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Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation of a communist state in Russia between 1917 and 1924

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Introduction

Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation of a communist state in Russia between 1917 and 1924. After the October Revolution and the Civil War, Russia was not only left in ruins, but as well in an established Communist state. The two main characters that made this possible were Vladimir Illich Ulyanov (Lenin) and Leon Trotsky. Together, while Lenin dealt with social problems such as starvation and disease (this eventually leading to the creation of "War Communism"), Trotsky was busy managing the war front and storing discipline in the army. Together they established and consolidated the Communist state. Without each other, Russian history wouldn't be as we know it! To further prove this point, there is a need of comparison on both men's failures and successes, to see clearly who was the main character. Lenin was the patient man of the dynamic duo, the one who resolved issues. He handled the day to day government and economy. ...read more.

Middle

After much chaos because of switching policies to War Communism, Lenin realized that the Bolsheviks were becoming unpopular and so switched from war communism to the NEP (New Economic Policy). After the Kronstadt Uprising, which took place on February 28, 1921, when a crew on the battleship, Petropavlovsk, attacked the Bolsheviks because they wanted a return of full political freedoms, Trotsky soon ordered the Red army to attack the Kronstadt, in the end killing 527 and wounding 4,127. With the change of policies, farmers were now allowed to sell food on the open market. Those farmers who expanded the size of their farms became known as kulaks. After the October Revolution in Russia, which began as a coup d'etat dated to October 25, 1917, Lenin issued a series of land, peace and working condition decrees. This did not function correctly as planned and lead to hyperinflation and shortages of supplies. After an attempt of murdering Lenin, he issued Red Terror and ordered the execution of the Tsar and his family, plus the setting up of machines which directed the CHEKA. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bolshevik leaders had originally entered the peace talks in the hope of exposing their enemies' territorial ambitions and rousing the workers of central Europe to revolution in defense of Russia's new workers' state. Trotsky single handedly won the civil war rebuilding the Russian Army based on the Red Guards, increased number of troops 7,000 to 5 million, organized supply weapons and food for army and forced troops to fight even in the severest conditions such as the Kronstadst Revolt. In conclusion, both Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky were two of the greatest intellects of the 20th century, being the two towering figures of the Russian Revolution making great contributions to the establishment of the Communist party. Without either, the Bolshevik Party as we know it would not have maintained support thanks to Lenin's contributions managing day to day government (Sovnarkom), dealing with social problems and concentration on consolidating the Communist state. Of course none of this would have been manage to be done without Trotsky's contribution as well because of his organization, discipline and managing of the Red Army (which if not done correctly would have gotten in the way). ...read more.

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