes being introduced by the federal government require the consent of the provinces." And Ontario's premier, Dalton McGuinty, would prefer to abolish the chamber altogether, if the prime minister is determined to push ahead with Senate reform. ...read more.

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