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Reasons for Hitler`s rise to power

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Examine the reasons for Hitler`s rise to power Hitler`s rise to power was based upon long-term factors, resentment in the German people, weakness of Weimar system which he exploited through propaganda, the terror of his storm troopers and the brilliance of his speeches. After WW1 the German economy had been built on foreign loans, especially loans from the United States and on world trade, which was also based on a system of loans and notes of credit. After the Wall Street Crash in 1929, the world trade and commerce collapsed, and the German economy collapsed with it. The number of unemployed grew from 2 mln in 1928 to 6 mln in 1932 which caused the depression. People wanted someone to blame and looked to extreme solutions, Hitler offered them both. Germans turned to Nazism because they were desperate and Nazi success in the elections grew from 12 seats in 1928 to 230 seats in 1932. ...read more.


Firstly, he banned the Communist party because of its so-called involvement in the Reichstag fire, even if no one knows precisely how the fire began but a Dutch communist, Van der Lubbe, was discovered inside the building. Nazis used the arrest of Van der Lubbe as an excuse to round up an imprison communist leaders, claiming that they had uncovered a plot to seize the g`nment. Then he bullied and persuaded other members of Reichstag. On 23 March 1933, he forced through the "Enabling Act", which meant that he could make laws without consulting the members of Reichstag of the president. When Hindenburg died a few months later he combined the posts of the chancellor and president. Hitler`s hold over Germany was complete. By 1934, there was only one legal party allowed and Hitler was the undisputed leader of that party. Hitler turned against SA, who became too powerful and dangerous for him. A new, powerful organization called SS ensured that all the opposition was crushed. They attacked everyone who opposed Hitler. ...read more.


In religion, most of the Nazi`s supporters were Protestants. German Catholics remained firm in their support of the Catholic Center Party. Most of Germany`s industrial workers continued to vote for the Social Democrats, disgruntled industrial workers voted for the Communists. The conservative upper classes generally regarded Hitler as an uneducated demagogue and gutter politician. Hitler was a brilliant speaker, he was a good organizer and politician. He was a driven, unstable man who believed that he had been called by the God to become dictator of German and rule the world. This kept him going when other people might have given up. His self-belief persuaded other people to believe in him."He was holding the masses under a hypnotic spell by the sheer force of his beliefs. His words were like whip. When he spoke of the disgrace about German, I felt ready to attack any enemy" Karl Ludecke, follower of Hitler. "Hitler policies were half-baked, racist, but among the jumble of hysterical ideas Hitler showed a sure sense of how to appeal to the lowest instincts of frightened masses" Tony Howarth historian. ...read more.

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