• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Condensed Treaty of Versailles

Extracts from this document...


The Versailles Treaty * Woodrow Wilson, the president of America at the time, wanted a "peace without victory". He proposed a 14 point plan, which would be used for peace negotiations * He wanted to "eradicate recourse" by ending all wars by getting to the root cause of all wars * Called for a League of Nations to be formed, which would... o End arms race and secret diplomacy o International free trade o A new international order based on democracy o Right of ethnic minorities to self-determination * No Germans allowed at the Versailles Conference * European Allies suggested a very different treaty from Wilson * Versailles Treaty not ratified by Americans and they don't join the League of Nations * International co-operation, international law and justice and scrupulous respect to keep honourable relations between countries * Reduction of armaments is central for peace. Council will look into geographical and national safety when deciding how much the reduction is for each country. They will then look into these factors every ten years, so that it stays consistent * League of Nations will be a combined force, in which they will not wither against an outside country * If a there is a war threat on one country from the League, it will concern all countries (basically a really big alliance between the countries) ...read more.


land west of the Rhine is now in power by the Allied powers for 15 years * If Germany does not do everything stated in the Versailles Treaty, the land stated above will permanently become part of the Allied powers * If they obey all the articles of the Treaty for 15 years, occupying forces will be withdrawn at that time * Germany to understand and obey all treaties, and to recognize the new countries The Economic Consequences of the Peace * John Maynard Keynes was previously economic advisor to Lloyd George at the Versailles Conference * He knew that the economic articles stated in the treat would leave restlessness in the Germans, and it would leave their economic weak and would destabilize Europe * Gave his own ideas in the book "The Economic Consequences of the Peace", which would not only benefit Europe but the USA as well The Conference * France made the most extreme proposals * Clemenceau was the most active member of the Council of Four (from France?) * He believed that Germans did not understand anything but intimidation * He said that negotiation is not possible and therefore they must be told what to do * John believed that the League ...read more.


new government did worse than the previous * It could have been predicted, as it was men who had been weakening Germany internally previously and men who doubted the power of the people of the nation * Wanted to bring in parliamentary rule, instead of emperor rule * They agreed with Wilson, without realizing that "what the enemy wants can only be bad for ourselves" * When the Treaty of Versailles had been delivered, they said "Had our army had our workmen, on the 5th and 9th of November, known that peace would have looked that way, the army would not have laid down its arms; it would have held out". Saying that they would have rather continued to fight the war then agree with the "peace" pact * Military had warned political leaders about how they would be disarmed * When the Reichstag had taken over the Kaiser, the fourth note to Wilson they "consummated the political capitulation before the enemy" * They said that it was a peace of justice * The main betrayal of the German people was that the "unconquered army" was disarmed and the Treaty was abided by * "Crime" against Germany * The Political leadership broke down the military command ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Assess the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany, 1919-1930.

    o Volunteer listing only, and if you sign up it's for a minimum of 12 years. And for officers is 25 years. o They are not allowed to be ready for a larger army, and are forbidden to have certain types of weapons.

  2. The Treaty of Versailles vs. The Treaty of Vienna. Both the Congress of Vienna, ...

    It is impossible. Due to the all clauses, Germany's government and economy would weaken. Moreover, they would adopt the Russian revolutionist ideas and become a communist country. The representatives, apparently, could not see the threat of Communism while they were singing their song of "Peace, Perfect Peace."

  1. hrough an analysis of the consequences of the treaty of Versailles, it is made ...

    Hitler's NSDAP greatly benefitted from it. Although the rise of the Nazis in the 1930s also owed to the devastating effects of the Great Depression in 1929 and Hitler's personal qualities but the Treaty of Versailles indirectly but greatly contributed to this rise to power.

  2. Treaty Versailles Essay

    of the countries representatives had a different motive of the wording of the Treaty of Versailles.18 France had lost about 1.5 million military troops and about 400 000 civilians to World War I. Much of the industrialized northern France lay in forsaken ruins.

  1. Appeal to the League of Nations

    country a new guarantee for the maintenance of her territorial integrity and independence" -They saw that from 1923 onward, Haile did not bring more disorder and insecurity but rather he brought a central power that is better obeyed and a more united country -Claims he could have still done better

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Kerensky and Milyukov supported this. 3. Bad decision, some officers were prepared to continue but the troops did not want to fight anymore. 4. Knox ?the officer at once became the enemy?type of master in military uniform. To the average Russian peasant his country was a hovel on the

  1. To What Extent was the Treaty of Versailles a fair treaty that could keep ...

    The Allied wanted Germany to pay for the material damage done to them during the war and they also proposed to charge Germany for future costs of pension to war widows and war wounded. There was much argument between the delegates at the conference regarding the problem of the reparation.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Reconfirmation of the Camp David Accords 2. An end to Arab hostility towards Israel 3. A solution to the refuge problem that is an international effort. Says the issues much be viewed as a humanitarian problem not a political one.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work