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Condensed Treaty of Versailles

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Introduction

The Versailles Treaty * Woodrow Wilson, the president of America at the time, wanted a "peace without victory". He proposed a 14 point plan, which would be used for peace negotiations * He wanted to "eradicate recourse" by ending all wars by getting to the root cause of all wars * Called for a League of Nations to be formed, which would... o End arms race and secret diplomacy o International free trade o A new international order based on democracy o Right of ethnic minorities to self-determination * No Germans allowed at the Versailles Conference * European Allies suggested a very different treaty from Wilson * Versailles Treaty not ratified by Americans and they don't join the League of Nations * International co-operation, international law and justice and scrupulous respect to keep honourable relations between countries * Reduction of armaments is central for peace. Council will look into geographical and national safety when deciding how much the reduction is for each country. They will then look into these factors every ten years, so that it stays consistent * League of Nations will be a combined force, in which they will not wither against an outside country * If a there is a war threat on one country from the League, it will concern all countries (basically a really big alliance between the countries) ...read more.

Middle

land west of the Rhine is now in power by the Allied powers for 15 years * If Germany does not do everything stated in the Versailles Treaty, the land stated above will permanently become part of the Allied powers * If they obey all the articles of the Treaty for 15 years, occupying forces will be withdrawn at that time * Germany to understand and obey all treaties, and to recognize the new countries The Economic Consequences of the Peace * John Maynard Keynes was previously economic advisor to Lloyd George at the Versailles Conference * He knew that the economic articles stated in the treat would leave restlessness in the Germans, and it would leave their economic weak and would destabilize Europe * Gave his own ideas in the book "The Economic Consequences of the Peace", which would not only benefit Europe but the USA as well The Conference * France made the most extreme proposals * Clemenceau was the most active member of the Council of Four (from France?) * He believed that Germans did not understand anything but intimidation * He said that negotiation is not possible and therefore they must be told what to do * John believed that the League ...read more.

Conclusion

new government did worse than the previous * It could have been predicted, as it was men who had been weakening Germany internally previously and men who doubted the power of the people of the nation * Wanted to bring in parliamentary rule, instead of emperor rule * They agreed with Wilson, without realizing that "what the enemy wants can only be bad for ourselves" * When the Treaty of Versailles had been delivered, they said "Had our army had our workmen, on the 5th and 9th of November, known that peace would have looked that way, the army would not have laid down its arms; it would have held out". Saying that they would have rather continued to fight the war then agree with the "peace" pact * Military had warned political leaders about how they would be disarmed * When the Reichstag had taken over the Kaiser, the fourth note to Wilson they "consummated the political capitulation before the enemy" * They said that it was a peace of justice * The main betrayal of the German people was that the "unconquered army" was disarmed and the Treaty was abided by * "Crime" against Germany * The Political leadership broke down the military command ...read more.

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