• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Oleg Penkovsky

Extracts from this document...


Plan of Investigation Oleg Penkovsky, a soviet mole during the cold war, fed information to government agencies in Great Britain and the United States. In this internal assessment, I will assess the role that Oleg Penkovsky had in the Cuban Missile crisis, and more specifically, supplying information to American and English intelligence agencies that helped to end the crisis with Cuba. I will research this topic through many books written about Penkovsky and his role in the Cold War in general. With that knowledge, I can narrow down information that deals specifically with the Cuban missile crisis and the spy's role with it. I will analyze the information given and show that Oleg Penkovsky was one of the main factors why there was not incident between the countries of Cuba and the United States of America. Summary of Evidence Oleg Penkovsky's involvement with American and British intelligence began on a bridge on the evening hours of August 12, 1960.1 Penkovsky approached two American tourists, handed them an envelope, and calmly whispered to them to take it "to the CIA."2 After some cautious debate amongst themselves, Penkovsky's sealed envelope was delivered to the American embassy, which then relayed it on to the Central Intelligence Agency in the United States3. This was just the beginning of Penkovsky's secret relationship with foreign intelligence agencies during the Cold War. ...read more.


This source is valuable in one way because of its author, Ernest Volkman. Mr. Volkman was previously an award-winning national correspondent for Newsday who specialized in the secretive world of espionage. He has done extensive work and research in this area of study, including hundreds of articles and several books before this one. This is one reason why this source is highly valuable. The book has also been reviewed by such people as the President of the National Intelligence Study Center and received high marks. This can be seen as a value in the fact that it would not have gotten many of these excellent reviews if the information had been falsified. Another value of the book in reference to my topic is that there is a full chapter that deals solely with Oleg Penkovsky and his work for the United States and Great Britain during the Cold War. This detailed analysis of Penkovsky's work adds a greater understanding of the figure being studies, which adds great value to the work. This source does not come without its limitations as well. The material in this book can be classified as highly questionable because of the very nature of the topic being written about, espionage. Espionage is supposed to be kept secret, so the information given may not certainly be correct, which is a limitation. ...read more.


This ultimately led to the Soviet Union's downfall in Cuba and eventually their downfall as a country. Conclusion After an analysis of the sources and evidence presented, Oleg Penkovsky had a very vital role in the conclusion of the Cuban missile crisis. Until Penkovsky's conviction and execution, he contributed several important pieces of information to intelligence agencies in the West, especially the United States. His method of gathering intelligence was sufficient enough to relay several thousand important pieces of intelligence to these agencies, including the plans and information regarding the SS4 missiles that were being transported to Cuba by the Soviet Union. Without the information acquired by Penkovsky, the United States would not have been able to make a credible threat against the Soviet Union. This threat, unchecked, might have led to the world's first nuclear war. 1 Volkman, Ernest. Spies: The Secret Agents WHo Changed the Course of History. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994. 2 Volkman 1994 3 Volkman 1994 4 McCormack, Shaun. Inside Britain's MI6 Military Intelligence. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2003. 5 Dorril, Stephen. MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service. New York: The Free Pess, 2000. 6 Dorril 2000 7 Volkman 1994 8 Volkman 1994 9 Volkman 1994 10 Volkman 1994 11 Dorril 2000 12 Volkman 1994 13 Volkman 1994 14 Volkman 1994 15 Volkman 1994 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    made up of Big 4 and Japan in Geneva > General Assembly 10.7 The Rejection of The Versailles Peace Treaty > French only agree with the treaty because Britain and US agree to help France in case of any future struggles with Germany and is afraid of US splitting and

  2. Castro's Cuba

    The urban and rural communities, as well as a large portion of students, grew impatient and ready for change. By contrast to the policies and wishes of Batista, Castro offered to provide an alternative, offering more jobs and well-being to the people (they would be provided with extensive social services).

  1. WHy did Russian Install missiles in Cuba

    used as a negotiating tactic with which Khrushchev's demands could forcibly be met.4 His fellow analysts however expressed their reservations towards McCone's theory as the Soviets had never before placed offensive missiles outside the Soviet Union and thought it unlikely that they would begin to do so now.5 On October

  2. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    beyond oneself, maximize efficiency, proportionality should be a guideline in war, get the data, belief and seeing are both often wrong, be prepared to reexamine your reasoning, in order to do good you may have to engage in evil, never say never, and you can't change human nature * Nikita Khrushchev desired peace as much as President Kennedy (Frankel 177)

  1. Source Analysis. This investigation focuses on how Cuba was affected by the U.S. ...

    Furthermore, this made the export of medicines and medical supplies and equipment impossible. Up until 2001, the exports to Cuba from the U.S. were never greater than $10 million, including medications.7 Cuba's inability to trade with other countries not only effected their economy, but it began to hurt their medical advancements and health care reform.

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    area (1962), the formation of independent Malaysia (1963), the Congo Civil War (1960-64), the Cyprus crisis (1963-64) and the emergence of Bangladesh (1971). Out of these, this extended essay analyses the Cuban missile crisis in details in order to highlight U Thant?s peace-keeping role in saving the world on a brink of nuclear war.

  1. How successful was Khrushchev as Soviet Leader?

    It was a risk, a stroke of ultimately misplaced intuition typical of the nature of his leadership, but not right for the USSR just after Stalin?s death. Lynch asserts that Khrushchev?s speech was ?a selective one...it was very important that the illegality and terror he was exposing should be seen as the crimes of one individual?.

  2. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story ...

    some slight compensation, perhaps, for being the lawful wife of an important citizen. lt is a recorded fact that Catherine de Chasseur was executed on April 11, 1541 in the Gevangenpoort by the gruesome method of the water death - filled with water until she expired. Her accomplices were beheaded.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work