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How did the First World War begin and what were the impacts in the aftermath of the devastation?

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Introduction

Garima Dalal How did the First World War begin and what were the impacts in the aftermath of the devastation? The First World War started due to a number of causes. One of the causes is the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Bosnia when he came to visit with his wife. Six teenage Bosnian Serb terrorists hated him and therefore had sworn to kill him when he came to visit Austria. The cars passed one of them, Mehmedbasic, at 10.15 but he couldn?t bring himself to throw the bomb. The same happened with Cabriolvic, another one of them. When the cars passed the third one, Cabrinovic, he threw the bomb, swallowed the poison he was given and jumped into the river. However, the Archduke saw the bomb coming and threw it away before it could explode. It exploded under one of the cars behind, injuring various people. Panic ensued in the crowd, causing there to be a riot. This distracted the terrorists and the Archduke was taken to the Town Hall where he later insisted on going to visit the injured people in the hospital. All the terrorists now thought the Archduke was dead, except for one, Princip. The officials decided to take a new route since they were afraid there might be more terrorists waiting in the route they came from. ...read more.

Middle

However, Germany and Austria didn?t seem to trust their ally and Italy wasn?t a strong military or industrial power. Britain saw France and Russia as its most dangerous rivals. However, later on, it set up an agreement with them to defend each other if war breaks out. Britain needed help against Germany because the Kaiser made it very clear that he wanted Germany to have an empire overseas and a strong navy, Britain saw this as a big threat and therefore joined hands with France and Russia. France was defeated by Germany in 1870, so France was also against Germany like Britain and therefore, agreed to help Britain. Also, France wanted its rich region of Alsace-Lorraine back from Germany which they took from France in the 1870 war. Russia had history for its rivalry with Austria-Hungary and also it was worried about the growing power of Germany, like France and Britain. Morocco also had a significant role in the causes of the war. In 1905, the Kaiser visited Morocco because Germany was building up its own empire and had colonies in central and south Africa, so the Kaiser also wanted to build colonies in the North. However, France also had plans for Morocco, so Kaiser made a speech saying he supported the independence for Morocco. ...read more.

Conclusion

Almost immediately, the great powers, United States, Britain and France were at odds with each other. Britain and France wanted to punish Germany; however United States was keen on formation of the League of Nations. Also the Treaty of Versailles was signed by Germany at the Paris Peace Conference after the war. According to the Treaty, Germany accepted all the blame for the damage that had been done in the war and all the colonies of Germany were divided up among the nations. Also, its army was now allowed only 100,000 men and forts could not be placed in Rhineland. The industries that had been based on the war machinery weren?t needed anymore; therefore the level of unemployment rose and the government had many debts to pay. In 1929, the American Stock Market crashed which wiped out all the investments that the investors had made. During the Great Depression in Europe, there was a rise in political dictatorship such as Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. It is believed that Hitler would never have come to power if Germans had not been discontented with the economy and restrictions from the Treaty of Versailles. The rise of Hitler is a very important effect of the First World War; Second World War would never have occurred if Hitler hadn?t risen as Germany?s dictator. The biggest effect of the First World War was the Second World War itself. ...read more.

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