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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe emerged from the German Enlightenment as Germanys finest writer. In 1773 he wrote the drama 'Goetz von Berlichingen' which captured the spirit of German nationalism,

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Introduction

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) and is known as the greatest of all German poets, novelist, journalist, playwright, dramatist and scientist and he is regarded as the most universal German figure. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe emerged from the German Enlightenment as Germany's finest writer. In 1773 he wrote the drama 'Goetz von Berlichingen' which captured the spirit of German nationalism, followed by his novel 'The Sorrows of Young Werther'. His novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), about a young boy who falls for an unattainable girl and eventually kills himself out of despair, had a massive impact on German youth at the time. ...read more.

Middle

Just like Rousseau's works in France, Goethe's works heavily focused on emotions and innate human feelings, this signalled the end of the German Enlightenment. Although, Goethe was never concerned with the politics of his era, even though there where massive governmental shifts taking place in Germany at the time, he had a great effect on the German people and he was the originator of many ideas which later became widespread. He was a writer and scholar and spent the bulk of his career and life creating an enormous amount of literature, translations, and scientific inquiries. ...read more.

Conclusion

He argued that laws could not be created by pure rationalism, since geography and history shaped habits and patterns. This contrasted with the Enlightenment view that reason was sufficient to create well-ordered societies and good laws. His views overall were two fold: on one hand, he devoted to the sense of taste, order, and finely crafted detail, which is the hallmark of the artistic sense of the Age of Reason and the neo-classical period of architecture; on the other, seeking a personal, intuitive, and personalized form of expression and society, firmly supporting the idea of self-regulating and organic systems. ...read more.

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