• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16

Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

Extracts from this document...


Completed in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the IB Diploma Programme John Paul Chunga IB History Internal Assessment 2011-2012 Candidate Number: 0345-006 IB Instructor: Nicholas Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War Word Count: 1,963 Section A I want to know more about politics in the 1960s at the height of the Cold War when John F. Kennedy's New Frontier combats Soviet ambition. The United States and the Soviet Union were the superpowers of the world with two competing ideologies. With this competition came fear of that the other would best them in technological advancement. The nuclear arms race had begun after the Second World War and on October 16, 1962 culminated with the Cuban missile crisis that had the world inches from destruction. After this event the arms race did not flex its power as the Cold War thawed, however what evidence supports this supposed thawing in the Cold War? In other words, to what extent did the Cuban missile crisis lead to a thaw in the Cold War with the Soviet Union? To reach a conclusion for the research question, the conditions leading up to, during, and following the Cuban missile crisis will be assessed. The lessons learned from the administrations following will be used to assess whether a thawing occurred. The sources Thirteen Days by Robert F. Kennedy and The Fog of War directed by Errol Morris is used and analyzed for its origins, purposes, values, and limitations. The cultural aspect of the Cold War is not assessed in the determination of Cold War thawing and is limited to a United States perspective focusing on relations with the Soviet Union. Section B Pre Missile Crisis and Heating * Had FDR not died, the Cold War would not have happened, but it did, and the Americans had the monopoly on the bomb, which made Russia want to catch up to the opposing superpower (Walker 27) ...read more.


But Turkey adjoins us; our sentries patrol back and forth and see each other" (See Appendix 1). His letter accepting Kennedy's peace showed the Soviet Union was bluffing the whole time, and the bluff did not work out. The Soviet's bluff ended Soviet aggression towards the United States since it would not challenge the Americans with the exception of a Middle East conflict. Furthermore, the United States would organize a series of arms settlements that were designed to limit testing of nuclear weapons, however there were inconsistencies with American and Soviet policy. They both built up arms during the Cold War, but they did not test it. The Americans involved themselves in a conflict in Vietnam causing them to have a better relationship with Peking than Moscow. All this in mind, the United States built up arms as a safeguard so other countries would not challenge them. The nuclear weapons had the opportunity to put the world in jeopardy and they had the power to stop it. The United States used their experience in the crisis to put themselves in the others' shoes and realized countries would not challenge a strong arms force. Furthermore, Robert McNamara's experience in dealing with Cold War countries brought the United States to prepare for attack because of the unpredictability of other countries. The Cuban missile crisis shows unpredictability, but due to the United States hardline reaction, they avoided destruction. McNamara's hardline leads to the United States avoiding conflict leading to d�tente, causing the cooling of tensions and absence of Cold War outbreaks. Section E The Cuban Missile Crisis set off the negotiations and talks concerning nuclear weapons. It was the first conflict where the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a direct struggle, spawning a reaction within the United States and the Soviet Union to not give in to the destruction of nuclear weapons. Khrushchev did not want to give in to "petty passions" that would lead to nuclear war, and therefore getting rid of nuclear weapons would stop tension (Appendix 1). ...read more.


Therefore, any accidental use of them to the detriment of the United States is excluded. These means are situated in Cuba at the request of the Cuban Government and are only for defense purposes. Therefore, if there is no invasion of Cuba, or attack on the Soviet Union or any of our other allies, then of course these means are not and will not be a threat to anyone. For they are not for purposes of attack. If you are agreeable to my proposal, Mr. President, then we would send our representatives to New York, to the United Nations, and would give them comprehensive instructions in order that an agreement may be reached more quickly. If you also select your people and give them the corresponding instructions, then this question can be quickly resolved. Why would I like to do this? Because the whole world is now apprehensive and expects sensible actions of us. The greatest joy for all peoples would be the announcement of our agreement and of the eradication of the controversy that has arisen. I attach great importance to this agreement in so far as it could serve as a good beginning and could in particular make it easier to reach agreement on banning nuclear weapons tests. The question of the tests could be solved in parallel fashion, without connecting one with the other, because these are different issues. However, it is important that agreement be reached on both these issues so as to present humanity with a fine gift, and also to gladden it with the news that agreement has been reached on the cessation of nuclear tests and that consequently the atmosphere will no longer be poisoned. Our position and yours on this issue are very close together. All of this could possibly serve as a good impetus toward the finding of mutually acceptable agreements on other controversial issues on which you and I have been exchanging views. These views have so far not been resolved, but they are awaiting urgent solution, which would clear up the international atmosphere. We are prepared for this. Respectfully yours, N. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. US and the Vietnam War

    the North, they thought they had enough ammunition to start a war against Vietnam. However, the United States did not realize that "The politics in South Vietnam were full of corrupt diplomats who were working on the inside along with other diplomats who were full of undemocratic ideas."

  2. WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory ...

    Considering the broad perspective Keegan has, offers a slightly more objective when referring to intelligence throughout the war than in Seizing the enigma. 1. Kahn p.1 2. Keegan p.1 D. Analysis Although, the Battle of the Atlantic was fought at sea it was dictated by actions taken on land.

  1. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    war was the new feeling in politics across the globe, Churchill reflected the poor relations between the East and West in a speech. In March 1946, Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri in which he said, "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent....

  2. WW2 as a total war

    These methods contrast Britain's wartime policies in way such as Britain's acceptance of women into the work force.

  1. How successful was Khrushchev as Soviet Leader?

    The extent of this scheme cannot be underestimated; almost 30 million hectares were involved in it; as McCauley states ?it truly was a nationwide plan?. However, although he should have delegated far more effectively, the administrators behind the scenes let Khrushchev down by failing to organise adequate facilities such as

  2. Explain the USAs policy of containment. How successful was this in Korea, Vietnam and ...

    Douglas MacArthur made an amphibious landing, which forced the North Korean army to retreat and by the end of September the South had been recaptured. This shows how USA were successful with their policy of containment as if they had stopped here they would have been able to successfully prevent the spread of communism in South Korea.

  1. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    Although the offensive was taken as US victory, on the screen, what American people saw was a brutal defeat for US[19]. The percent of television stories in which journalists editorialized news jumped from 5.9 % before Tet to 20 % in the two months after[20].

  2. Discuss the Space Race from the USA Perspective.

    In the battle for supremacy into space explorations, the U.S. pushed to make many achievements following the U.S.S.R. and eventually made a significant breakthrough in space discovery history. On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the second person, however the first American to travel into space.[20] Gagarin may have scored

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work