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Internal Assessment: Camp David and Oslo Accords

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Introduction

Which peace process was more effective in attempting to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict: the 1993 Oslo Accords or the Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David in 2000? Libby Liang Kiana Yau Word Count: 1999 History Internal Assessment International Baccalaureate Programme Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School Mr. R. Picard May 2011 Table of Contents Section A: Plan of Investigation .............................................................. Page 1 Section B: Summary of Evidence ............................................................ Page 2 Section C: Evaluation of Sources ............................................................. Page 6 Section D: Analysis .............................................................................. Page 8 Section E: Conclusion ...........................................................................Page 11 Bibliography ...................................................................................... Page 12 Section A: Plan of Investigation This investigation seeks to determine which peace talk was more effective in attempting to resolve the Palestinian-Israel conflict: the 1993 Oslo Accords or the Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David in 2000. To complete this investigation, related primary sources, secondary historian accounts, and biographies from a variety of perspectives will be analyzed and their different views regarding the issue will be focused upon. While a variety of sources will be analyzed, two of the primary sources will be evaluated in depth for their origin, purpose, value, and limitation: The Oslo Declaration of Principles and The Trilateral Statement issued by the United States, Israel, and the Palestinians at the Camp David Summit. ...read more.

Middle

The purpose of this declaration is for Israel and the Palestinians to recognize their legitimacy and mutual rights of existence and to commit themselves to negotiating a permanent settlement to improve relations between the two parties. The value is that it provides candid insights into some of the important issues that were discussed, such as troop withdrawal, in the meeting between the two sides, and it also reflects the perspectives of the people, such as Rabin and Arafat, involved in the negotiation. The limitations of this primary source include its vagueness in its proposal for negotiation. Instead of providing a definitive solution over some of key issues, such as the status of Jerusalem and the problem of Palestinian refugees, this document only serves as a framework for future peace talks due to its lack of details. Also, the document may not reflect the real discussion during the Oslo process, since it is a declaration released to the public. Source 2: The Trilateral Statement issued by the United States, Israel, and the Palestinians on the Camp David Summit, July 25, 2000 The Trilateral statement is a primary document issued cooperatively by the United States, the Israelis, and the Palestinians on July 25th, 2000, the last day of the Camp David Summit. ...read more.

Conclusion

His argument was strong in focusing on the overall influence of the Oslo Accord while considering other historical views as well. Overall what was realized is that the Oslo Accord was a negotiation primarily between the two parties with little external pressure (such as the US), and it was a breakthrough in trying to resolve the conflict on both diplomatic and economic levels. There was the consideration of dealing with the political opposition between the two sides and the social and economic stability of both peoples. Ben-Dor's argument was strong and reliable in helping to answer our investigation. Section E: Conclusion While both the Oslo Accords and Camp David had the same objective of promoting peace and reaching a non-temporary agreement, they produced different outcomes that had huge impacts on the Palestinian-Israeli relations. The Oslo Accord was significant in trying to reach an agreement between the Palestinians and Israel from both political and economic aspects. It had the aim of promoting peace between the two authorities and achieving stability for the civilians. Conversely, the urgency and desperation in Camp David contributed to its fatal flaw of struggling to reach a final agreement between the Palestinians and the Israelis, leaving many key issues, such as Jerusalem, to be unresolved. While the Oslo Accord provided an opportunity to thaw the tension between the two sides, Camp David lead to nowhere but escalation of violence. ...read more.

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