• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Clash of Cultures

Extracts from this document...


Clash of Cultures America in the 1920s The roaring twenties were known for: The speakeasy. The flapper. Al Capone. Prohibition. Cars and consumer culture. Yet the popular stereotype of this lively decade hides its greater cultural and historical significance. Despite what seemed like a fun era, the 1910s and 1920s were really marked by a deep clash of cultures. During the 1920s many things changed: The farmer, who had occupied a favored place in American mythology since the time of Thomas Jefferson, rapidly gave way to the industrialist, the capitalist, and the entrepreneur. The town, the cultural center of preindustrial America, rapidly gave way to the city. More than half of the nation's population now lived in cities and towns. Urban communities were now unquestionably lively and stimulating. There were many things to see-museums, art exhibits, plays, athletic events, trade expositions, and the like. A value system of restraint, hard work, and moral character that had dominated mainstream American life in the 1800s gave way to the more relaxed morals of the twentieth century. In an increasingly consumer-based society, leisure and pleasure were now prized over hard work and self-denial. With the old giving way to the new, there were people who were afraid of all the changes. In America, there was a general division between those who embraced the new changes and looked with hope to the future and those who idealized the past and resisted cultural change. ...read more.


Many, however, considered the new woman to be a threat to social morality and opposed the flapper, the icon of the new woman in the 1920s, and what she represented: partying, drinking, and loose morals. Racial and Ethnic Conflict: The 1920s were also marked by a high degree of racial and ethnic conflict. One of the least-remembered facts regarding the 1920s is that the second wave of the Ku Klux Klan reached its peak, with roughly 5 million members. The group persecuted African Americans, Jews, Catholics, women, immigrants, and Communists. Violence against African Americans was especially prevalent in the South. In 1922, more than 50 African Americans had been lynched. The KKK also focused much of its attention on the rising immigrant population of the cities. (These immigrants had come to work in America's factories.) Religion and Evolution: Newspapers and magazines paid close attention to the struggle over teaching evolution in public schools. Fundamentalist religious groups pressured state lawmakers to ban the teaching of evolution to schoolchildren, convinced that such teachings would weaken students' faith and contribute to what was perceived as the generally weakening moral tone of the nation. The effort to ban the teaching of evolution reached its climax in Tennessee, which became to first state to adopt this ban on evolution. From July 10-21, the trial of high school teacher John Scopes took place in Dayton, Tennessee. ...read more.


During the 1920s large, Art Deco motion-picture houses were constructed. By the mid 1920s movies had started coming out in color, and sound was added in the late 1920s. Radio and Television.. Radio, as it is known by the public, was born in the 1920s. The first commercial radio station went on the air in 1920. Between 1923 and 1930, 60 percent of American families purchased radios. Families gathered around their radios for night-time entertainment. As radio ownership increased, so did the number of radio stations. By 1929 there was a wellregulated industry of hundreds of stations. Although a commercially viable television prototype was not developed until the 1930s, a primitive form of black-and-white television was publicly demonstrated in the late 1920s, and active experimentation with color television was under way. Discovering New Galaxies. Astronomy went through a period of rapid change in the 1920s. Before the 1920s everybody, including scientists, thought that the Milky Way-the galaxy that includes our solar system-was the entire universe. By the end of the decade astronomers had found that the Milky Way was just one ordinary galaxy among a multitude of others. (As a joke, astronomers named one of the new galaxies "Snickers" to make fun of a popular candy bar named after our own galaxy.) The Big Bang Theory. Scientists also considered the universe to be fairly static (not moving), until the Big Bang theory of the origin of the universe was set forth in the late 1920s. Suddenly the universe was described as rapidly expanding and ever-changing. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Roaring Twenties in Australia.

    Whalebone corsets and elaborate dresses and hats were out. From the mid-1920s the length of these dresses shortened dramatically, much to the distress of the more conservative elements in Australian society. For the first time dresses rose above the knee and, as more leg was exposed silk stockings became an essential part of a lady's wardrobe.

  2. Life in the USA 1920's

    yet there were other causes, such as weaknesses in the banking system, overproduction and maldistribution of the wealth. As a consequence, most banks in the country went bankrupt, people lost their homes. Jobs and poverty increased enormously. Furthermore, as a consequence of the boom, social aspects also changed considerably.

  1. Interpretation of Labor, Women, and African America Progressives: How successful were they by 1920?

    Conditions in working jobs were still dangerous and unjust, with low wages, and long-hour days still enforced. Women Progressives during the late nineteenth century were struggling to break out of their roles as domestic wives and create equality between men and women.

  2. How Successful was the Dayton Peace Agreement in Bringing Sustainable Governance to Bosnia and ...

    These elections can be regarded as a failure of democracy as they were a cause of the civil war later (Chandler 29). Prior to the 1990 elections Bosnia was a symbol of cultural co-existence amongst the different religions and ethnic groups in Yugoslavia.

  1. Political Experiments of the 1920s

    In reaction to these improvements, European apaters became conservative. 2) The Soviet Experiment Begins i) The communist Party of the Soviet Union retained power until 1991. ii) Communists thinking that they are trying to create a utopian world at any costs.

  2. Language as a Tool for Human Evolution

    If scientists discovering new chemical reactions had not written them down and then explained them to others, we would still be trying to understand how acids neutralize bases, instead of moving on and building on that knowledge to discover more things that allow our society to progress.

  1. To what extent did women gain social equality during the 1920s?

    She describes young women with the flapper image, as having a negative public image. “Latham’s analysis, casting the seemingly superficial phenomena of fashion and advertising as agents of cultural change, explains the effects of the risqué public image of young defined my the flapper image.” (Mike Tribby)

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    to realize their Zionist aims - Israeli military planning was based around removing hostile Palestinians from Israel, and in turn destroying their communities and creating the Palestinian refugee crisis - Tom Segev: "Disappearing the Arabs lay at the heart of the Zionist dream, and was also a necessary condition of its existence...

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work