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Lenin's Rise to Power

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Introduction

Analyse the rise to power of Lenin. (1917 -1921) Lenin's rise to power was something set for him from a very young age. He was a Russian Marxist revolutinary, and only four years after Marx's death, Lenin (at twenty-four years of age) was already found in a Siberian prison for being a traitor to the Tsar. Whilst in his cell he could look over the Lena river, which is where he adopted his name Lenin - from Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov - although he claims it started after the Lena goldfields massacre in 1912, he was first known as Lenin in 1903. Lenin's political aspirations initiated with his Father - a school master who wanted democracy. After family tragedies Lenin adopted Marxist opinions except that he believed that the masses still needed to be controled and would never reach a point where they could rule themselves (a highly centralized party and purging anyone against him or his party), which made his opinions more communist than marxist. Lenin was an active member of the Russian Socialist Democratic Labour Party and in 1903 it split into the Bolsheviks (meaning more) ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky tried to get certain parties back together, however he didn't achieve this. In 1907 he fled to London. By 1917 he was in New York city. With the First World War, passifism and peace brought Lenin and Trotsky back together. With the fall of Tsardom, he finaly found his way back in Russia by June 1917, after the first revolution which overthrew the Tsar. After several months he found his way into the Bolshevik party and began to discuss the fall of Kerensky and the Provisional Government. To carry out the revolution, several organisations were set up, such as the Military Revolutionary Committee. Trotsky was in charge of it - a troika. Basicly their purpous was to take over any means of communication outside of Petrograd - to stop Kerensky from getting help. Kerensky did end up leaving the city, but before he could bring help back, the Bolsheviks had taken over the city, and had attacked the winter palace - the Provisional Government head quarters - and aressted Provisional Government officials. They had previously assumed the course events, and had already spreaded their triumph on flyers. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were Reds Whites and Greens against each other. The reds of course were the communist Bolsheviks, the whites were any party or parliament against the Reds, or who have been opressed by them, the Greens were smaller nationalities trying to free themselves from Russia. The Whites then got international allies such as Great Britain and France, however they could not be of very much help as they had just endured the First World War. The Bolsheviks suceeded the civil war because they had inspired themselves from Trotsky, they had many back up officers from Tsardom willing to help, the Bolsheviks were united geographically and strategically. This was the opposite for the White forces. However by the end of the civil war, Lenin accomplished Famine, murder of the Tsar, opposition to his own party and had to come up with a new plan to deal with the problems, he came up with the New Economic Plan. Bolshevik economic policies became very unpopular at the end of the war, industry was harshly affected. The New Economic Plan was needed to control trading and marketing, peasantry support, ressumption of local merchants, exports, and the introduction to of levied taxes. Lenin was making a heavy decision, as the New Economic Plans because they were more capitalist than communist. [1197] Liliane Neubecker 22.10.08 ...read more.

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