• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation of a communist state in Russia between 1917 and 1924

Extracts from this document...


Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation of a communist state in Russia between 1917 and 1924. After the October Revolution and the Civil War, Russia was not only left in ruins, but as well in an established Communist state. The two main characters that made this possible were Vladimir Illich Ulyanov (Lenin) and Leon Trotsky. Together, while Lenin dealt with social problems such as starvation and disease (this eventually leading to the creation of "War Communism"), Trotsky was busy managing the war front and storing discipline in the army. Together they established and consolidated the Communist state. Without each other, Russian history wouldn't be as we know it! To further prove this point, there is a need of comparison on both men's failures and successes, to see clearly who was the main character. Lenin was the patient man of the dynamic duo, the one who resolved issues. He handled the day to day government and economy. ...read more.


After much chaos because of switching policies to War Communism, Lenin realized that the Bolsheviks were becoming unpopular and so switched from war communism to the NEP (New Economic Policy). After the Kronstadt Uprising, which took place on February 28, 1921, when a crew on the battleship, Petropavlovsk, attacked the Bolsheviks because they wanted a return of full political freedoms, Trotsky soon ordered the Red army to attack the Kronstadt, in the end killing 527 and wounding 4,127. With the change of policies, farmers were now allowed to sell food on the open market. Those farmers who expanded the size of their farms became known as kulaks. After the October Revolution in Russia, which began as a coup d'etat dated to October 25, 1917, Lenin issued a series of land, peace and working condition decrees. This did not function correctly as planned and lead to hyperinflation and shortages of supplies. After an attempt of murdering Lenin, he issued Red Terror and ordered the execution of the Tsar and his family, plus the setting up of machines which directed the CHEKA. ...read more.


Bolshevik leaders had originally entered the peace talks in the hope of exposing their enemies' territorial ambitions and rousing the workers of central Europe to revolution in defense of Russia's new workers' state. Trotsky single handedly won the civil war rebuilding the Russian Army based on the Red Guards, increased number of troops 7,000 to 5 million, organized supply weapons and food for army and forced troops to fight even in the severest conditions such as the Kronstadst Revolt. In conclusion, both Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky were two of the greatest intellects of the 20th century, being the two towering figures of the Russian Revolution making great contributions to the establishment of the Communist party. Without either, the Bolshevik Party as we know it would not have maintained support thanks to Lenin's contributions managing day to day government (Sovnarkom), dealing with social problems and concentration on consolidating the Communist state. Of course none of this would have been manage to be done without Trotsky's contribution as well because of his organization, discipline and managing of the Red Army (which if not done correctly would have gotten in the way). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Much of Lenins success was no doubt explained by his towering domination over his ...

    Its evasive decisions concerning the land question and the continued war effort further lower the people's confidence and support. Lenin's initial success was based on the weakness of others and an opportunity of which he took advantage. Apparent from the successful spread of his ideology, Lenin was able to promote it through different political strategies.

  2. To what extent did nationalism contribute to the creation and expansion of the Indochinese ...

    Thus distance and topography created two autonomous and ethnically different regions (Appendix I). Even though, these two regions shared common Confucian values and the same origins, they still retained a fierce sense of identity, tradition, independence and nationalism distinct from one another.

  1. Was Lenin a success or a failure to Russia?

    The Civil War broke out in the same year as the opponents of Bolsheviks united with a single common goal - to remove the Reds. And although the Reds were surrounded (since they controlled only Moscow, Petrograd and the territory that lay between), they managed to defend themselves as the

  2. Mao Zedong: Dictatorship of a Single Party State

    * used army to kill opposition exposed by Hundred Flowers Campaign * unconfirmed amount killed during Cultural Revolution o scholarly estimates range roughly from 750,000 - 3 mill o Red Guard also used; consisted of students & young people mobilized by Mao b.

  1. Why did the Reds win the Russian Civil War?

    Note: this was the main agricultural area under his control. Williams, Beryl. The Russian Revolution, 1917-1921. Oxford: B. Blackwell, 1987. * The White-Volunteer-Army was in the beginning mainly composed of officers; however, very quickly it stopped to be voluntary and conscription followed with the White terror resulted in widespread hostility.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Educational reforms 1. Tolstoy (Minister of Education) blamed university curriculums for the spread of revolutionary ideas. 2. Subjects with ?independent thought? history, science, even Russian were replaced with math, Latin, Greek, and Church history. 3. Radical left-wing publications were shut down. 4. Schools were divided into gimnaziya which focused on a classical education and ?real schools? which focused on modern subjects.

  1. Compare and contrast the causes and nature of the February and October revolutions in ...

    In fact, the main leaders were not even in Russia at the time. The Germans, with an eye to an opportunity, actually smuggled Lenin into Russia in a sealed train and it certainly seemed like a good idea at the time because the minute Lenin stepped off the train, trouble started to brew.

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    organize nationally in their own congress 7. with death of Sun, Chiang steps forward, but contested by Wang, head of civilian side 8. KMT and CCP membership expanded rapidly with increasing anti-imp feeling 9. key turning point,1925, when strikes were held in Shanghai, Guangzhou to protest closing of Chinese mill

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work